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Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
Greek philosophy 1213
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Greek philosophy 1213

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  • 1. Peloponnesian War Other than believing it to be inevitable, WHY would Sparta and Athens have gone to war?Monday, April 15, 13
  • 2. PLAGUE AND PELOPONNESIAN WARMonday, April 15, 13
  • 3. PLAGUE AND PELOPONNESIAN WARMonday, April 15, 13
  • 4. SocratesMonday, April 15, 13
  • 5. SocratesMonday, April 15, 13
  • 6. Socrates What aspects of Socrates’ character or work embodied that which had made Athens so great during her Golden Age?Monday, April 15, 13
  • 7. Day 2Monday, April 15, 13
  • 8. Jacques-Louis David, Death of Socrates, 1787Monday, April 15, 13
  • 9. What does this 18th century painting say about the death of Socrates?Monday, April 15, 13
  • 10. Socrates Plato AristotleMonday, April 15, 13
  • 11. Plato’s Theory of FormsMonday, April 15, 13
  • 12. Plato’s Theory of Forms n Plato believed that perfect truth exists, but only in the “spiritual world of ideas”Monday, April 15, 13
  • 13. Plato’s Theory of FormsMonday, April 15, 13
  • 14. Plato’s Theory of Forms• Plato begins with the premise that intellectual truth is more true than physical truthMonday, April 15, 13
  • 15. Plato’s Theory of Forms• Plato begins with the premise that intellectual truth is more true than physical truth• Universal truths such as absolute beauty, goodness, and justice exist apart from our material reality and in a “spiritual world of ideals.”Monday, April 15, 13
  • 16. Plato’s Theory of Forms• Plato begins with the premise • The physical universe is that intellectual truth is more made up of imperfect copies true than physical truth of the “spiritual world of• Universal truths such as ideals” which only exists only absolute beauty, goodness, and in the mind of the creator justice exist apart from our material reality and in a “spiritual world of ideals.”Monday, April 15, 13
  • 17. Plato’s Theory of Forms• Plato begins with the premise • The physical universe is that intellectual truth is more made up of imperfect copies true than physical truth of the “spiritual world of• Universal truths such as ideals” which only exists only absolute beauty, goodness, and in the mind of the creator justice exist apart from our • The task for humans is to material reality and in a come to know the true “spiritual world of ideals.” reality- the essence of the ideas behind these imperfect reflectionsMonday, April 15, 13
  • 18. Plato’s Theory of FormsMonday, April 15, 13
  • 19. Plato’s Theory of Forms Close your eyes, and imagine someone who is kind...Monday, April 15, 13
  • 20. Plato’s Theory of Forms Close your eyes, and imagine someone who is kind...Monday, April 15, 13
  • 21. Plato’s Theory of Forms Close your eyes, and imagine someone who is kind... List the attributes of someone who is kind...Monday, April 15, 13
  • 22. Plato’s Theory of FormsMonday, April 15, 13
  • 23. Plato’s Theory of Forms • What is this a picture of?Monday, April 15, 13
  • 24. Plato’s Theory of Forms • What is this a picture of? ChairMonday, April 15, 13
  • 25. Plato’s Theory of Forms • What is this a picture of? What is a chair? ChairMonday, April 15, 13
  • 26. Plato’s Theory of Forms • What is this a picture of? What is a chair? •If “someone sits on” a desk, does it mean that the desk is a chair...? ChairMonday, April 15, 13
  • 27. Plato’s Theory of Forms • What is this a picture of? What is a chair? •If “someone sits on” a desk, does it mean that the desk is a chair...? • The chair can’t be defined as “something you sit on” since you can also sit on a desk, stairs, large rocks, benches, tree stumps, cars, your little brother or sister, etc…. ChairMonday, April 15, 13
  • 28. Plato’s Theory of Forms • What is this a picture of? What is a chair? •If “someone sits on” a desk, does it mean that the desk is a chair...? • The chair can’t be defined as “something you sit on” since you can also sit on a desk, stairs, large rocks, benches, tree stumps, cars, your little brother or sister, etc…. Chair What is a chair?Monday, April 15, 13
  • 29. Plato’s Theory of FormsMonday, April 15, 13
  • 30. Plato’s Theory of Forms Chairs can be used for purposes other than sitting!Monday, April 15, 13
  • 31. Plato’s Theory of Forms Chairs can be used for purposes other than sitting! A chair can be used to hold a door open. Monday, April 15, 13
