Drop in Technologies to Produce<br />Butanols and Hydrocarbons<br />1<br />
Gevo:  Who We Are …<br />gevo<br />Founded in 2005, based in Englewood, Colorado<br />Pilot plant, laboratory & office spa...
Successfully engineered, develop, implemented new yeast biocatalysts and processes</li></ul>53 employees<br />St. Joseph, ...
Investors<br />gevo<br />34%<br />12%<br />8%<br />7%<br />1%<br />10%<br />
Partners<br />gevo<br />Most NA ethanol plants contain ICM technology<br />
Biomass to Hydrocabons<br />gevo<br />Corn<br />Fermentation<br />& Bioprocessing<br />Hydrocarbon<br />Processing<br />Su...
Products and Markets<br />
The Benefits of Isobutanol as an Oxygenate<br />gevo<br />Isobutanol Lowers RVP in Gasoline<br />E10<br />Benefits:<br />L...
 Hydrocarbon Blendstocks & Fuels-Drop In Substitutions<br />gevo<br />Low RVP Bio-Blendstocks<br />Renewable Gasoline that...
gevo<br />Gevo Jet Fuels-Designed and Drop in <br />C12 isoparaffins<br />Higher Flash point<br />Lower Freezing point<br ...
Passed Tier 2 Testing
Designer fuels</li></li></ul><li>Gevo Aviation Gasoline<br />gevo<br /><ul><li> Conventional 100 LL
 Gevo AvGas</li></ul>isopentane<br />Gevo AvGas is renewable 91 UL:<br /><ul><li>  68% isooctane (MON ~93)
  10% toluene (MON ~115)
  22% isopentane (MON ~90)
MON = 91
Supercharge Octane Number = 96
No benzene, lead, or sulfur
  >95% GHG emission reduction using 	corn stover</li></ul>isooctane<br />Distillation Curve<br />toluene<br />benzene<br /...
Bio-Diesel Esters Butanols<br />gevo<br />Bio-Diesel Blendstocks/Additives<br />-H2O<br />Isobutylene<br />Esters<br />Mel...
Materials<br />gevo<br />Isobutanol<br />Isobutylene<br />
Technology<br />
Gevo Solutions Address Critical Issues of Advanced Biofuels<br />gevo<br />Gevo Solution<br />Challenges<br />Butanol<br /...
Economic concentration is toxic to production organism
Difficult and expensive to remove water
High capital cost
Gevo’sIntegrated Fermentation Technology (GIFTtm)
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

09 CeoMeeting- Session1- Gevo

1,903 views
1,810 views

Published on

Session 1: Industrial Biotechnology

Title: Next Generation Fuels & Chemicals – Beyond Ethanol, Biodiesel And polylactides

Panel : Dr Pat Gruber, Gevo

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,903
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
9
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • broke ground on a multi-million-dollarresearch lab and pilot plant in St. Joseph, MO,and expanded its Colwich research facilities.In 2006, two out of three plants under construction in North America featured our technology2007: 2.1 BGY of the 5.8 BGY of ethanol produced in the U.S. were the result of ICM process technology
  • Isobutanol is already used in the chemical industry and the food and beverage industry. It occurs naturally in Food (Grapes, Apples, Coffee, Bread)Isobutanol is An oxygenate with hydrocarbon-like properties. Easily converted into HYDROCARBONS for FUELSWe start with any carbohydrate. Currently the fermentation technology takes starches, but we are developing our next generation technology to accept mixed sugars, like those obtained from biomass feedstocks. We are collaborating with other companies developing biomass collection and processing capabilities. When ready, we will bring them together to utilize whichever feedstock makes the most sense.The biggest breakthrough Gevo has made is in the fermentation and purification process for isobutanol. We have utilized the best biotechnology tools and most experienced people to deliver a fermentation technology that delivers isobutanol as a single product. We have developed a novel separation process that works together with fermentation to provide isobutanol in high purity using low energy and low cost. What’s more, this technology fits into ethanol assets with little capital investment! Providing a lower capital cost, lower risk means of growing our business.Process produces a highly pure isobutanol, which is used today in the chemical industry and is a superior fuel oxygenate.This allows for a highly pure isobutylene and a capability to build up molecules as needed by the market. While not complete control, much more so than an oil refinery which is breaking down molecules. This results in lower capital and far fewer coproducts per unit of desired product.Utilizing known unit operations and catalysts from the refinery industry, we have developed hydrocarbon production processes for a variety of hydrocarbon types.Using this approach we will tailor products for the markets, enable options for ethanol producers, enable routes for meeting RFS without compromising air quality, provide greater options for refiners and others in the fuel value chain --- and deliver avgas!
  • Addition of ethanol increases RVP. In order to meet RVP standard of the clean air act, refiners have to change the formulation in their BOB to include more expensive ingredients to counteract ethanol—this is one reason why refiners oppose it. Isobutanol on the other hand, lowers RVP. Moreover the oxygen content of 3.4%--the E10 blend wall, would be equate to a B16. In other words, a 16% butanol in gasoline would equate to 3.4% oxygen. 3.4% oxygen is 10 Ethanol. (Butanol has more carbons per oxygen, hence one can gets more fuel per oxygen). The green line is Butanol added to E10. Notice the RVP decrease.
  • Chemically, Gevo Avgas is nearly identical to existingPreliminary Static Engine Test Results: Plane built from Van’s Aircraft RV-6 kit with Superior Air Parts, Inc. SL360 engine Engine temperature and pressure monitored with JP Instruments EDM-700 Low and high RPM with plane wheels lockedPerformance of Gevo AvGas was indistinguishable from purchased 100 LL
  • 09 CeoMeeting- Session1- Gevo

