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Geography of india 1213

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  • 1. THE GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA World History 9 St. Anne’s-BelfieldSaturday, January 5, 13
  • 2. Saturday, January 5, 13
  • 3. What does this map tell the reader?Saturday, January 5, 13
  • 4. THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENTSaturday, January 5, 13
  • 5. THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENTSaturday, January 5, 13
  • 6. THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENT! India makes up most of a vast subcontinent stretching almost 2,000 miles from North to South, 1,400 miles from the Arabian Sea to the Bay of BengalSaturday, January 5, 13
  • 7. THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENT! India makes up most of a vast subcontinent stretching almost 2,000 miles from North to South, 1,400 miles from the Arabian Sea to the Bay of Bengal! In area, the Indian Subcontinent is about 1/2 the size of the continental United States.Saturday, January 5, 13
  • 8. INDIAN SUBCONTINENTSaturday, January 5, 13
  • 9. INDIAN SUBCONTINENT The Indian Subcontinent has four distinct regions...Saturday, January 5, 13
  • 10. INDIAN SUBCONTINENT The Indian Subcontinent has four distinct regions... •The northern mountains (Himalayas and Hindu-Kush)Saturday, January 5, 13
  • 11. INDIAN SUBCONTINENT The Indian Subcontinent has four distinct regions... •The northern mountains (Himalayas and Hindu-Kush)Saturday, January 5, 13
  • 12. INDIAN SUBCONTINENT The Indian Subcontinent has four distinct regions... •The northern mountains (Himalayas and Hindu-Kush)Saturday, January 5, 13
  • 13. INDIAN SUBCONTINENT The Indian Subcontinent has four distinct regions... •The northern mountains (Himalayas and Hindu-Kush) •Indus-Ganges plain (Hindustan)Saturday, January 5, 13
  • 14. INDIAN SUBCONTINENT The Indian Subcontinent has four distinct regions... •The northern mountains (Himalayas and Hindu-Kush) •Indus-Ganges plain (Hindustan)Saturday, January 5, 13
  • 15. INDIAN SUBCONTINENT The Indian Subcontinent has four distinct regions... •The northern mountains (Himalayas and Hindu-Kush) •Indus-Ganges plain (Hindustan) •Deccan plateauSaturday, January 5, 13
  • 16. INDIAN SUBCONTINENT The Indian Subcontinent has four distinct regions... •The northern mountains (Himalayas and Hindu-Kush) •Indus-Ganges plain (Hindustan) •Deccan plateauSaturday, January 5, 13
  • 17. INDIAN SUBCONTINENT The Indian Subcontinent has four distinct regions... •The northern mountains (Himalayas and Hindu-Kush) •Indus-Ganges plain (Hindustan) •Deccan plateau •The coastal rimSaturday, January 5, 13
  • 18. INDIAN SUBCONTINENT The Indian Subcontinent has four distinct regions... •The northern mountains (Himalayas and Hindu-Kush) •Indus-Ganges plain (Hindustan) •Deccan plateau •The coastal rimSaturday, January 5, 13
  • 19. INDIAN SUBCONTINENT The Indian Subcontinent has four distinct regions... •The northern mountains (Himalayas and Hindu-Kush) •Indus-Ganges plain (Hindustan) •Deccan plateau •The coastal rimSaturday, January 5, 13
  • 20. INDIAN SUBCONTINENT The Indian Subcontinent has four distinct regions... •The northern mountains (Himalayas and Hindu-Kush) •Indus-Ganges plain (Hindustan) •Deccan plateau •The coastal rim Today the sub-continent consists of the modern nations of Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka and BangladeshSaturday, January 5, 13
  • 21. INDIAN SUBCONTINENT The Indian Subcontinent has four distinct regions... •The northern mountains (Himalayas and Hindu-Kush) •Indus-Ganges plain (Hindustan) •Deccan plateau •The coastal rim Today the sub-continent consists of the modern nations of Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka and BangladeshSaturday, January 5, 13
  • 22. THE INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATIONSaturday, January 5, 13
  • 23. THE INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION • The successful adaptation to the Indus Valley environment led to a sophisticated culture centered around two cities- Mohenjo- Daro and HarappaSaturday, January 5, 13
  • 24. THE INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION • The successful adaptation to the Indus Valley environment led to a sophisticated culture centered around two cities- Mohenjo- Daro and Harappa • Excavations of two of these cities, have provided most of our knowledge of this civilization.Saturday, January 5, 13
  • 25. THE INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION • The successful adaptation to the Indus Valley environment led to a sophisticated culture centered around two cities- Mohenjo- Daro and Harappa • Excavations of two of these cities, have provided most of our knowledge of this civilization.Saturday, January 5, 13
  • 26. THE DISAPPEARANCESaturday, January 5, 13
  • 27. THE DISAPPEARANCE ! Excavations of Mohenjo-Daro show clearly that decline had set in about 1800BC and the Indus Valley cities were abandoned sometime after 1800BCE.Saturday, January 5, 13
  • 28. THE DISAPPEARANCE ! Excavations of Mohenjo-Daro show clearly that decline had set in about 1800BC and the Indus Valley cities were abandoned sometime after 1800BCE. ! Archaeologists now they believe that this civilization suffered “systems failure”- the breakdown of the fragile interrelationship of the political, social, and economic systems that sustain order and prosperity.Saturday, January 5, 13
  • 29. THE DISAPPEARANCE ! Excavations of Mohenjo-Daro show clearly that decline had set in about 1800BC and the Indus Valley cities were abandoned sometime after 1800BCE. ! Archaeologists now they believe that this civilization suffered “systems failure”- the breakdown of the fragile interrelationship of the political, social, and economic systems that sustain order and prosperity. ! The precipitating cause may have been one or more natural disasters, such as an earthquake or flooding.Saturday, January 5, 13
  • 30. Saturday, January 5, 13
  • 31. AN EXAMPLE OF SANSKRIT TAKEN FROM THE RIG-VEDASaturday, January 5, 13