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Pericles, and the golden age of athens 1213 copy
 

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    Pericles, and the golden age of athens 1213 copy Pericles, and the golden age of athens 1213 copy Presentation Transcript

    • THE PERSIAN WAR(S)Sunday, March 31, 13
    • THE PERSIAN WAR(S)1. What peoples fought in the Persian Wars?2. What Persian ruler led the first invasion? The second?3. Briefly describe the outcomes of the battles of Marathon,Thermopylae, and Salamis.Sunday, March 31, 13
    • THE PERSIAN WAR(S)1. What peoples fought in the Persian Wars?2. What Persian ruler led the first invasion? The second?3. Briefly describe the outcomes of the battles of Marathon,Thermopylae, and Salamis.Sunday, March 31, 13
    • Perecles and an Athenian EMpire World History 9 St. Anne’s-BelfieldSunday, March 31, 13
    • The Classical PeriodSunday, March 31, 13
    • The Classical Period Most historians date the Classical Age of Greek history 480-323BCE, beginning with the successful defense of the Greek homeland against the forces of the Persians.Sunday, March 31, 13
    • The Classical Period Most historians date the Classical Age of Greek history 480-323BCE, beginning with the successful defense of the Greek homeland against the forces of the Persians. Within this period is the Golden Age of Athens, from ca. 480BCE-430BCESunday, March 31, 13
    • PericlesSunday, March 31, 13
    • PericlesSunday, March 31, 13
    • Pericles Who was Pericles? (be specific!)Sunday, March 31, 13
    • Pericles Who was Pericles? (be specific!) An aristocrat who respected the common people,Sunday, March 31, 13
    • Pericles Who was Pericles? (be specific!) An aristocrat who respected the common people, An excellent orator who benefited from an education in philosophySunday, March 31, 13
    • Pericles Who was Pericles? (be specific!) An aristocrat who respected the common people, An excellent orator who benefited from an education in philosophy A successful generalSunday, March 31, 13
    • Pericles Who was Pericles? (be specific!) An aristocrat who respected the common people, An excellent orator who benefited from an education in philosophy A successful general What Athenian institution did Pericles use to rise to power?Sunday, March 31, 13
    • Pericles Who was Pericles? (be specific!) An aristocrat who respected the common people, An excellent orator who benefited from an education in philosophy A successful general What Athenian institution did Pericles use to rise to power? He made sense to aristocrats, farmers, and artisans alikeSunday, March 31, 13
    • Pericles Who was Pericles? (be specific!) An aristocrat who respected the common people, An excellent orator who benefited from an education in philosophy A successful general What Athenian institution did Pericles use to rise to power? He made sense to aristocrats, farmers, and artisans alike By Pericles’ time, actual executive power resided in a board of ten generals elected by the Popular Assembly.Sunday, March 31, 13
    • Pericles Who was Pericles? (be specific!) An aristocrat who respected the common people, An excellent orator who benefited from an education in philosophy A successful general What Athenian institution did Pericles use to rise to power? He made sense to aristocrats, farmers, and artisans alike By Pericles’ time, actual executive power resided in a board of ten generals elected by the Popular Assembly. In 461BCE, the Assembly elected Pericles as one of 10 generals.Sunday, March 31, 13
    • Pericles Who was Pericles? (be specific!) An aristocrat who respected the common people, An excellent orator who benefited from an education in philosophy A successful general What Athenian institution did Pericles use to rise to power? He made sense to aristocrats, farmers, and artisans alike By Pericles’ time, actual executive power resided in a board of ten generals elected by the Popular Assembly. In 461BCE, the Assembly elected Pericles as one of 10 generals. He was reelected year after year, effectively becoming the leader of Athens (not quite like a tyrant).Sunday, March 31, 13
    • Sunday, March 31, 13
    • Pericles had 3 goals- what were they?Sunday, March 31, 13
    • Pericles had 3 goals- what were they? 1. To strengthen democracySunday, March 31, 13
    • Pericles had 3 goals- what were they? 1. To strengthen democracy 2.To build a commercial empireSunday, March 31, 13
    • Pericles had 3 goals- what were they? 1. To strengthen democracy 2.To build a commercial empire 3.To glorify Athens at home and abroadSunday, March 31, 13
    • 1. To Strengthen DemocracySunday, March 31, 13
    • 1. To Strengthen Democracy Demokratia (direct democracy) became closely associated with Pericles.Sunday, March 31, 13
    • 1. To Strengthen Democracy Demokratia (direct democracy) became closely associated with Pericles. More so during the time of Pericles than ever before, what became the central political institution?Sunday, March 31, 13