  • 32. Plato’s Theory of Forms Chairs can be used for purposes other than sitting! A chair can be used to hold a door open.  A chair can be used to change a light bulbMonday, April 15, 13
  • 33. Plato’s Theory of Forms Chairs can be used for purposes other than sitting! A chair can be used to hold a door open.  A chair can be used to change a light bulb Chairs can vary!Monday, April 15, 13
  • 34. Plato’s Theory of Forms Chairs can be used for purposes other than sitting! A chair can be used to hold a door open.  A chair can be used to change a light bulb Chairs can vary! Chairs do not need to have four legs. They can have three legs, two legs even one leg or no legs at all. Monday, April 15, 13
  • 35. Plato’s Theory of Forms Chairs can be used for purposes other than sitting! A chair can be used to hold a door open.  A chair can be used to change a light bulb Chairs can vary! Chairs do not need to have four legs. They can have three legs, two legs even one leg or no legs at all.  Chairs do not need to be blue or brown or green or any color at all. Monday, April 15, 13
  • 36. Plato’s Theory of Forms Chairs can be used for purposes other than sitting! A chair can be used to hold a door open.  A chair can be used to change a light bulb Chairs can vary! Chairs do not need to have four legs. They can have three legs, two legs even one leg or no legs at all.  Chairs do not need to be blue or brown or green or any color at all.  Chairs do not nee to be made of wood or metal. Chairs could be made of clear glass, several large blocks. Monday, April 15, 13
  • 37. Plato’s Theory of Forms Chairs can be used for purposes other than sitting! A chair can be used to hold a door open.  A chair can be used to change a light bulb Chairs can vary! Chairs do not need to have four legs. They can have three legs, two legs even one leg or no legs at all.  Chairs do not need to be blue or brown or green or any color at all.  Chairs do not nee to be made of wood or metal. Chairs could be made of clear glass, several large blocks.  So what is a chair?Monday, April 15, 13
  • 38. Plato’s Theory of Forms Chairs can be used for purposes other than sitting! A chair can be used to hold a door open.  A chair can be used to change a light bulb Chairs can vary! Chairs do not need to have four legs. They can have three legs, two legs even one leg or no legs at all.  Chairs do not need to be blue or brown or green or any color at all.  Chairs do not nee to be made of wood or metal. Chairs could be made of clear glass, several large blocks.  So what is a chair? OR what is the essence of “chairness”?Monday, April 15, 13
  • 39. The Philosophy of AristotleMonday, April 15, 13
  • 40. The Philosophy of Aristotle n Aristotle did not accept Plato’s abstract theory of ideal Forms.Monday, April 15, 13
  • 41. The Philosophy of Aristotle n Aristotle did not accept Plato’s abstract theory of ideal Forms. n He, like Plato, believed in universal truths or Forms, but he believed that form and matter were inseparable.Monday, April 15, 13
  • 42. The Philosophy of Aristotle n Aristotle did not accept Plato’s abstract theory of ideal Forms. n He, like Plato, believed in universal truths or Forms, but he believed that form and matter were inseparable. – By examining individual objects closely, Aristotle believed that man could perceive their form and arrive at universal principles (truths)- these truths were part of the things themselves.Monday, April 15, 13
  • 43. The Philosophy of Aristotle n Aristotle did not accept Plato’s abstract theory of ideal Forms. n He, like Plato, believed in universal truths or Forms, but he believed that form and matter were inseparable. – By examining individual objects closely, Aristotle believed that man could perceive their form and arrive at universal principles (truths)- these truths were part of the things themselves. – Aristotle’s interests then lay in analyzing and classifying things based on investigation and thorough research. THE FATHER OF BIOLOGY!Monday, April 15, 13
  • 44. n This is a Renaissance painting by Rafael called the The School of Athens (1509-1510), located in the Vatican. n What aspects of the Classical Period of Greece is Rafael attempting to capture? n Greek philosophy? n `Monday, April 15, 13
  • 45. Who are these men? How do you know?Monday, April 15, 13
  • 46. Who are these men? How do you know?Monday, April 15, 13
  • 47. Who are these men? How do you know?Monday, April 15, 13
  • 48. Who are these men? How do you know?Monday, April 15, 13

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