Introduction to NFL Debate StylesPresentation Transcript
Parliamentary Debate What is parliamentary debate?
What is Parliamentary Debate?
Parli is a spontaneous partner debate
Format: 1AC, 1NC, 2AC, 2NC, NR, AR
Constructives are 7 mins, rebuttals are 5
Resolutions are released before rounds!
General knowledge of current/historical events
Following magazines, periodicals is a good idea
The ability to think on your feet
Resolutions Fact: Is the resolution true? Ex: This house believes that President Obama has done a better job at fighting terrorism than George Bush Value: Yes/No, and how should you decide if it is? Ex: This house believes the United States should have a drinking age Policy: Should we adopt a plan? Ex: This house would abolish the electoral college It’s not that simple! Resolutions often are a mix of the three general categories Ex: This house would lower the drinking age Is it wise to adopt a plan to do so? How do you decide whether or not is wise to do so?
A mix of the other debates “Lay Debate,” At league tournament Less debate jargon, more explanation of issues “Technical Debating” At invitationals and larger tournaments Jargon is used, along with strategies from Policy and LD Parli is for those that want to….. lay debate sometimes, and debate technically other times approach debate for the first time show advanced debate knowledge run craaaazy arguments (time capsules, plankton, babies, etc.) have fun If you said yes to any of the above, Parli is for you!
Lincoln Douglas Debate What is LD Debate?
LD is one-on-one debate Resolutions are bi-monthly! Basics: It is called “value” debate Places emphasis on logic, ethics, and philosophy named for the 1858 Lincoln-Douglas Debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas because their debates were centered around slavery and the morals, values, and logic behind it
Example Resolutions: Resolved: States ought not possess nuclear weapons. Resolved: A just society ought not use the death penalty as form of punishment. Cases: LD is always “in theory” debate If topics discusses government policies etc., LD debaters discuss its ethical impacts Crux of every LD case is something called “value” and “value criteria” Value Premise: Your arguments all solve for this value; the case attempts to demonstrate the resolutional action is in accordance with this value (i.e. justice, equality , etc.) Value Criteria: How you measure, quantify this value
Most Unique NFL Debate No other NFL debate includes ethics and values! Arguments are not limited to “quantifiable impacts” only as in many other debates LD is for those who….. are looking to debate the “human aspect” rather than economic, political feasibility of issues Prefer to stay away from creating policy measures or solving political issues, etc Need a stepping stone to Policy debate Want to improve personal refutation skills, cross-examination, AND argumentation skills! Do not want to depend on partners Want to read about basic philosophy! If you said yes to any of the above, LD is for you!
PF is 30 minute, partner debate Resolutions are released every month! Basics: Topics are current events, “stripped off of headlines” Following magazines, periodicals is a good idea The newest and shortest NFL debate event A simple, organized debate form intended to be audience friendly and laymen-comprehensible
Resolved: That the Economic Stimulus Act of 2008 will successfully mitigate economic slowdowns over the next year. Resolved: NATO presence improves the lives of Afghan citizens
Public Forum cases feature basic cost-benefit analysis
No jargon, or theory
Argumentation revolves around economic, social, political feasibility and impacts
Evidence and statistic heavy debate
Most Audience Friendly NFL Debate Orthodox argumentation: PF debaters weigh quantified Pro’s against quantified Con’s Realistic, informative argumentation! PF is for those who….. Want an introduction to basic debate and argumentation are looking to debate the economic, political, social feasibility of issues Want to improve their research skills Enjoy current events Want to widen their general knowledge Want to hone basic economics knowledge Prefer to depend on partners If you said yes to the above, PF is for you!
The oldest and most famous NFL debate event! Considered the most prestigious debate event and also, most complex Partner debate event One topic per year 2010 Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially reduce its military and/or police presence in one or more of the following: South Korea, Japan, Afghanistan, Kuwait, Iraq, Turkey. Many high school policy debaters continue policy debate in college Also known as “Cross-X” debate Resolutions directly relate to government policy
Affirmative side always presents a plan that solves for the resolution
Example Resolution- Resolved: The federal government should adopt a comprehensive, long-term agricultural policy in the United States
Very evidence and statistic heavy!
Policy debaters carry around tubs full of multiple plans and hundreds of pages of printed evidence
Policy is all about technique and jargon
Lots of room for creativity!
Focused on evidence gathering and organizational ability
Less emphasis on persuasiveness
The “Granddaddy” of NFL Debate
Very large community of debaters across the country!
A long legacy of famous politicians, media personnel
Policy is for those who…..
Want to build advanced research skills
Want the same topic for the entire year
Want lots of time to develop arguments
Enjoy all out, total global thermonuclear war and extinction in every single round!