    • 1. To Strengthen Democracy Demokratia (direct democracy) became closely associated with Pericles. More so during the time of Pericles than ever before, what became the central political institution? the Popular Assembly.Sunday, March 31, 13
    • 1. To Strengthen Democracy Demokratia (direct democracy) became closely associated with Pericles. More so during the time of Pericles than ever before, what became the central political institution? the Popular Assembly. Pericles helped make Athens one of the most truly democratic governments in world history. How?Sunday, March 31, 13
    • 1. To Strengthen Democracy Demokratia (direct democracy) became closely associated with Pericles. More so during the time of Pericles than ever before, what became the central political institution? the Popular Assembly. Pericles helped make Athens one of the most truly democratic governments in world history. How?Sunday, March 31, 13
    • 1. To Strengthen Democracy Demokratia (direct democracy) became closely associated with Pericles. More so during the time of Pericles than ever before, what became the central political institution? the Popular Assembly. Pericles helped make Athens one of the most truly democratic governments in world history. How? Again, where were Assembly meetings held?Sunday, March 31, 13
    • 2. To Build a Commercial EmpireSunday, March 31, 13
    • 2. To Build a Commercial EmpireSunday, March 31, 13
    • 2. To Build a Commercial Empire In 477BCE, the Delian League was formed.Sunday, March 31, 13
    • 2. To Build a Commercial Empire In 477BCE, the Delian League was formed. What was the purpose of this league?Sunday, March 31, 13
    • 2. To Build a Commercial Empire In 477BCE, the Delian League was formed. What was the purpose of this league? It was a voluntary alliance of Greek states eager to defend Greece against the Persian threat.Sunday, March 31, 13
    • 2. To Build a Commercial Empire In 477BCE, the Delian League was formed. What was the purpose of this league? It was a voluntary alliance of Greek states eager to defend Greece against the Persian threat. In less than 20 years, League forces led by the Athenians swept the Persians out of the entire Greek worldSunday, March 31, 13
    • 2. To Build a Commercial Empire In 477BCE, the Delian League was formed. What was the purpose of this league? It was a voluntary alliance of Greek states eager to defend Greece against the Persian threat. In less than 20 years, League forces led by the Athenians swept the Persians out of the entire Greek worldSunday, March 31, 13
    • 2. To Build a Commercial EmpireSunday, March 31, 13
    • 2. To Build a Commercial Empire Over time, how did the Athenians come to see the other members of the Delian League?Sunday, March 31, 13
    • 2. To Build a Commercial Empire Over time, how did the Athenians come to see the other members of the Delian League? What did Athens begin to demand from her sister League Members?Sunday, March 31, 13
    • 2. To Build a Commercial Empire Over time, how did the Athenians come to see the other members of the Delian League? What did Athens begin to demand from her sister League Members? Athens demanded annual contributions of soldiers and weapons in exchange for protection by Athens’ navySunday, March 31, 13
    • 2. To Build a Commercial Empire Over time, how did the Instead of military Athenians come to see forces, what did many the other members of the of the allies begin to Delian League? contribute? What did Athens begin to demand from her sister League Members? Athens demanded annual contributions of soldiers and weapons in exchange for protection by Athens’ navySunday, March 31, 13
    • 2. To Build a Commercial Empire Over time, how did the Instead of military Athenians come to see forces, what did many the other members of the of the allies begin to Delian League? contribute? What did Athens begin Greek allies decided to to demand from her contribute money instead of sister League Members? military forces. Athens demanded annual contributions of soldiers and weapons in exchange for protection by Athens’ navySunday, March 31, 13
    • Sunday, March 31, 13
    • What to do with the Money? Glorify Athens!Sunday, March 31, 13
    • What to do with the Money? Glorify Athens! Athenians used the money to build up and man their navy.Sunday, March 31, 13
    • What to do with the Money? Glorify Athens! Athenians used the money to build up and man their navy. The money collected each year from the subject states also helped to subsidize the reconstruction program following the Persian WarSunday, March 31, 13
    • What to do with the Money? Glorify Athens! Athenians used the money to build up and man their navy. The money collected each year from the subject states also helped to subsidize the reconstruction program following the Persian War Pericles ordered the construction of beautiful buildings on the Acropolis including the majestic new temple of Athena, Phidias’ Parthenon.Sunday, March 31, 13
