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Intution
Intution
Intution
Intution
Intution
Intution
Intution
Intution
Intution
Intution
Intution
Intution
Intution
Intution
Intution
Intution
Intution
Intution
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Intution

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  • 1. Intuition The heart has its reasons which reason does not know. Pascal, 1670. He that trusteth his own heart is a fool. Proverbs 28:36 How much do we know at any time? Much more, or so I believe, than we know we know! Agatha Christie, The Moving Finger Nothing is so difficult as not deceiving onself. Ludvig Wittgenstein
  • 2. Intuition: does it exist? General consensus that it exists but we have been wrong before. . . . . earth is flat . . . sun travels around earth. . . .
  • 3.
    • Intuition: what is it?
    • things tell you things
    • Implicit and unconscious, but depends on the 5 senses
    • Emotional (gut feeling) but has strong cognitive component
    • Error prone but do we ever say, “I just had a feeling in my gut…
    • that I was wrong about this?”
    • Slow to learn and hard to unlearn
    • Some people are just good at it, but develops with experience
    • Accessible to verbal articulation but self-report is fallacious
    • Leads to action except sometimes intuition is to not act
    • Occurs in split-second situations and develops slowly across time
    • things tell you things
  • 4.
    • Intuition: what else is it?
    • Increased alertness or vigilance
    • Higher level of motivation
    • Better social skills
    • More common sense
    • Greater awareness of the situation
    • Being more assertive
    • Having greater empathy
    • Being more focused
    • More dedicated and enthusiastic for role of cop
    • Having integrity; character
    • Complex pattern recognition
    • Complex emergent process
  • 5.
    • Intuition: where/when does it occur?
    • When are calm (and can observe more)
    • When in survival situation and need immediate decision
    • In crime scene investigation (that can go on for days or months)
    • When remain open to alternative hypotheses
    • In law enforcement, medicine, airport & border security:
    • car salesmen?
    • out hunting and feel (animal’s) eyes on you?
  • 6.
    • Intuition: is it learned or innate?
    • 20% have it
    • National Academy classes: 90% report experiencing
      • “ intuitive event”
    • People get better with experience and mentoring
    • Some people remain clueless even after years on the job
    • Has implications for training and assessment
  • 7. Intuition: is it learned or innate? Has implications for training and assessment learning genetics Area of the individual needs H X W to exist
  • 8. Intuition: what is it? Immediate insight without observation or reason Perception-like, rapid, effortless cognition leading to action Social intuition: sensing that something is not right Unconscious learning Complex pattern recognition Myers, D. G. (2002). Intuition: Its Powers and Perils . New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • 9.
    • Intuition: does it exist?
    • Science: if we can measure it
    • Describe operations of measurement
    • Agree that may not have consensus
    • other abstractions are measured:
    • time
            • general relativity theory
            • special relativity theory
            • intelligence
  • 10. Precedence exists “ However, the conviction remains that whenever we do use vision to become aware of objects or events, this must be accompanied by a corresponding visual experience. . . .The experiments reported here show that this belief is incorrect. In particular, some observers can consciously feel (or sense) a change in their surroundings even though they no visual experience of it. . . . “
  • 11. “ Forty naïve observers were tested. Observers viewed the display and were asked to press a response key twice. The first response was to be given when they sense a change – that is, had a “feeling” that a change was occurring. The second response key was to be given when they saw the change – that is, had a visual experience sufficient for a verbal description of the changing item. . . .” Rensink, R. A. (2004). Visual Sensing Without Seeing. Psychological Science, 15 , 27-32.
  • 12. Intuition: in controlled settings? Priming studies: Present a word on a screen (e.g., “bread”) too briefly for people to be able to verbally report the word – Then flash either “bubble” or “butter” briefly but slow enough that people can see it: Will see butter more easily (faster) than bubble Primed the word butter with a cue that person could not report seeing.
  • 13. Intuition: how can we research it? Descriptive studies: Who : experienced vs rookie men and women equally? bad guys and good guys When: repeated or seldom ET “ instantaneous” vs. slow realization Where: alone or with partner situations of high/low risk situations of high/low emotions at work or “all the time” with constant or with changing environments
  • 14.
    • Intuition: how can we research it?
    • Retrospective studies:
      • Self-report . . . . .
      • memory
      • reporting requirements
      • feedback
    Talking through; think aloud
  • 15.
    • Intuition: how can we research it?
    • Co relational studies:
    • Implicit and unconscious, but depends on the 5 senses
    • Emotional (gut feeling) but has strong cognitive component
    • Error prone but do we ever say, “I just had a feeling in my gut…that I was wrong about this?”
    • Slow to learn and hard to unlearn
    • Some people are just good at it, but develops with experience
    • Accessible to verbal articulation but self-report is fallacious
    • Leads to action except sometimes intuition is to not act
    • Occurs in split-second situations and develops slowly across time
    • Look for presence or absence of one to occur with presence or absence of the other: e.g., does intuition occur more often under stress or calm?
  • 16. Intuition: how can we research it? Experimental studies: Manipulate antecedents and measure behavior E.g., person observes complex scene (with low or high density of cues) and track eye movement as a function of the cues moving around in that environment. Vary the characteristics of the person – test the expert as well as the novice.
  • 17. “ Signal” “ Response” Present Absent No Yes Have no intuition and do not act. Have intuition and do not act. Have no intuition and still act. Have intuition and act on it.
  • 18. Future Directions Research Recommendations Research Priorities M.L.PANDIA

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