    1. 1. Drop in Technologies to Produce<br />Butanols and Hydrocarbons<br />1<br />
    2. 2. Gevo: Who We Are …<br />gevo<br />Founded in 2005, based in Englewood, Colorado<br />Pilot plant, laboratory & office space totaling 30,000 square feet<br />1 million gallon per year demo plant in St. Joseph, MO with ICM<br />&gt;169 patents & applications including exclusive licenses from Caltech, UCLA (isobutanol pathway) and Cargill (cellulosic sugars)<br />Experienced & successful management team-over 150 years of experience in large scale industrial bioprocessing and renewable chemicals, fuels, plastics<br /><ul><li>Team has developed and commercialized biobased ethanol, lactic acid, PLA polymers, lysine, others
    3. 3. Successfully engineered, develop, implemented new yeast biocatalysts and processes</li></ul>53 employees<br />St. Joseph, MO<br />Englewood, CO<br />
    4. 4. Investors<br />gevo<br />34%<br />12%<br />8%<br />7%<br />1%<br />10%<br />
    5. 5. Partners<br />gevo<br />Most NA ethanol plants contain ICM technology<br />
    6. 6. Biomass to Hydrocabons<br />gevo<br />Corn<br />Fermentation<br />& Bioprocessing<br />Hydrocarbon<br />Processing<br />Sugar<br />Feedstock<br />Blendstocks & Fuels<br />Ag Residues<br />Wood<br />Chemical<br />Processing<br />Isobutanol<br />Isobutylene<br />Energy Crops<br />Chemicals and Materials<br />Solvents<br />Chemicals<br />Gevo’s Integrated Fementation Technology <br />GIFT®<br />
    7. 7. Products and Markets<br />
    8. 8. The Benefits of Isobutanol as an Oxygenate<br />gevo<br />Isobutanol Lowers RVP in Gasoline<br />E10<br />Benefits:<br />Lower RVP = easier to meet clean air act<br />Higher Energy Density= greater miles/gallon<br />Lower oxygen content = possibility for higher add’n rates<br />Lower water solubility = add at the refiner or blender<br />
    9. 9. Hydrocarbon Blendstocks & Fuels-Drop In Substitutions<br />gevo<br />Low RVP Bio-Blendstocks<br />Renewable Gasoline that meets ASTM Specs<br />Hydrocarbon fingerprint<br />Typical Refinery Fossil Gasoline<br />Gevo 90% Renewable Gasoline<br />
    10. 10. gevo<br />Gevo Jet Fuels-Designed and Drop in <br />C12 isoparaffins<br />Higher Flash point<br />Lower Freezing point<br />100% Renewable Carbon<br />C16 isoparaffins<br />GC-FID Agilent 7890A, DB-5 column, temperature program started at 40 °C heated up at 10 °C/min to 240 °C<br /><ul><li>Passed Tier 1 Testing
    11. 11. Passed Tier 2 Testing
    12. 12. Designer fuels</li></li></ul><li>Gevo Aviation Gasoline<br />gevo<br /><ul><li> Conventional 100 LL
    13. 13. Gevo AvGas</li></ul>isopentane<br />Gevo AvGas is renewable 91 UL:<br /><ul><li> 68% isooctane (MON ~93)
    14. 14. 10% toluene (MON ~115)
    15. 15. 22% isopentane (MON ~90)
    16. 16. MON = 91
    17. 17. Supercharge Octane Number = 96
    18. 18. No benzene, lead, or sulfur
    19. 19. >95% GHG emission reduction using corn stover</li></ul>isooctane<br />Distillation Curve<br />toluene<br />benzene<br />°C<br />% volume<br />
    20. 20. Bio-Diesel Esters Butanols<br />gevo<br />Bio-Diesel Blendstocks/Additives<br />-H2O<br />Isobutylene<br />Esters<br />Melting Point (°C)1<br />Cetane Number1<br />1 Fuel Processing Technology, 2005, 86, p.1059-1070 “Dependence of biodiesel fuel properties on the structure of fatty acid alkyl esters”<br />11<br />
    21. 21. Materials<br />gevo<br />Isobutanol<br />Isobutylene<br />
    22. 22. Technology<br />
    23. 23. Gevo Solutions Address Critical Issues of Advanced Biofuels<br />gevo<br />Gevo Solution<br />Challenges<br />Butanol<br /><ul><li>Low
    24. 24. Economic concentration is toxic to production organism
    25. 25. Difficult and expensive to remove water
    26. 26. High capital cost
