Disaster Management - Perspective Planning – GOI Initiatives National Institute for Disaster Management Ministry of Home Affairs, GOI
The Indian Context Area 3.2 m sq. kms. States & UTs 28 and 7 Capital Delhi Population (2001) One billion (25.7% Decadal G. Rate 21.34% Sex Ratio 933 /1000 Literacy rate 65.38% Coastline > 8000 Kms. Multi agroclimatic Multi lingual Multi ethnic Multi religious
Hazard Vulnerability in India 60% 8% 12% 16% 3%
The Reports of the High Powered Committee (HPC) and National Committee on Disaster Management (chaired by PM) identified wide-ranging issues and concerns and over last couple of years GOI adopted new approach:-
Shift in focus from reactive response oriented action to proactive prevention, preparedness and mitigation oriented action. Investments in mitigation more cost effective than expenditure on relief and rehabilitation .
Development cannot be sustainable unless disaster mitigation is built into development process.
National Emergency Management Authority (NEMA) set up at the national level with appropriate systems and resource linkages.
States asked to convert Departments of Relief and Rehabilitation into Departments of Disaster Management with wider Terms of Reference to include mitigation and vulnerability reduction- 11 States change over taken place.
States also asked to set up Disaster Management Authorities with the Chief Minister as the Head and Ministers of relevant Departments like Health, Agriculture, Water Resources, Home, Urban Development, PWD as Members. 10 States have notified
Guidelines issued to all Ministries/ State Governments:-
Wherever there is a shelf of projects, projects addressing mitigation will be given priority.
At least one Search & Rescue Unit comprising one coy of Armed Police, one engineering unit and one medical unit.
Ministry of Finance sanction -for procuring search & rescue equipment for these teams.
All projects in vulnerable areas must have disaster mitigation as a Term of Reference
States to set up District Control rooms under District Magistrates for both law and order/disaster management. 602 Emergency Operation Centers to be set up in 35 States and UT. 125 EOC to be set up under GoI/UNDP Project.
A National Steering Committee under the Home Secretary to oversee the creation of capabilities for emergency response.
National Emergency Response Force being constituted with state-of-the-art training and equipments.
8 bns being converted to specialist emergency teams. 3 training centers identified – NISA, Hyderabad, ITBP Training centre at Bhanu and CTC, Coimbatore. Training of Trainers completed at NISA, Hyderabad and ITBP Training Centre, Bhanu. Training of teams in progress.
Well equipped Regional Response Centers being set up – 12 already identified.
National Project for strengthening of emergency and fire services.
Project finalized to convert Fire Services into all hazard response units cost Rs.2457 crores).
Equipping and training of fire services for carrying out search and rescue in all types of disasters.
Filling up deficiencies in the availability of fire units as well as rescue equipments at sub-divisional and district level.
Provision of Hazmat vans in selected metropolitan cities .
Planning Commission has given in principle clearance—being posed to MOF
NBC Emergencies – out of the 8 bns, 4 bns to be trained and equipped for responding to NBC emergencies. BARC designated as nodal agency for training of trainers in nuclear emergencies. 48 trainers trained there.
TOTs for biological/chemical emergencies to be carried out at DRDE, Gwalior .
NISA, Hyderabad and ITBP Training Centre at Bhanu also to have faculties for training NBC teams.
India Disaster Resource Network - Establishment of web-enabled, centralized database for quick access to resources to minimize response time in emergencies [for the disaster managers at district/State/National level].
The IDRN is a live system providing for updating of inventory every year. Entries into the inventory are made at two levels – district and State level. It has 226 items.
An Earthquake Mitigation Project drawn up with estimated cost of Rs.1132 crores. In principle cleared by Planning Commission.
National Core Group for Earthquake Mitigation formed with eminent national experts and resource institutions as Members to draw up a strategy for mitigation, development of handbooks etc and evolve systems for training of municipal engineers.
Working with States in seismic zones III, IV and V for
review of Building Bye-laws,
Awareness generation and
training of engineers and masons
National Programme for Capacity Building in Earthquake Mitigation formulated for training of 10,000 engineers and architects.
Curriculum for inclusion of earthquake engineering aspects drawn up in consultation with IIT, Kanpur
AICTE advised to develop curriculum for inclusion of mitigation technologies in technical education
Steps initiated for examination of the structural safety of life-line buildings and public utilities from the seismic point of view.
Micro Zonation undertaken by Department of Science & Technology.