GOTHIC                ARCHITECTURE1 eso D&E CIL   winter solstice outing: a walk in the old town
We shall follow this route but we’ll start at Sant Pere’s    bastion(18) and finish at 1 (Town Hall))
On our way, we shall observe some emblematicGothic buildings: Sa Llotja, the Cathedral     Gothic art evolved from Romanes...
Elements of the Gothic   Architecture                        Stained Pointed                          Gothic   Gothic     ...
1   Pointed Pinnacles                            Enables       Add strength                           buildings to      an...
Pointed PinnaclesPalma Cathedral
2   Gargoyles                                            Gargoyles came into gothic                                       ...
Gargoyles
3   Stained Glass Windows
Rose Stained Glass WindowsPalma Cathedral rose window
4        Gothic Arch                                                              The walls of Gothic                     ...
Gothic pointed archesPalma Cathedral
5   Gothic Vaults    Vaults reduced the risk of fire
Gothic VaultsPalma Cathedral Gothic vaults
Santa Creu
Romanesque (Barrel) VaultCompare Gothic to Romanesque Barrel Vaults
Barrel Vault
6   Flying Butresses
Flying ButtressesPalma Cathedral
Llotja de laMercaderiaGothic civil architecture
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Gothicarchitecture

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Gothicarchitecture

  1. 1. GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE1 eso D&E CIL winter solstice outing: a walk in the old town
  2. 2. We shall follow this route but we’ll start at Sant Pere’s bastion(18) and finish at 1 (Town Hall))
  3. 3. On our way, we shall observe some emblematicGothic buildings: Sa Llotja, the Cathedral Gothic art evolved from Romanesque art and lasted from the mid-12th century to as late as the end of the 16th century in some areas. Some of its most distinctive features are:1. Pinnacles2. Gargoyles3. Stained glass windows4. Pointed arches5. Flying butresses6. Gothic vaults
  4. 4. Elements of the Gothic Architecture Stained Pointed Gothic Gothic Flying Gargoyles GlassPinnacles Arch Vault Buttresses Windows
  5. 5. 1 Pointed Pinnacles Enables Add strength buildings to and stability to reach new the structure heights To make it look light
  6. 6. Pointed PinnaclesPalma Cathedral
  7. 7. 2 Gargoyles Gargoyles came into gothic architecture in the early 13th The origins of the word century and are defined as "a gargoyle are derived from the waterspout, projecting from an old French word gargouille upper part of a building to throw meaning throat. water clear of walls or foundations." Gargoyles are frightening and intimidating sculptures - perfect for the likes of great Lords and Kings who built elaborate fortresses and castles in order to crush and intimidate the indigenous population.
  8. 8. Gargoyles
  9. 9. 3 Stained Glass Windows
  10. 10. Rose Stained Glass WindowsPalma Cathedral rose window
  11. 11. 4 Gothic Arch The walls of Gothic The Gothic architects The Medieval Gothic buildings could be and builders discovered Arch was a major feature thinner because the the amazing strength of the architecture of the weight of the roof was and stability of using Middle Ages. supported by the arches pointed arches. rather than the walls. The arch could not only Thinner walls had wider support greater weights window openings which The use of the Gothic but could also could encouraged the use of arch gave the builders span greater distances, stained glass and the tremendous flexibility. allowing vaults to be magnificent Gothic Rose taller and wider. Windows.
  12. 12. Gothic pointed archesPalma Cathedral
  13. 13. 5 Gothic Vaults Vaults reduced the risk of fire
  14. 14. Gothic VaultsPalma Cathedral Gothic vaults
  15. 15. Santa Creu
  16. 16. Romanesque (Barrel) VaultCompare Gothic to Romanesque Barrel Vaults
  17. 17. Barrel Vault
  18. 18. 6 Flying Butresses
  19. 19. Flying ButtressesPalma Cathedral
  20. 20. Llotja de laMercaderiaGothic civil architecture

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