    27. 27. Gevo’sIntegrated Fermentation Technology (GIFTtm)
    28. 28. Proprietary Biocatalyst—produces only isobutanol
    29. 29. Process removes isobutanol from water
    30. 30. Incremental capital add on to ethanol plants</li></ul>Hydrocarbons<br /><ul><li>Expensive processes, complex mixtures and separations
    31. 31. Toxic catalysts
    32. 32. Gevo’s Green Hydrocarbon Technology</li></li></ul><li>Creating an Ideal Biocatalyst<br />gevo<br />glucose<br />GLYCOLYSIS<br />CO2<br />Fermentable<br />Sugar<br />2 pyruvate<br />EtOH<br />Biocatalyst (E.coli or Yeast)<br />
    33. 33. Creating an Ideal Biocatalyst<br />gevo<br />glucose<br />GLYCOLYSIS<br />Any fermentable feedstock<br />2 pyruvate<br />X<br />ALS<br />EtOH<br />CO2<br />acetolactate<br />KARI<br />Titer of iBuOH<br />2,3-dihydroxy-isovalerate<br />DHAD<br />a-keto-isovalerate<br />KIVD<br />CO2<br />iBuOH<br />isobutyraldehyde<br />Biocatalyst (E.coli or Yeast)<br />ADH<br />isobutanol<br />
    34. 34. gevo<br />CO2<br />Jet Cooker<br />GIFT<br />GIFT®<br />DDGS<br />GIFT® Addition to Ethanol<br />From Fermenter<br />Vent<br />To Purification<br />To Fermenter<br />To Distillation<br />
    35. 35. St. Joseph, MO Demo Plant on Track Sept ‘09<br />gevo<br />Fermentation<br />5X 10,000 gallon<br />Milling<br />Seed Fermentation<br />
    36. 36. Isobutanol Fermentation Fits into a Ethanol Plant Footprint<br />gevo<br />Corn Dry Mill Target<br />170 g/l Achieved<br />&gt;3g/l/h Achieved<br />Isobutanol<br />Cellulosic Biomass Target<br />Gas Chromatograph of Fermentation Broth<br />Corn Dry Mill Target<br />95% Anaerobic Achieved<br />&gt;99.5% pure direct from <br />fermentation achieved<br />Source: Gevo Testing<br />
    37. 37. Gevo IP Portfolio Summary<br />gevo<br /><ul><li> Create advantaged, leveraged position
    38. 38. Protecting: Enzymes, Pathways, Organism, Fermentation, Bioprocess, Integrated Process, Compositions, Chemistry, and Products
    39. 39. Extending to C3, and C5 alcohols and derivatives</li></li></ul><li>Commercial Development<br />
    40. 40. Biomass to a Fuels and Chemicals Plant<br />gevo<br />Grain<br />Ethanol Plant<br />Sugar<br />Ag Residues<br />Wood<br />Energy Crops<br />Ethanol<br />Feed <br />Start with an ethanol plant<br />
    41. 41. Biomass to Multiple Fuels Plant<br />gevo<br />Grain<br />Isobutanol Plant<br />Sugar<br />Ag Residues<br />Wood<br />Energy Crops<br />Process Unit<br />Biocatalyst<br />Change<br />Isobutanol<br />Animal Feed <br />Convert it to isobutanol<br />
    42. 42. Biomass to Multiple Fuels Plant<br />gevo<br />Grain<br />Sugar<br />Chemistry Unit<br />Ag Residues<br />Isooctene<br />Isooctane<br />Jet<br />Diesel<br />Hydrocarbons<br />Wood<br />Energy Crops<br />Isobutanol<br />Animal Feed <br />Add a hydrocarbon processing unit<br />
    43. 43. Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions (Well to Wheels)<br />gevo<br />1st generation cellulose to Gevo fuel<br />Optimized cellulose or grain Gevo fuel<br />Values based on GREET model by Argonne National Laboratory except for “Grain to Isobutanol with Biomass Heat/Energy “ based on Econergy Study for ICM. Ethanol values converted to Gevo hydrocarbon basis using the energy requirement for Gevo hydrocarbon manufacture compared to the energy requirement for ethanol.<br />
    44. 44. Timeline<br />gevo<br />2009<br />2008<br />2012<br />2013<br />2014<br />2011<br />2010<br />Commercial and market development<br />Market entry <br /> Commercial growth of business<br /> Pilot Plant Scale<br />Demonstration Plant (1 MGY)<br />1st Commercial Plant (25-50 MGY)<br />2nd Plant (50 – 200 MGY TBD)<br />3rd - 10th Plants (50 – 200 MGY TBD)<br />
    45. 45. Patrick Gruber<br />pgruber@gevo.com<br />Thank You<br />

    ×