Program For The Future: The Commons as a collective intelligence meta-innovation
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Program For The Future: The Commons as a collective intelligence meta-innovation

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    Program For The Future: The Commons as a collective intelligence meta-innovation Program For The Future: The Commons as a collective intelligence meta-innovation Presentation Transcript

        • Program for the Future
        • A Summit & Workshop on Collective Intelligence
        • 2008-12-09
        • The Commons as a collective intelligence meta-innovation
        • Mike Linksvayer
        • Creative Commons
      Photo by asadal · Licensed under CC Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 · http://flickr.com/photos/68242677@N00/2117153416/
    • Creative Commons .ORG
      • Nonprofit organization, launched to public December 2002
      • HQ and ccLearn in San Francisco
      • Science Commons division at MIT
      • ~60 international jurisdiction projects, coordinated from Berlin
      • Foundation, corporate, and individual funding
      • Born at Stanford, supported by Silicon Valley
    • Enabling Reasonable Copyright
      • Space between ignoring copyright and ignoring fair use & public good
      • Legal and technical tools enabling a “Some Rights Reserved” model
      • Like “free software” or “open source” for content/media
        • But with more restrictive options
        • Media is more diverse and at least a decade(?) behind software
    • Six Mainstream Licenses
    • Lawyer Readable
    • Human Readable
    • Machine Readable <rdf:RDF xmlns=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;> <License rdf:about=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/nl/&quot;> <permits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#Reproduction&quot;/> <permits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#Distribution&quot;/> <requires rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#Notice&quot;/> <requires rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#Attribution&quot;/> <prohibits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#CommercialUse&quot;/> <permits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#DerivativeWorks&quot;/> <requires rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#ShareAlike&quot;/> </License> </rdf:RDF>
    • Machine Readable (Work)
        • <span xmlns:cc=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; xmlns:dc=&quot;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/&quot;> <span rel=&quot; dc:type &quot; href=&quot; http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/Text &quot; property=&quot; dc:title &quot; > My Book </span> by <a rel=&quot; cc:attributionURL &quot; property=&quot; cc:attributionName &quot; href=&quot; http://example.org/me &quot;> My Name </a> is licensed under a <a rel=&quot; license &quot; href=&quot; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ &quot; >Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License</a>. <span rel=&quot; dc:source &quot; href=&quot; http://example.net/her_book &quot; /> Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at <a rel=&quot; cc:morePermissions &quot; href=&quot; http://example.com/revenue_sharing_agreement &quot;>example.com</a>. </span>
    • DRMfree “ DRM Voodo” by psd licensed under CC BY 2.0 http://flickr.com/photos/psd/1806247462/
    • In Innovation, Meta is Max
      • “The max net-impact innovations, by far, have been meta-innovations, i.e., innovations that changed how fast other innovations accumulated.”
      • Robin Hanson (Economist)
      • http://www.overcomingbias.com/2008/06/meta-is-max---i.html
    • Collective Intelligence
      • Meta innovation?
    • Commons
      • Meta innovation for Collective Intelligence?
    • $2.2 trillion
      • Value of fair use in the U.S. Economy
      • http://www.ccianet.org/artmanager/publish/news/First-Ever_Economic_Study_Calculates_Dollar_Value_of.shtml also see http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/7643
    •  
    •  
    • Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches Loss of Generativity Lock-in Surveillance DRM Censorship Suppression of innovation Electoral fraud
    • Threat categories
      • Legitimate security issues
      • Protectionism
      • Politics and power
      • Security theater and fear-based responses (driven by all of above, not just legitimate security issues)
    • What digital freedoms needed for beneficial collective intelligence?
      • Keep same rights online/digitally that we (should anyway) have offline/IRL
      • Permit innovation and participation enabled by digital world even if not possible before (probably follows from above)
    • How building the commons (free software, free culture, and friends) helps
    • Security
      • Data shows FLOSS is more secure
      • Security through obscurity doesn’t work
      • FLOSS encourages a heterogeneous computing environment
      • Free software and free culture both allergic to DRM and other mechanisms that sacrifice security to other goals
    • Protectionism
      • Peer production undermines policy arguments for protecting knowledge industries
      • Free software and free culture both allergic to DRM
    • Politics and power
      • Free software and culture improve transparency
      • ... and the ability of all to participate
      • Peer production works against concentrated power — doesn’t require concentrated production structures and lowers barriers to entry
    • Security theater and fear
      • Access to facts mitigates fear and allows rational evaluation of responses
      • Commons work against three previous threats that drive security theater and fear
    • Can the success of the (digital) commons alter how we view freedom and power generally?
      • “The gate that has held the movements for equalization of human beings strictly in a dilemma between ineffectiveness and violence has now been opened. The reason is that we have shifted to a zero marginal cost world. As steel is replaced by software, more and more of the value in society becomes non-rivalrous: it can be held by many without costing anybody more than if it is held by a few.”
      • Eben Moglen
      • “If we don’t want to live in a jungle, we must change our attitudes. We must start sending the message that a good citizen is one who cooperates when appropriate, not one who is successful at taking from others.”
      • Richard Stallman
    • i.e., we can form collective intelligences instead of forced collectives ... and still “change the world”
    •  
    • Building the commons is key to the future of collective intelligence
      • Politicians and corporations are unimaginative ... they need to see solutions, or they react in fear
      • A dominant commons makes many collective stupidity scenarios much less likely
      • Beneficial collective intelligence needs universal access to culture, educational resources, research ... in machine-readable form
    • Much less Meta ... 2 of the excellent bootstrap(?) tools CC uses and builds
      • Semantic MediaWiki ... turn your MediaWiki into a database and database application platform
      • RDFa ... bridging the Semantic Web and the Web we all use
      • License
      • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/
      • Attribution
      • Author: Mike Linksvayer
      • Link: http://creativecommons.org
      • Questions?
      • [email_address]
      Detail of image by psd · Licensed under CC Attribution 2.0 · http://flickr.com/photos/psd/1805374441