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<ul><ul><li>Networked Politics & Technology Seminar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Berkeley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2008-12...
Original photo by Brooke Novak · Licensed under  CC BY  ·  http://flickr.com/photos/brookenovak/337889974/ I AM NOT A
... and this is a little far afield from a normal CC presentation. The most important (and CC-relevant) takeaway is that b...
“Napster politics are brutally boring” Lucas Gonze
So let’s talk about a crusade for the soul of techno-politics, not a battle over bits.
Example threats and fears
Cyber terrorism
Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on)
Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches
Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches Loss of Generativity
Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches Loss of Generativity Lock-in
Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches Loss of Generativity Lock-in Surveillance
Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches Loss of Generativity Lock-in Surveillance DRM
Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches Loss of Generativity Lock-in Surveillance DRM Censorship
Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches Loss of Generativity Lock-in Surveillance DRM Censorship Suppressio...
Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches Loss of Generativity Lock-in Surveillance DRM Censorship Suppressio...
Threat categories <ul><li>Legitimate security issues </li></ul><ul><li>Protectionism </li></ul><ul><li>Politics and power ...
Healthy techno-politics <ul><li>Keep same rights online/digitally that we (should anyway) have offline/IRL </li></ul><ul><...
How building the commons (free software, free culture, and friends) helps
Security <ul><li>Data shows FLOSS is more secure </li></ul><ul><li>Security through obscurity doesn’t work </li></ul><ul><...
Protectionism <ul><li>Peer production undermines policy arguments for protecting knowledge industries </li></ul><ul><li>Fr...
Politics and power <ul><li>Free software and culture improve transparency </li></ul><ul><li>... and the ability of all to ...
Security theater and fear <ul><li>Access to facts mitigates fear and allows rational evaluation of responses </li></ul><ul...
What about network services?  The Commons Lost ? <ul><li>No access to source code of web applications ( none  of the four ...
Autonomy in a network services environment <ul><li>Network application providers should publish source code of running app...
Network services freedom: early efforts <ul><li>AGPL </li></ul><ul><li>Franklin Street Declaration </li></ul><ul><li>Open ...
Some network services open issues <ul><li>Governance of centralized services? </li></ul><ul><li>To what extent are complet...
Photo by RocketRaccoon · Licensed under  CC BY  ·  http://flickr.com/photos/rocketraccoon/227241974/
Nagging question relevant to the development of techno-politics over last ~10 years: To what extent has the attempt to sup...
Can the success of the (digital) commons alter how we view freedom and power generally?
<ul><li>“The gate that has held the movements for equalization of human beings strictly in a dilemma between ineffectivene...
<ul><li>“If we don’t want to live in a jungle, we must change our attitudes. We must start sending the message that a good...
 
What is the future of techno-politics? <ul><li>I don’t know </li></ul><ul><li>Have a good idea of what we need to do to ma...
So Create! (and learn/experience so you can teach/recommend free software and free culture when appropriate)
Building the commons is key to the future of healthy network politics <ul><li>Politicians and corporations are unimaginati...
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The Commons - Networked Politics & Technology Seminar

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Transcript of "The Commons - Networked Politics & Technology Seminar"

