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Chapter 13 section 1
 

Chapter 13 section 1

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Information was adapted from the textbook, "Journey Across Time," Glencoe, 2005.

Information was adapted from the textbook, "Journey Across Time," Glencoe, 2005.

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    Chapter 13 section 1 Chapter 13 section 1 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 13: Medieval Africa
      Section 1: The Rise of African Civilizations
    • Africa’s Geography
      Deserts – Sahara, Kalahari,
      Libyan, Namib
      Mediterranean climate –
      Morocco, Zimbabwe
      Rain Forest – Congo Basin
      Savanna – most of the continent of Africa
      2nd largest continent
    • Africa’s Geography
      Almost all of Africa is on a plateau
      Great Rift Valley – earliest human fossils found
    • West African Empires
      Berbers – first settlers in North Africa
      They traded with West Africans (400 B.C.)
      Used Camels that were
      intro. by the Romans
      Camels – ships of the desert
      Gold –Salt trade
    • West African Empires
      Ghana
      400’s
      Crossroads of trade
      Taxed traders
      Controlled people who owned gold mines, huge army, gold-salt trade
    • West African Empires
      Ghana fell – new gold mines found, fighting, farmed too much
      Mali – 1200’s
      Griots - storytellers
      Sundiata – Lion prince
    • West African Empires
      Mansa Musa
      Pilgrimage to Mecca
      Timbuktu – center of learning
      Songhai – 1330’s
      Sunni Ali
      Largest empire in West Africa
    • Rain Forest Kingdoms
      Benin – Niger Delta
      Founded 1440
      Food surpluses supported rulers and a class of artisans
      Kongo – Congo Basin
      Weavers
    • East Africa
      Ethiopia – Sheba
      Axum – city-state
      Trade on the Red Sea
      King Ezana – Christianity
      Arab sailors used dhows
    • East Africa
      Arab traders inter-married with African women – Swahili
      Great Zimbabwe
      Largest kingdom in East Africa – 1400’s
      Trade - gold, copper ivory
      Stone walled city