    • What to do with the Money? Glorify Athens! Athenians used the money to build up and man their navy. The money collected each year from the subject states also helped to subsidize the reconstruction program following the Persian War Pericles ordered the construction of beautiful buildings on the Acropolis including the majestic new temple of Athena, Phidias’ Parthenon.Sunday, March 31, 13
    • What to do with the Money? Glorify Athens! Athenians used the money to build up and man their navy. The money collected each year from the subject states also helped to subsidize the reconstruction program following the Persian War Pericles ordered the construction of beautiful buildings on the Acropolis including the majestic new temple of Athena, Phidias’ Parthenon.Sunday, March 31, 13
    • 3. Glorify AthensSunday, March 31, 13
    • 3. Glorify Athens The economic advantages that empire brought to Athens also indirectly paid for…Sunday, March 31, 13
    • 3. Glorify Athens The economic advantages that empire brought to Athens also indirectly paid for… The festivals at which the great dramatic tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, and the comedies of Aristophanes were performed.Sunday, March 31, 13
    • 3. Glorify Athens The economic advantages that empire brought to Athens also indirectly paid for… The festivals at which the great dramatic tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, and the comedies of Aristophanes were performed. Money and power were prerequisites for the support of the arts and sciences…what external factor helped fuel the Golden Age of Athens?Sunday, March 31, 13
    • 3. Glorify Athens The economic advantages that empire brought to Athens also indirectly paid for… The festivals at which the great dramatic tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, and the comedies of Aristophanes were performed. Money and power were prerequisites for the support of the arts and sciences…what external factor helped fuel the Golden Age of Athens? The brightest and most creative artists and thinkers in the Mediterranean world were drawn to Athens.Sunday, March 31, 13
    • 3. Glorify Athens The economic advantages that empire brought to Athens also indirectly paid for… The festivals at which the great dramatic tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, and the comedies of Aristophanes were performed. Money and power were prerequisites for the support of the arts and sciences…what external factor helped fuel the Golden Age of Athens? The brightest and most creative artists and thinkers in the Mediterranean world were drawn to Athens. Without money and power, THE GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENS WOULD HAVE NEVER OCCURRED!Sunday, March 31, 13
    • The Golden Age of AthensSunday, March 31, 13
    • The Golden Age of Athens Besides economic prosperity, what ingredients made the Golden Age of Athens possible???Sunday, March 31, 13
    • The Golden Age of AthensSunday, March 31, 13
    • The Golden Age of AthensSunday, March 31, 13
    • The Golden Age of Athens Education (literacy) (appreciation for the arts)Sunday, March 31, 13
    • The Golden Age of Athens Education (literacy) (appreciation for the arts) Specialization of laborSunday, March 31, 13
    • The Golden Age of Athens Education (literacy) (appreciation for the arts) Specialization of labor CompetitionSunday, March 31, 13
    • The Golden Age of Athens Education (literacy) (appreciation for the arts) Specialization of labor Competition New ideas coming inSunday, March 31, 13
    • The Golden Age of Athens Education (literacy) (appreciation for the arts) Specialization of labor Competition New ideas coming in Freedom of thoughtSunday, March 31, 13
    • The Golden Age of Athens Education (literacy) (appreciation for the arts) Specialization of labor Competition New ideas coming in Freedom of thought Freedom of discussionSunday, March 31, 13
    • The Golden Age of Athens Education (literacy) (appreciation for the arts) Specialization of labor Competition New ideas coming in Freedom of thought Freedom of discussion Ability to publicly congregate and discussSunday, March 31, 13
    • The Golden Age of Athens Education (literacy) (appreciation for the arts) Specialization of labor Competition New ideas coming in Freedom of thought Freedom of discussion Ability to publicly congregate and discuss PeaceSunday, March 31, 13
    • The Golden Age of Athens Education (literacy) (appreciation for the arts) Specialization of labor Competition New ideas coming in Freedom of thought Freedom of discussion Ability to publicly congregate and discuss Peace Good leadershipSunday, March 31, 13
    • The Golden Age of Athens Education (literacy) (appreciation for the arts) Specialization of labor Competition New ideas coming in Freedom of thought Freedom of discussion Ability to publicly congregate and discuss Peace Good leadership LuckSunday, March 31, 13