  1. 1. <ul><ul><li>Networked Politics & Technology Seminar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Berkeley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2008-12-06 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Battle Over Bits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Commons: A Culture for Healthy Techno-Politics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mike Linksvayer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative Commons </li></ul></ul>Photo by asadal · Licensed under CC Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 · http://flickr.com/photos/68242677@N00/2117153416/
  2. 2. Original photo by Brooke Novak · Licensed under CC BY · http://flickr.com/photos/brookenovak/337889974/ I AM NOT A
  3. 3. ... and this is a little far afield from a normal CC presentation. The most important (and CC-relevant) takeaway is that building the commons now is critical to the future of techno-politics turning out well ... as opposed to Orwell!
  4. 4. “Napster politics are brutally boring” Lucas Gonze
  5. 5. So let’s talk about a crusade for the soul of techno-politics, not a battle over bits.
  6. 6. Example threats and fears
  7. 7. Cyber terrorism
  8. 8. Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on)
  9. 9. Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches
  10. 10. Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches Loss of Generativity
  11. 11. Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches Loss of Generativity Lock-in
  12. 12. Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches Loss of Generativity Lock-in Surveillance
  13. 13. Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches Loss of Generativity Lock-in Surveillance DRM
  14. 14. Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches Loss of Generativity Lock-in Surveillance DRM Censorship
  15. 15. Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches Loss of Generativity Lock-in Surveillance DRM Censorship Suppression of innovation
  16. 16. Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches Loss of Generativity Lock-in Surveillance DRM Censorship Suppression of innovation Electoral fraud
  17. 17. Threat categories <ul><li>Legitimate security issues </li></ul><ul><li>Protectionism </li></ul><ul><li>Politics and power </li></ul><ul><li>Security theater and fear-based responses (driven by all of above, not just legitimate security issues) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Healthy techno-politics <ul><li>Keep same rights online/digitally that we (should anyway) have offline/IRL </li></ul><ul><li>Permit innovation and participation enabled by digital world even if not possible before </li></ul><ul><li>Take advantage of (2) like crazy! </li></ul>
  19. 19. How building the commons (free software, free culture, and friends) helps
  20. 20. Security <ul><li>Data shows FLOSS is more secure </li></ul><ul><li>Security through obscurity doesn’t work </li></ul><ul><li>FLOSS encourages a heterogeneous computing environment </li></ul><ul><li>Free software and free culture both allergic to DRM and other mechanisms that sacrifice security to other goals </li></ul>
  21. 21. Protectionism <ul><li>Peer production undermines policy arguments for protecting knowledge industries </li></ul><ul><li>Free software and free culture both allergic to DRM </li></ul>
  22. 22. Politics and power <ul><li>Free software and culture improve transparency </li></ul><ul><li>... and the ability of all to participate </li></ul><ul><li>Peer production works against concentrated power — doesn’t require concentrated production structures and lowers barriers to entry </li></ul>
  23. 23. Security theater and fear <ul><li>Access to facts mitigates fear and allows rational evaluation of responses </li></ul><ul><li>Commons work against three previous threats that drive security theater and fear </li></ul>
  24. 24. What about network services? The Commons Lost ? <ul><li>No access to source code of web applications ( none of the four freedoms!) </li></ul><ul><li>Application, data, content, even identifiers, all available at the whim of service provider </li></ul><ul><li>Non-transparent, security through obscurity </li></ul><ul><li>Subject to centralized failure, state meddling </li></ul>
  25. 25. Autonomy in a network services environment <ul><li>Network application providers should publish source code of running application under a free license </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboratively created content should be available under a free license </li></ul><ul><li>Private data should be available for on-demand export </li></ul><ul><li>Possibly most explicit linkage of free software and free culture yet </li></ul>
  26. 26. Network services freedom: early efforts <ul><li>AGPL </li></ul><ul><li>Franklin Street Declaration </li></ul><ul><li>Open Software Service Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Example compliant applications: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia (!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identi.ca </li></ul></ul><ul><li>See http://autonomo.us for ongoing discussion </li></ul>
  27. 27. Some network services open issues <ul><li>Governance of centralized services? </li></ul><ul><li>To what extent are completely decentralized services required to maintain freedom? </li></ul><ul><li>Much more experience is required! </li></ul>
  28. 28. Photo by RocketRaccoon · Licensed under CC BY · http://flickr.com/photos/rocketraccoon/227241974/
  29. 29. Nagging question relevant to the development of techno-politics over last ~10 years: To what extent has the attempt to suppress P2P negatively impacted the development of completely decentralized applications, shaped “Web 2.0”, and added to the network services challenge?
  30. 30. Can the success of the (digital) commons alter how we view freedom and power generally?
  31. 31. <ul><li>“The gate that has held the movements for equalization of human beings strictly in a dilemma between ineffectiveness and violence has now been opened. The reason is that we have shifted to a zero marginal cost world. As steel is replaced by software, more and more of the value in society becomes non-rivalrous: it can be held by many without costing anybody more than if it is held by a few.” </li></ul><ul><li>Eben Moglen </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>“If we don’t want to live in a jungle, we must change our attitudes. We must start sending the message that a good citizen is one who cooperates when appropriate, not one who is successful at taking from others.” </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Stallman </li></ul>
  33. 34. What is the future of techno-politics? <ul><li>I don’t know </li></ul><ul><li>Have a good idea of what we need to do to make it a good future </li></ul><ul><li>It is truly wonderful that creating free software and free culture has a side effect of facilitating healthy techno-political outcomes </li></ul>
  34. 35. So Create! (and learn/experience so you can teach/recommend free software and free culture when appropriate)
  35. 36. Building the commons is key to the future of healthy network politics <ul><li>Politicians and corporations are unimaginative ... they need to see solutions, or they react in fear </li></ul><ul><li>A dominant commons makes many closed net scenarios much less likely </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation Lic ense ... http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ </li></ul><ul><li>Attribution ... Author: Mike Linksvayer; Link: http://creativecommons.org </li></ul><ul><li>Questions? ... ml@creativecommons.org </li></ul>
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