Chapter 13 section 1

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Information was adapted from the textbook, "Journey Across Time," Glencoe, 2005.

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Chapter 13 section 1

  1. 1. Chapter 13: Medieval Africa<br />Section 1: The Rise of African Civilizations<br />
  2. 2. Africa’s Geography<br />Deserts – Sahara, Kalahari, <br />Libyan, Namib<br />Mediterranean climate – <br />Morocco, Zimbabwe<br />Rain Forest – Congo Basin<br />Savanna – most of the continent of Africa<br />2nd largest continent<br />
  3. 3. Africa’s Geography<br />Almost all of Africa is on a plateau<br />Great Rift Valley – earliest human fossils found<br />
  4. 4. West African Empires<br />Berbers – first settlers in North Africa<br />They traded with West Africans (400 B.C.)<br />Used Camels that were <br />intro. by the Romans<br />Camels – ships of the desert<br />Gold –Salt trade<br />
  5. 5. West African Empires<br />Ghana<br />400’s<br />Crossroads of trade<br />Taxed traders<br />Controlled people who owned gold mines, huge army, gold-salt trade<br />
  6. 6. West African Empires<br />Ghana fell – new gold mines found, fighting, farmed too much<br />Mali – 1200’s<br />Griots - storytellers<br />Sundiata – Lion prince<br />
  7. 7. West African Empires<br />Mansa Musa<br />Pilgrimage to Mecca<br />Timbuktu – center of learning <br />Songhai – 1330’s<br />Sunni Ali<br />Largest empire in West Africa<br />
  8. 8. Rain Forest Kingdoms<br />Benin – Niger Delta<br />Founded 1440<br />Food surpluses supported rulers and a class of artisans<br />Kongo – Congo Basin<br />Weavers<br />
  9. 9. East Africa<br />Ethiopia – Sheba<br />Axum – city-state<br />Trade on the Red Sea<br />King Ezana – Christianity<br />Arab sailors used dhows<br />
  10. 10. East Africa<br />Arab traders inter-married with African women – Swahili<br />Great Zimbabwe<br />Largest kingdom in East Africa – 1400’s<br />Trade - gold, copper ivory<br />Stone walled city<br />

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