Scientific revolution i 1011

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Transcript

  • 1. THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION: A REVOLUTION IN WORLDVIEW AP European History St. Anne’s-Belfield
  • 2. + = The Scientific Revolution was a continuation of the intellectualmovements which rose during the LateMiddle Ages, shaped the Renaissanceand Reformation, and came to destroy the medieval view of man and the universe
  • 3. + =
  • 4. + =The Scientific Revolution represents the greatest Westernrevolution in world view
  • 5. Importance and ability of the individual + = The Scientific Revolution represents the greatest Western revolution in world view
  • 6. Importance and ability of the individual + = (Renaissance Humanism) The Scientific Revolution represents the greatest Western revolution in world view
  • 7. Importance and ability of the individual + mechanistic view of the universe = (Renaissance Humanism) The Scientific Revolution represents the greatest Western revolution in world view
  • 8. Importance and ability of the individual + mechanistic view of the universe = (Renaissance Humanism) (Scientific Revolution) The Scientific Revolution represents the greatest Western revolution in world view
  • 9. Importance and ability of the individual + mechanistic view of the universe = Modern Worldview (Renaissance Humanism) (Scientific Revolution) (Modernism) The Scientific Revolution represents the greatest Western revolution in world view
  • 10. Importance and ability of the individual + mechanistic view of the universe = Modern Worldview (Renaissance Humanism) (Scientific Revolution) (Modernism) The Scientific Revolution represents the greatest Western revolution in world view Two things to remember about the Scientific Revolution. 1. It is a series of interconnected events which taken together profoundly changed the way Europeans saw the universe and their place in it 2. The Scientific Revolution was not intuitive
  • 11. Importance and ability of the individual + mechanistic view of the universe = Modern Worldview (Renaissance Humanism) (Scientific Revolution) (Modernism) The Scientific Revolution represents the greatest Western revolution in world view Two things to remember about the Scientific Revolution. 1. It is a series of interconnected events which taken together profoundly changed the way Europeans saw the universe and their place in it 2. The Scientific Revolution was not intuitive In what field of study did the Scientific Revolution begin?
  • 12. CO-MINGLING OFANCIENT THEORIES AND CHRISTIANITYcharacterize the medieval mind
  • 13. CO-MINGLING OFANCIENT THEORIES AND CHRISTIANITYcharacterize the medieval mind
  • 14. The GEOCENTRIC perspective of a fixed earth.This segment traces out the path of the Sun and Mars, showing Mars through one evolution of its retrograde motion as seen from the Earth. From this "geocentric" perspective, the trueorbital paths of Venus and Mercury trace out complex looping motions.
  • 15. What do you think Francis Bacon would havethought about Nicholas Copernicus and hisheliocentric theory?
  • 16. What do you think Francis Bacon would havethought about Nicholas Copernicus and hisheliocentric theory? But even though Aristotle were the man he is thought to be, I should still warn you against receiving as oracles the thoughts and opinions of one man. What justification can there be for this self- imposed servitude [that} . . . you are content to repeat Aristotles [thoughts] after two thousand [years]? But if you will be guided by me, you will deny, not only to this man but to any mortal now living or who shall live hereafter, the right to dictate your opinions. . . . You will never be sorry for trusting your own strength, if you but once make trial of it. You may be inferior to Aristotle on the whole, but not in everything. Finally, and this is the head and front of the whole matter, there is at least one thing in which you are far ahead of him-in precedents, in experience, in the lessons of time... Assert yourselves before it is too late. Apply yourselves to the study of things themselves. Be not forever the property of one man.
  • 17. Bacon’s Idols
  • 18. Bacon’s IdolsIdols of the Cave
  • 19. Bacon’s IdolsIdols of the Cave• Arise within the mind of the individual. Predispositions, biases created by education, interest, etc. that obstruct an individual’s reason and truth
  • 20. Bacon’s IdolsIdols of the Cave• Arise within the mind of the individual. Predispositions, biases created by education, interest, etc. that obstruct an individual’s reason and truthIdols of the Marketplace
  • 21. Bacon’s IdolsIdols of the Cave• Arise within the mind of the individual. Predispositions, biases created by education, interest, etc. that obstruct an individual’s reason and truthIdols of the Marketplace• The distortion of ideas created by trying to translate them into words
  • 22. Bacon’s IdolsIdols of the Cave• Arise within the mind of the individual. Predispositions, biases created by education, interest, etc. that obstruct an individual’s reason and truthIdols of the Marketplace• The distortion of ideas created by trying to translate them into wordsIdols of the Theater
  • 23. Bacon’s IdolsIdols of the Cave• Arise within the mind of the individual. Predispositions, biases created by education, interest, etc. that obstruct an individual’s reason and truthIdols of the Marketplace• The distortion of ideas created by trying to translate them into wordsIdols of the Theater• Ideas/theories/beliefs created in different fields that because they are defended by learned groups, are accepted without question by the masses. When false ideas/theories/beliefs are accepted by the masses, the are no longer questioned.
  • 24. What do you think Francis Bacon would havethought about Nicholas Copernicus and hisheliocentric theory?
  • 25. Galileo’s Findings• Venus• “Thought Experiment” using a ball and a horse• Sunspots
  • 26. Galileo’s Findings• Venus• “Thought Experiment” using a ball and a horse• SunspotsLessons to be drawn from scientific discoveries...
  • 27. Galileo’s Findings• Venus• “Thought Experiment” using a ball and a horse• SunspotsLessons to be drawn from scientific discoveries...The universe is physical (material) and mathematical,just like the earth and our bodies
  • 28. Galileo’s Findings• Venus• “Thought Experiment” using a ball and a horse• SunspotsLessons to be drawn from scientific discoveries...The universe is physical (material) and mathematical,just like the earth and our bodiesThe laws which govern the earth can be applied to therest of the universe (materialistic worldview)
  • 29. Galileo’s Findings• Venus• “Thought Experiment” using a ball and a horse• SunspotsLessons to be drawn from scientific discoveries...The universe is physical (material) and mathematical,just like the earth and our bodiesThe laws which govern the earth can be applied to therest of the universe (materialistic worldview)Mathematics and calculation must replace intuition
  • 30. What do you think Francis Bacon would havethought about Nicholas Copernicus and hisheliocentric theory?