The Ancient Israelites 2009
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The Ancient Israelites 2009

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This presentation covers material from Chapter 3 Section 1 and 2, Glencoe, Journey Across Time, 2005.

This presentation covers material from Chapter 3 Section 1 and 2, Glencoe, Journey Across Time, 2005.

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The Ancient Israelites 2009 The Ancient Israelites 2009 Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 3
    • C. 1400 B.C. – Israelites left Canaan because of a drought, head to Egypt
    • Canaan is located in southwest Asia
    • They were monotheistic
    • Their religion is now known as Judaism
    • They spoke Hebrew
    • They were descended from Abraham
    • Abraham is connected to all three monotheistic religions – Judaism, Christianity and Islam
    • Abraham’s descendants form the 12 tribes of Israel
    • Arrived in Egypt because of drought, became enslaved
    • Moses saved by the pharaoh’s daughter
    • 10 plagues of Egypt
    • C. 1290 – Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt, this was known as the Exodus
    • Laws received by Moses on Mt. Sinai
    • Laws became part of the Torah
    • Torah became holy book of the Hebrews
    • Torah describes covenant with God (Israelites return to Canaan)
    • Took 40 yrs. to return to Canaan
    • Israelites regained Jericho
    • Took judges as leaders
    • One group of Israelites, Phoenicians, were skilled sailors and traders
    • Phoenicians created an alphabet (basis for the English alphabet)
    • C. 1000 B.C. – Philistines were the strongest people in Canaan
    • The Israelites wanted a king to unite them against the Philistines
    • The prophet Samuel was asked to choose the King
    • Samuel warned against this
    • Israelites chose Saul, a warrior-farmer
    • Samuel anointed Saul
    • God displeased with Saul disobeying Him
    • Samuel anoints David as king
    • David defeats enemies and creates an empire
    • Requires tribute to be paid
    • Heavy taxes to expand Jerusalem, new capital
    • Wrote the Psalms
    • Solomon, his son, becomes king, after David died
    • Built Temple in Jerusalem
    • Known for his proverbs
    • Forced men to work in mines in nearby countries.
    • Empire divided after his death – Israel and Judah