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Orongo, Kenya Agriculture
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Orongo, Kenya Agriculture

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Created April 2010 for the class Cropping Systems of the Tropics 377 at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Uploaded by Mark Liu. Orongo is a village our university's Engineers Without Borders …

Created April 2010 for the class Cropping Systems of the Tropics 377 at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Uploaded by Mark Liu. Orongo is a village our university's Engineers Without Borders chapter works in. 90% of the pictures are taken from Mark's trips to Orongo.

Published in: Education

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Transcript

  • 1. Orongo, Kenya
  • 2. Location
    •  
  • 3. Landscape 
      • Field next to lake Victoria located in the Flood plain
    •  
      • Houses away from the flood plain
    •  
      •   Field next to the house
    •  
      • Grazing land around the houses
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7. Soil
      • Soils rejuvinated 
      • Highly weathered
      • Ferrosols, Cambisols, Nitisols
      • Large clay content
        • Red and yellowish colors
  • 8. Animals 
      • GOATS - Usually from 2 to 5 goats/farm.
      • CHICKEN - Around 5
    •  
    •  
      • Goats grazing around the farm
      • Have to pay a child or an old person to look after them during the day
      •   Manure can be used in the garden
    •  
    •  
      • No animals used for labor
      • Kind of a bank account - Insurance
      • Can sell them on the market
      • Eat them for special occasions
    •  
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14. Labor 
      • Export of male labor into cities
      • HIV/AIDS prevalent 
        • Highest rate of HIV in Kenya
      • Most of the agriculture has shifted to the women
      • Hand Labor:  Mornings and Evenings.
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17. Market      
      • 5 miles southeast from Kisumu
      • Majority subsistence farming
      • Distributors come in to buy
      • Transporting often difficult
      • Biking, walking
      • Matatu
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22.  
  • 23. Cropping calendar
    • Long term proposed farming practices
    •     -3 phases
    •     -each phase takes several years
    •     -goal is poverty alleviation
  • 24. Why Sustenance Farming Is No Longer Suitable
      • Near the city Kisumu, so they desire technology
      • Expanding population with limited land
      • HIV/AIDS and increased medical costs
      • Increased school fees
  • 25. Climate
    •  
  • 26.  
  • 27.  
  • 28. Cropping Calendar - Phase 1
      • Peanut-Corn intercropping during long rains
      • Corn-Cowpeas intercropping during short rains
      • Grow a living fence around home
    •  
    •  
  • 29. Cropping Calendar - Phase 1
  • 30. Cropping Calendar - Phase 2
      • Everything grown in fields near the home
      • Leucaena-Corn intercropping during both rainy seasons
      • Fruit trees
      • Save money
    •  
    •  
    •  
  • 31. Cropping Calendar - Phase 2
  • 32. Cropping Calendar - Phase 3
      • Everything grown in fields near the home
      • Leucaena-Corn intercropping during both rainy seasons
      • Fruit trees
      • Install pump or rainwater catchment system
      • Profitable crops such as peppers, onions, and watermelon
      • Dairy Farming
    •  
    •  
  • 33. Cropping calendar - Phase 3
  • 34. Thank You! Asante Sana! Erokamano Ahinya!