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Structuring a written argument 1213 copy

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Structuring a written  argument 1213 copy Structuring a written argument 1213 copy Presentation Transcript

  • from The Worst Mistake in the History of the Human Race by Jared Diamond
  • from The Worst Mistake in the History of the Human Race by Jared Diamond
  • from The Worst Mistake in Was life better for the History of the hunter-gatherers Human Race or by Jared Diamond farmers?
  • WRITING A THESISWrite a clear, concise and, thoughtful thesis that responds to thefollowing question: Is STAB a good school?
  • THESIS-WRITINGIn responding to a question, the thesis should contain twoparts: 1. Your stance/position on the topic 2.Your reasons (3)
  • WRITING A THESIS STAB is/is not a good schoolbecause...x_____, y_____,z_____.
  • BODY PARAGRAPHSTHESIS FORMAT:YOUR STANCE “because” x (reason 1), y (reason2), and z (reason 3).
  • BODY PARAGRAPHSTHESIS FORMAT:YOUR STANCE “because” x (reason 1), y (reason2), and z (reason 3).•Body Paragraph 1 (x!)
  • BODY PARAGRAPHSTHESIS FORMAT:YOUR STANCE “because” x (reason 1), y (reason2), and z (reason 3).•Body Paragraph 1 (x!) 1.Assertion (restatement of x!)
  • BODY PARAGRAPHSTHESIS FORMAT:YOUR STANCE “because” x (reason 1), y (reason2), and z (reason 3).•Body Paragraph 1 (x!) 1.Assertion (restatement of x!) 2.Evidence to support assertion (with footnotes!)
  • BODY PARAGRAPHSTHESIS FORMAT:YOUR STANCE “because” x (reason 1), y (reason2), and z (reason 3).•Body Paragraph 1 (x!) 1.Assertion (restatement of x!) 2.Evidence to support assertion (with footnotes!) 3.Concluding statement (ties argument back to thesis)
  • BODY PARAGRAPHSTHESIS FORMAT:YOUR STANCE “because” x (reason 1), y (reason2), and z (reason 3).•Body Paragraph 1 (x!) 1.Assertion (restatement of x!) 2.Evidence to support assertion (with footnotes!) 3.Concluding statement (ties argument back to thesis)•Body Paragraph 2?
  • Thesis:Cyrus the Great was one of the mostInfluential People in World History
  • Thesis:Cyrus the Great was one of the mostInfluential People in World History Reason #1: Cyrus was a Great Military Leader
  • Thesis:Cyrus the Great was one of the mostInfluential People in World History Reason #1: Cyrus was a Great Military Leader Evidence:
  • Thesis:Cyrus the Great was one of the mostInfluential People in World History Reason #1: Cyrus was a Great Military Leader Evidence: i. “About 553BC Cyrus rebelled against his overlord (Median king), and after a war lasting for three years, succeeded in overthrowing him.”
  • Thesis:Cyrus the Great was one of the mostInfluential People in World History Reason #1: Cyrus was a Great Military Leader Evidence: i. “About 553BC Cyrus rebelled against his overlord (Median king), and after a war lasting for three years, succeeded in overthrowing him.” ii.“His first target was the Lydian Empire in Asia Minor...by 546BC, Cyrus had conquered the Lydian Empire and made [king] Croesus his prisoner”
  • Thesis:Cyrus the Great was one of the mostInfluential People in World History Reason #1: Cyrus was a Great Military Leader Evidence: i. “About 553BC Cyrus rebelled against his overlord (Median king), and after a war lasting for three years, succeeded in overthrowing him.” ii.“His first target was the Lydian Empire in Asia Minor...by 546BC, Cyrus had conquered the Lydian Empire and made [king] Croesus his prisoner” iii.“Cyrus then turned his attention to the east, and in a series of campaigns subdued all of eastern Iran (Persia) and incorporated it into his empire.”
  • Thesis:Cyrus the Great was one of the mostInfluential People in World History Reason #1: Cyrus was a Great Military Leader Evidence: i. “About 553BC Cyrus rebelled against his overlord (Median king), and after a war lasting for three years, succeeded in overthrowing him.” ii.“His first target was the Lydian Empire in Asia Minor...by 546BC, Cyrus had conquered the Lydian Empire and made [king] Croesus his prisoner” iii.“Cyrus then turned his attention to the east, and in a series of campaigns subdued all of eastern Iran (Persia) and incorporated it into his empire.” iv. “With his rear protected, Cyrus could now concentrate on the richest prize of all, the wealthy Babylonian Empire.”
  • Reason #2: The “Benign Character” of Cyrus’ Rule
  • Reason #2: The “Benign Character” of Cyrus’ Rule Evidence:
  • Reason #2: The “Benign Character” of Cyrus’ Rule Evidence: “He was exceptionally tolerant of local religions and local customs.”
  • Reason #2: The “Benign Character” of Cyrus’ Rule Evidence: “He was exceptionally tolerant of local religions and local customs.” “He was disinclined to the extreme brutality and cruelty which characterized so many other conquerors.”
