"Opening" the Special Library: Open Source, Open Content, Open Data and More

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  • 1. SLA 2011 2011-06-15 / Philadelphia “ Opening” the Special Library: Open Source, Open Content, Open Data and More Mike Linksvayer VP, Creative Commons commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Liberty_Bell_1872_-_crop.jpg · Public Domain
  • 2. open? (Software, Content, Data) that can be shared and modified by anyone for any purpose †‡ † attribution may be required ‡ sharing under similar terms may be required (copyleft)
  • 3. aka f ree as in freedom AKA Libre (Software, Content, Data) Legal status (copyright and related rights permissions or public domain) necessary for fully free/libre/open works
  • 4. 0 free software 1 Open Source (marketing term for free software) 2 Open Content 3 Open Data
  • 5. debian free software guidelines Open Source Definition Free Software Definition Definition of Free Cultural Works Open Knowledge Definition All agree: anyone, any purpose Aping free software or sweet spot?
  • 6. each domain has struggled to find sweet spot Confusion between freedom and cost Discrimination against commercial (e.g., first release of Linux, Creative Commons NonCommercial licenses) and other users Decades of work to fine-tune coordination and legal mechanisms † † ongoing; e.g., beyond necessary copyright and related permissions, see “open by rule” governance
  • 7. creative commons . org non-profit organization foundation, corporate, individual supporters 100+ global affiliate institutions
  • 8. cc = sharing infrastructure respect the law, build a sustainable and scalable society legal and technical tools enabling effective “some rights reserved” and “no rights reserved” culture, education, public sector, science open content, open data † † use a free software license for software (though CC0 may be used to place software in the public domain)
  • 9. wikipedia
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  • 20. <rdf:RDF xmlns=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; xmlns:rdf=&quot;http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#&quot;> <License rdf:about=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by-nc-sa /3.0/&quot;> < permits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns# Reproduction &quot;/> < permits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns# Distribution &quot;/> < requires rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns# Notice &quot;/> < requires rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns# Attribution &quot;/> < prohibits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns# CommericialUse &quot;/> < permits rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns# DerivativeWorks &quot;/> < requires rdf:resource=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns# ShareAlike &quot;/> </License> </rdf:RDF>
  • 21. <span xmlns:cc=&quot;http://creativecommons.org/ns#&quot; xmlns:dc=&quot;http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/&quot;> <span rel=&quot; dc:type &quot; href=&quot; http://purl.org/dc/dcmitype/Text &quot; property=&quot; dc:title &quot; > My Book </span> by <a rel=&quot; cc:attributionURL &quot; property=&quot; cc:attributionName &quot; href=&quot; http://example.org/me &quot;> My Name </a> is licensed under a <a rel=&quot; license &quot; href=&quot; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ &quot; >Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License</a>. <span rel=&quot; dc:source &quot; href=&quot; http://example.net/her_book &quot; /> Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at <a rel=&quot; cc:morePermissions &quot; href=&quot; http://example.com/revenue_sharing_agreement &quot;>example.com</a>. </span>
  • 22. open (software, content, data) and the special library The opportunities are very broad. Just a few follow...ask!
  • 23. linked open [meta]data Not only for large institutions!
  • 24. become an open (software, content, data) expert Tangible benefits for your organization Tangible benefits for your career Open is slowly winning ... are you future ready?
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  • 26. caveat: open (sharing) is not a business [model] others’ sharing is a business resource sharing is a business strategy sharing is a product feature sharing is a customer demand sharing is a social responsibility sharing is good policy
  • 27. links: con vey your self to http://creativecommons.org (Creative Commons NGO) commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Liberty_Bell,_Independence_Hall,_Philadelphia,_Pa,_from_Robert_N._Dennis_collection_of_stereoscopic_views.jpg · Public Domain