GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE21st December 2012 winter solstice outing: a walk in the old town
We shall follow this route but we’ll start at Sant Pere’s bastion(18) and finish at 1 (Town Hall))
On our way, we shall observe some emblematicGothic buildings: Sa Llotja, the Cathedral Gothic art evolved from Romanesque art and lasted from the mid-12th century to as late as the end of the 16th century in some areas. Some of its most distinctive features are:1. Pinnacles2. Gargoyles3. Stained glass windows4. Pointed arches5. Flying butresses6. Gothic vaults
Elements of the Gothic Architecture Stained Pointed Gothic Gothic Flying Gargoyles GlassPinnacles Arch Vault Buttresses Windows
1 Pointed Pinnacles Enables Add strength buildings to and stability to reach new the structure heights To make it look light
Pointed PinnaclesPalma Cathedral
2 Gargoyles Gargoyles came into gothic architecture in the early 13th The origins of the word century and are defined as "a gargoyle are derived from the waterspout, projecting from an old French word gargouille upper part of a building to throw meaning throat. water clear of walls or foundations." Gargoyles are frightening and intimidating sculptures - perfect for the likes of great Lords and Kings who built elaborate fortresses and castles in order to crush and intimidate the indigenous population.
3 Stained Glass Windows
Rose Stained Glass WindowsPalma Cathedral rose window
4 Gothic Arch The walls of Gothic The Gothic architects The Medieval Gothic buildings could be and builders discovered Arch was a major feature thinner because the the amazing strength of the architecture of the weight of the roof was and stability of using Middle Ages. supported by the arches pointed arches. rather than the walls. The arch could not only Thinner walls had wider support greater weights window openings which The use of the Gothic but could also could encouraged the use of arch gave the builders span greater stained glass and the tremendous flexibility. distances, allowing magnificent Gothic Rose vaults to be taller and Windows. wider.
Gothic pointed archesPalma Cathedral
5 Gothic Vaults Vaults reduced the risk of fire
Gothic VaultsPalma Cathedral Gothic vaults
Romanesque (Barrel) VaultCompare Gothic to Romanesque Barrel Vaults