  • Reason #2: The “Benign Character” of Cyrus’ Rule Evidence: “He was exceptionally tolerant of local religions and local customs.” “He was disinclined to the extreme brutality and cruelty which characterized so many other conquerors.” “After Cyrus the Great had conquered Babylonia, he gave the Jews permission to return to their homeland”
  • Reason #2: The “Benign Character” of Cyrus’ Rule Evidence: “He was exceptionally tolerant of local religions and local customs.” “He was disinclined to the extreme brutality and cruelty which characterized so many other conquerors.” “After Cyrus the Great had conquered Babylonia, he gave the Jews permission to return to their homeland” “Even the Greeks, who for a long period considered the Persian Empire to be the chief threat to their own independence, never ceased to regard Cyrus as a thoroughly admirable ruler”
  • Reason #3: Cyrus’ empire endured and continued toexpand even after his death
  • Reason #3: Cyrus’ empire endured and continued toexpand even after his death Evidence:
  • Reason #3: Cyrus’ empire endured and continued toexpand even after his death Evidence: “In the middle of the third century BC, there was a rebellion against Selucid rule, led by Arsaces who claimed to descend from the Achaemenids (the dynasty of Cyrus). The kingdom founded by Arscases, the Parthian Empire, eventually gained control over Iran and Mesopotamia.”
  • Reason #3: Cyrus’ empire endured and continued toexpand even after his death Evidence: “In the middle of the third century BC, there was a rebellion against Selucid rule, led by Arsaces who claimed to descend from the Achaemenids (the dynasty of Cyrus). The kingdom founded by Arscases, the Parthian Empire, eventually gained control over Iran and Mesopotamia.” “In 224AD, the Arsacid rulers were replaced by...the Sassanids, who likewise claimed descent from the Achaemenids, and whose empire endured for over four centuries”
  • Reason #4: “The career of Cyrus the Great representsone of the major turning points of world history.”political structure of the ancient world.
  • Reason #4: “The career of Cyrus the Great representsone of the major turning points of world history.”political structure of the ancient world. Evidence:
  • Reason #4: “The career of Cyrus the Great representsone of the major turning points of world history.”political structure of the ancient world. Evidence: “From then on, neither Mesopotamia nor Egypt was the center of the civilized world, either politically or culturally.”
  • Reason #4: “The career of Cyrus the Great representsone of the major turning points of world history.”political structure of the ancient world. Evidence: “From then on, neither Mesopotamia nor Egypt was the center of the civilized world, either politically or culturally.” “Furthermore, the Semitic peoples who made up the bulk of the population of the Fertile Crescent were not to regain their independence for many centuries to come.”
  • Reason #4: The empire Cyrus establishedpermanently altered the political structure of theancient world.
  • Reason #4: The empire Cyrus establishedpermanently altered the political structure of theancient world. Evidence?
  • WRITING A THESIS: QUESTIONS
  • WRITING A THESIS: QUESTIONS “Should the United States government raise taxesfor those making $250,000 and above?”
  • WRITING A THESIS: QUESTIONS “Should the United States government raise taxesfor those making $250,000 and above?” “At what time should we start school?”
  • WRITING A THESIS: QUESTIONS “Should the United States government raise taxesfor those making $250,000 and above?” “At what time should we start school?” “Should your curfew be extended on weekends?”
  • BODY PARAGRAPHSTHESIS FORMAT:YOUR STANCE “because” x (reason 1), y (reason2), and z (reason 3).
  • BODY PARAGRAPHSTHESIS FORMAT:YOUR STANCE “because” x (reason 1), y (reason2), and z (reason 3).•Body Paragraph 1 (x!)
  • BODY PARAGRAPHSTHESIS FORMAT:YOUR STANCE “because” x (reason 1), y (reason2), and z (reason 3).•Body Paragraph 1 (x!) 1.Assertion (restatement of x!)
  • BODY PARAGRAPHSTHESIS FORMAT:YOUR STANCE “because” x (reason 1), y (reason2), and z (reason 3).•Body Paragraph 1 (x!) 1.Assertion (restatement of x!) 2.Evidence to support assertion (with footnotes!)
  • BODY PARAGRAPHSTHESIS FORMAT:YOUR STANCE “because” x (reason 1), y (reason2), and z (reason 3).•Body Paragraph 1 (x!) 1.Assertion (restatement of x!) 2.Evidence to support assertion (with footnotes!) 3.Concluding statement (ties argument back to thesis)
  • BODY PARAGRAPHSTHESIS FORMAT:YOUR STANCE “because” x (reason 1), y (reason2), and z (reason 3).•Body Paragraph 1 (x!) 1.Assertion (restatement of x!) 2.Evidence to support assertion (with footnotes!) 3.Concluding statement (ties argument back to thesis)•Body Paragraph 2?
  • THESIS AND BODYPARAGRAPHWhich is the most important trait ofcivilization and why?