Tools for critical reflection Martin Locock June 2012 mlocock
Objectives•Understand how we use our time•Understand critical thinking and critical reflection•Apply a range of techniques to enhance reflection
Exercise 1: time allocationHow much of your time is spent:•preparing for activity (plan)•doing activity (do)•reviewing activity (reflect)•Compare with partner
Review Planning 10% 10%Type ALiving in the presentHurry sickness? Activity 80% Review 5%Type B Planning 35%Planning/doing Activity 60%Type C Review 15% Planning 25%Plan/Do/Reflect Activity 60%
Reviewing your time use• How much time spent doing is wasted?• How much time spent planning is wasted?• How much time spent reflecting is wasted?• Stephen Covey 7 Habits of Highly Effective People: sharpening the saw
Reflection• Should you spend more time reflecting?• Why can’t you spend enough time on it now? Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory David Allen Getting Things Done Photo: Sham Shaikh
Reasons not to reflect• Feels selfish?• Unproductive?• Can’t find time?• Risky?• Whose permission do you need to change your time use?
Critical thinking and critical reflectionCritical thinking“active interpretation and evaluation ofobservations” awareness of one’s own thoughtsand behaviour [‘meta awareness’]Present focusCritical reflectionpurposeful thought about experience tounderstand and learn for the futurePast / future focus
Critical thinking and reflectionSelf awareness - the internal narrativeBecoming self-aware in real timeCritical reflection - what did I learn? what did I do well? what should I do next?
Building a routine•Needs to work for you•Time, place, environment, materials•Regular / default behaviour - new habit•Make a commitment•Value success Stefan Sagmeister
Daily reflection• First 5 minutes• Waiting for computer to start• Things you plan to do today• Last 5 minutes• Things you plan to do tomorrow• Things you did today - reflection
Keeping a notebook• A working tool not a work of art• Be honest• Be reflective and analytical• Date your entries and review them• Can be questions• Can be action points
An effective diary•Day 1: three things I’m grateful for•Day 2: a great memory•Day 3: a future plan•Day 4: letter to someone•Day 5: review where you areFrom Richard Wiseman59 Seconds Stefan Sagmeister
Critical friendsWhat is a critical friend?Someone who will assist your personal developmentover the medium termProvides: trust, support, honesty, time = friendAnd: challenge, measure progress = criticalNot: information, advice, negative commentsWho makes a good critical friend?Not your bossNot your best friendWho?
Exercise 2: free writing : A current problemFree writing is a technique that allows you tofollow a line of thought without self-editing andwill often end by exposing an insight of whichyou were not consciously aware.•Select an issue (a current problem you arefacing)•Start writing what you think or feel about it•Don’t worry about structure, spelling or layout•Keep the pen moving across the page•Don’t go back to correct or erase•Defined timeFeedback?