APA STYLEHow to Format Your PaperUsing the APA Publication Rules to Avoid Plagiarism
APA STYLE• All assignments must be formatted as MSWord documents using the APA style ofmanuscript preparation.• Keiser University uses the PublicationManual of the American PsychologicalAssociation (APA) 6thEdition style ofdocumentation.
APA STYLE• Using the APA Publication Manual’s ruleshelps you avoid plagiarism.• Plagiarism is the act of submitting text toyour instructor that is not your own andthat is not identified as coming from anoutside source.• The penalties for plagiarism are verysevere at all universities.
APA STYLEAt Keiser University, the penalties forplagiarism are as follows:•First Offense: Student receives a grade of “F”on their assignment.•Second Offense: Student receives a grad“F” in the course and mustrepeat the class.•Third Offense: Student is dismissed from theUniversity.
APA STYLESet-up your page as follows:• Font Times New Roman• Size 12 point• Margins Minimum 1” all around• Line Spacing Double space
APA STYLE• A complete APA paper must have 4 Parts:• The 4 Parts are:• Title Page• Abstract• Body• References Page• Before you turn in your paper, be sure it has all 4Parts. (Tables, figures, appendices can be included if required byyour topic, but they are not required for all APA papers.)• Not all assignments require all 4 Parts; checkwith your instructor to learn what is required onany given assignment.
APA STYLEYou can find an APA Template file on theKeiser OWL Course Home Page.• Click the APA Help button on the left side ofthe OWL Course Home Page.• Click APA Template.• Download the APA Template to your desktop.
APA STYLE• Using the APA Template as your guide, type theTitle Page of your paper by typing over thewords on the APA Template.• Remember, do not change the spacing orformat of the APA Template; just type yourinformation over what is on the template.• Be sure to type your title (in CAPS) after“Running Head:” as well as all the otherrequired information on the Title Page.
APA STYLEFollowing the Title Page is the Abstract.• An Abstract is a one-paragraph summary ofwhat your paper is about.• Write your Abstract after you complete yourpaper.**You cannot summarize what you have not written.
APA STYLEAfter the Abstract, you type the main bodyof your paper.• The main body of your paper is the first placewhere you are required to CITE your sources.• CITATIONS show your reader the sources ofthe information that you used in your paper.• You must cite the source of any informationthat is not common knowledge.
APA STYLECiting Word-for-Word Quotations• If you reuse the exact words from one of yoursources, use quotation marks around the wordsyou copied.• After the closing quotation mark, insideparentheses, type the name of the author(s) lastname, the year the source document waspublished, and the page number, if available.Note that your normal sentence-ending period isplaced AFTER the parentheses.(See the example below.)EXAMPLE: “…increased” (Jones, 1999, p.35).
APA STYLECiting Word-for-Word Quotations (continued)• This ensures that your reader knows you did notcreate the information, and it tells them where theycan go to read the source material you quoted.• Typically, your instructor will limit the amount ofword-for-word content you are permitted to includein a given paper.
APA STYLEParaphrased Content• If you do not copy the exact words of yoursource, but only the author’s main idea(s), donot use quotation marks.• You must still cite the source using theparentheses, and the author, date, and pagenumber.EXAMPLE: …went up (Jones, 1999, p.35).
APA STYLE• When you use the same source more than oncein the same paragraph, you do not have to typein the full citation each time.• Also, if you type the name of the author and yearin the text of your paper, you only have to type inthe page number, enclosed in parenthesis, for acitation.EXAMPLE: Smith (2007) stated in his article that Jones was guilty (p. 24).
APA STYLEAfter you type the main body of your paper,type your References page.• The References section contains a list of ALLthe sources you used in your paper.• Be sure to use the EXACT formatting requiredfor the type of source you are citing. Below arethree documents that show you how to do this:1. APA Reference and Citation Samples: Color Coded (APA Help button)2. Cita’s and Refer’s: Single and Multiple Authors (APA Help button)3. http://www2.liu.edu/cwis/cwp/library/workshop/citapa.htm
APA STYLEFinal Steps• After you have completed typing your paper,perform the following tasks:• Select the SPELL CHECK function and reviewall words with red jagged lines under them.Change the ones that are spelled incorrectly.• Re-read the items that have a green jagged lineunder them and consider the suggestedchanges. You will find that some of these itemsdo not need to be changed.
APA STYLEFinal Steps (continued)• Re-read your entire paper aloud or havesomeone read it to you so that you can hearthe words and ensure that you have not madeany errors.• Rewrite any section that may prove confusingto the reader.• Submit your paper to the OWL for review.