Program For The Future: The Commons as a collective intelligence meta-innovation
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Program For The Future: The Commons as a collective intelligence meta-innovation Presentation Transcript

  • 1.
      • Program for the Future
      • A Summit & Workshop on Collective Intelligence
      • 2008-12-09
      • The Commons as a collective intelligence meta-innovation
      • Mike Linksvayer
      • Creative Commons
    Photo by asadal · Licensed under CC Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 · http://flickr.com/photos/68242677@N00/2117153416/
  • 2. Creative Commons .ORG
    • Nonprofit organization, launched to public December 2002
    • HQ and ccLearn in San Francisco
    • Science Commons division at MIT
    • ~60 international jurisdiction projects, coordinated from Berlin
    • Foundation, corporate, and individual funding
    • Born at Stanford, supported by Silicon Valley
  • 3. Enabling Reasonable Copyright
    • Space between ignoring copyright and ignoring fair use & public good
    • Legal and technical tools enabling a “Some Rights Reserved” model
    • Like “free software” or “open source” for content/media
      • But with more restrictive options
      • Media is more diverse and at least a decade(?) behind software
  • 4. Six Mainstream Licenses
  • 5. Lawyer Readable
  • 6. Human Readable
  • 7. Machine Readable <rdf:RDF xmlns=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;> <License rdf:about=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/nl/&quot;> <permits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#Reproduction&quot;/> <permits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#Distribution&quot;/> <requires rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#Notice&quot;/> <requires rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#Attribution&quot;/> <prohibits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#CommercialUse&quot;/> <permits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#DerivativeWorks&quot;/> <requires rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#ShareAlike&quot;/> </License> </rdf:RDF>
  • 8. Machine Readable (Work)
      • <span xmlns:cc=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; xmlns:dc=&quot;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/&quot;> <span rel=&quot; dc:type &quot; href=&quot; http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/Text &quot; property=&quot; dc:title &quot; > My Book </span> by <a rel=&quot; cc:attributionURL &quot; property=&quot; cc:attributionName &quot; href=&quot; http://example.org/me &quot;> My Name </a> is licensed under a <a rel=&quot; license &quot; href=&quot; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ &quot; >Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License</a>. <span rel=&quot; dc:source &quot; href=&quot; http://example.net/her_book &quot; /> Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at <a rel=&quot; cc:morePermissions &quot; href=&quot; http://example.com/revenue_sharing_agreement &quot;>example.com</a>. </span>
  • 9. DRMfree “ DRM Voodo” by psd licensed under CC BY 2.0 http://flickr.com/photos/psd/1806247462/
  • 10. In Innovation, Meta is Max
    • “The max net-impact innovations, by far, have been meta-innovations, i.e., innovations that changed how fast other innovations accumulated.”
    • Robin Hanson (Economist)
    • http://www.overcomingbias.com/2008/06/meta-is-max---i.html
  • 11. Collective Intelligence
    • Meta innovation?
  • 12. Commons
    • Meta innovation for Collective Intelligence?
  • 13. $2.2 trillion
    • Value of fair use in the U.S. Economy
    • http://www.ccianet.org/artmanager/publish/news/First-Ever_Economic_Study_Calculates_Dollar_Value_of.shtml also see http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/7643
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16. Cyber terrorism (Cyber terror war on) Privacy breaches Loss of Generativity Lock-in Surveillance DRM Censorship Suppression of innovation Electoral fraud
  • 17. Threat categories
    • Legitimate security issues
    • Protectionism
    • Politics and power
    • Security theater and fear-based responses (driven by all of above, not just legitimate security issues)
  • 18. What digital freedoms needed for beneficial collective intelligence?
    • Keep same rights online/digitally that we (should anyway) have offline/IRL
    • Permit innovation and participation enabled by digital world even if not possible before (probably follows from above)
  • 19. How building the commons (free software, free culture, and friends) helps
  • 20. Security
    • Data shows FLOSS is more secure
    • Security through obscurity doesn’t work
    • FLOSS encourages a heterogeneous computing environment
    • Free software and free culture both allergic to DRM and other mechanisms that sacrifice security to other goals
  • 21. Protectionism
    • Peer production undermines policy arguments for protecting knowledge industries
    • Free software and free culture both allergic to DRM
  • 22. Politics and power
    • Free software and culture improve transparency
    • ... and the ability of all to participate
    • Peer production works against concentrated power — doesn’t require concentrated production structures and lowers barriers to entry
  • 23. Security theater and fear
    • Access to facts mitigates fear and allows rational evaluation of responses
    • Commons work against three previous threats that drive security theater and fear
  • 24. Can the success of the (digital) commons alter how we view freedom and power generally?
  • 25.
    • “The gate that has held the movements for equalization of human beings strictly in a dilemma between ineffectiveness and violence has now been opened. The reason is that we have shifted to a zero marginal cost world. As steel is replaced by software, more and more of the value in society becomes non-rivalrous: it can be held by many without costing anybody more than if it is held by a few.”
    • Eben Moglen
  • 26.
    • “If we don’t want to live in a jungle, we must change our attitudes. We must start sending the message that a good citizen is one who cooperates when appropriate, not one who is successful at taking from others.”
    • Richard Stallman
  • 27. i.e., we can form collective intelligences instead of forced collectives ... and still “change the world”
  • 28.  
  • 29. Building the commons is key to the future of collective intelligence
    • Politicians and corporations are unimaginative ... they need to see solutions, or they react in fear
    • A dominant commons makes many collective stupidity scenarios much less likely
    • Beneficial collective intelligence needs universal access to culture, educational resources, research ... in machine-readable form
  • 30. Much less Meta ... 2 of the excellent bootstrap(?) tools CC uses and builds
    • Semantic MediaWiki ... turn your MediaWiki into a database and database application platform
    • RDFa ... bridging the Semantic Web and the Web we all use
  • 31.
    • License
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/
    • Attribution
    • Author: Mike Linksvayer
    • Link: http://creativecommons.org
    • Questions?
    • [email_address]
    Detail of image by psd · Licensed under CC Attribution 2.0 · http://flickr.com/photos/psd/1805374441