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Explaining Causes & Effects Chapter 8
Explaining Causes & Effects
Explaining Causes & Effects
Explaining Causes & Effects
Explaining Causes & Effects
Explaining Causes & Effects + =
Explaining Causes and Effects <ul><li>Understanding the cause effect relationship requires: </li></ul><ul><li>Observation ...
Explaining Causes and Effects <ul><li>We move from asking “What happened?” to . . . </li></ul><ul><li>“ Why  did it happen...
Explaining Causes and Effects ?
Explaining Causes and Effects
Explaining Causes and Effects
Explaining Causes and Effects Ockham’s Razor:  “ Pluralitas non est ponenda sine neccesitate” Translation:   “Entities sho...
Explaining Causes and Effects Ockham’s Razor:  In other words. . . The explanation requiring the fewest assumptions is mos...
Explaining Causes and Effects <ul><li>One should not make more assumptions than needed.  When multiple explanations are av...
Explaining Causes and Effects <ul><li>DEDUCTIVE REASONING AND  </li></ul><ul><li>INDUCTIVE REASONING </li></ul>
Explaining Causes and Effects <ul><li>ISHIKAWA FISHBONE DIAGRAM </li></ul>Effect Causes
Explaining Causes and Effects <ul><li>ISHIKAWA FISHBONE DIAGRAM </li></ul><ul><li>Causes are usually listed in Four major ...
Explaining Causes and Effects <ul><li>Effects:  </li></ul><ul><li>Global Warming </li></ul><ul><li>Rising Crime rate in Mi...
Explaining Causes and Effects <ul><li>For Thursday (2/12): </li></ul><ul><li>   Read “Invisible Women” (pg. 127-129)  </li...
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  • Transcript of "Explaining Causes & Effects"

    1. 1. Explaining Causes & Effects Chapter 8
    2. 2. Explaining Causes & Effects
    3. 3. Explaining Causes & Effects
    4. 4. Explaining Causes & Effects
    5. 5. Explaining Causes & Effects
    6. 6. Explaining Causes & Effects + =
    7. 7. Explaining Causes and Effects <ul><li>Understanding the cause effect relationship requires: </li></ul><ul><li>Observation Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Thinking Skills </li></ul>
    8. 8. Explaining Causes and Effects <ul><li>We move from asking “What happened?” to . . . </li></ul><ul><li>“ Why did it happen?” and “ What will happen?” </li></ul><ul><li>It requires moving from the concrete to the abstract, from specific to general, and moving among levels of abstraction. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Explaining Causes and Effects ?
    10. 10. Explaining Causes and Effects
    11. 11. Explaining Causes and Effects
    12. 12. Explaining Causes and Effects Ockham’s Razor: “ Pluralitas non est ponenda sine neccesitate” Translation: “Entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily.”
    13. 13. Explaining Causes and Effects Ockham’s Razor: In other words. . . The explanation requiring the fewest assumptions is most likely to be correct.
    14. 14. Explaining Causes and Effects <ul><li>One should not make more assumptions than needed. When multiple explanations are available for a phenomenon, the simplest version is preferred. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Explaining Causes and Effects <ul><li>DEDUCTIVE REASONING AND </li></ul><ul><li>INDUCTIVE REASONING </li></ul>
    16. 16. Explaining Causes and Effects <ul><li>ISHIKAWA FISHBONE DIAGRAM </li></ul>Effect Causes
    17. 17. Explaining Causes and Effects <ul><li>ISHIKAWA FISHBONE DIAGRAM </li></ul><ul><li>Causes are usually listed in Four major categories: </li></ul>For Manufacturing: M anpower M ethods M aterials M achinery For Administration/Service: E quipment P olicy P rocedures P eople
    18. 18. Explaining Causes and Effects <ul><li>Effects: </li></ul><ul><li>Global Warming </li></ul><ul><li>Rising Crime rate in Minneapolis </li></ul><ul><li>Business experiencing poor sales figures </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Dishonesty </li></ul><ul><li>Child-resistant lighters </li></ul>
    19. 19. Explaining Causes and Effects <ul><li>For Thursday (2/12): </li></ul><ul><li>  Read “Invisible Women” (pg. 127-129) </li></ul><ul><li>and be prepared to answer the “Questions to Start You Thinking” (pg. 129) at the end of the essay.  </li></ul>
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