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BarCamp Homebrew Presentation Final (No Transitions)

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Presentation I gave at BarCamp CHS 2010 on how to make beer at home.

Presentation I gave at BarCamp CHS 2010 on how to make beer at home.

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  • 1. Homebrew 101
    How to Get Started Making Your Own Beer
  • 2. We’re going to talk about...
    What exactly is beer, anyway?
    What kind of beer can you make at home?
    What equipment do you need?
    How do you actually make beer?
    Cool! How do I get started?
    What to do after my first batch?
  • 3. What is beer, anyway?
  • 4. What is beer, anyway?
    Besides delicious, beer is...
    Yeast
    • Convert fermentable sugars to alcohol and CO2
    • 5. Two types, ale (top fermenting) and lager (bottom fermenting)
    • 6. Ale yeasts can add flavors
    Water
    • Cleaner water leads to better beer
    • 7. Home brewers often opt for bottled drinking water
    Hops
    • Add bitterness, flavor and aroma to beer
    • 8. A natural preservative
    • 9. Lots of variety in level of bitterness and types of aromas
    Malted Grains
    • Contribute fermentable sugars, flavors, and color
    • 10. Typically barley, but also wheat, oat, rye, etc
    • 11. Base and specialty malts
  • What is beer, anyway?
    In addition to the four main ingredients, you can brew with... just about anything!
    • Fruit (raspberries, cherries, watermelon, etc)
    • 12. Chocolate
    • 13. Coffee
    • 14. Spices (vanilla, nutmeg, cinnamon, lemon zest, etc)
    • 15. Sugars (like brown or beet)
    • 16. Honey
    • 17. Chili peppers (no really)
  • What kind of beer can you make at home?
    Answer: Anything but Bud Light
  • 18. What kind of beer can you make at home?
    Most home brewers start with ales
    They ferment best between 65 and 75 degrees
    Some common ale styles:
  • What kind of beer can you make at home?
    Sounds a little intimidating... that’s a lot of options
    Home brew stores sell recipe kits with everything you need
    As a beginner, just decide what you want to brew
  • 25. What kind of beer can you make at home?
    We’re going to talk about making:
    An ale recipe kit using specialty grains
    With a single-stage fermentation
    Using a technique called Extract Brewing and a Partial Boil
  • 26. What kind of equipment do you need?
    Hint: Not this much...
  • 27. What kind of equipment do you need?
    Brew Pot
    Stainless vs. Aluminum
    $40 - $300+
    Lots of sizes (4 to 30+ gal.)
    • Fermenter
    • 28. Bucket or Carboy
    • 29. 6 gal. min. capacity
    • 30. Both require an airlock
  • What kind of equipment do you need?
    Brewing Accessories
    Long Handled Spoon (plastic or stainless)
    Strainer
    Thief (Turkey Baster)
    • Auto-Siphon
    • 31. 6 foot hose
    • 32. Cheap ($11) and super easy to start a siphon
  • What kind of equipment do you need?
    Bottling Bucket
    Plastic bucket with spigot
    Short length of hose
    Bottle filler
    • Bottling Accessories
    • 33. Bottles – New or Used
    • 34. Caps
    • 35. Bottle Capper
  • What kind of equipment do you need?
    Measurement Devices
    Thermometer
    Hydrometer
    Test tube
  • How do you actually make beer?
    Made (not so) painstakingly by YOU!
  • 39. How do you actually make beer?
    Step 1: Clean Everything
    Mix up a solution of your cleaner, per instructions
    Thoroughly clean everything that will touch the beer
    Step 2: Assemble Equipment and Ingredients
    You’ll need the brew pot, fermenter, airlock, long spoon, strainer, turkey baster, hydrometer, thermometer
    Recipe kit + 6 gallons of bottled drinking water
    Set the yeast out at room temperature, up to 24 hours
  • 40. How do you actually make beer?
    Step 2: Assemble Equipment and Ingredients
  • 41. How do you actually make beer?
    Step 3: Soak the Specialty Grains
    Bring 2 to 2.5 gal. of water up to approx. 155o
    Once heated, place the grain bag in the water
    Typically steeps for 20to 30 minutes, per recipe
    When finished, lift in and out like a tea bag
    Let it drip, then discard
    Return the pot to the heatand bring to a boil
  • 42. How do you actually make beer?
    Step 4: Add Malt Extract
    Remove the heat source and slowly add the extract
    Add slowly, and stir; it can scorch and needs to dissolve
    Return to heat, bring to a roiling boil
    Watch it! It contains a LOT of sugar and can boil over...
  • 43. How do you actually make beer?
    Step 5: Boil the Wort and Add Hops
    Once you get to a roiling boil, reduce heat and set timer
    60 minutes: Add bittering hops
    15 minutes: Add flavoring hops
    5 minutes: Add aroma hops
    While the wort boils, sanitizethe fermentation equipment
    Bucket, airlock, turkey baster, strainer, ladle
    Just don’t go too far...
  • 44. How do you actually make beer?
    Step 6: Cool the Wort
    Need to get the wort below 75oas fast as possible
    Wort Chiller
    • Passes cold water through a ring of tubing for heat exchange
    • 45. Connects to faucet with adapter
    • 46. Place into wort for last 15 min of boil to sanitize
    Your Kitchen Sink
    • Submerge the brew pot in an ice bath in sink or cooler
    • 47. Will need to stir the wort to circulate
    • 48. Replace the cold water as necessary
    Ice Cold Top-Off Water
    • Put 3 gallons in the freezer when you start
    • 49. When you’re ready to ferment, it will be ice cold
    • 50. Some brewers frown on it, and it’s not entirely effective
  • How do you actually make beer?
    Step 7: Strain & Aerate the Wort
    Straining remove grain and hop fragments
    Aerating introduces O2 which helps start fermentation
    Check specific gravity with sanitized hydrometer
  • 51. How do you actually make beer?
    Step 8: Pitch the Yeast
    Shake the yeast vial and pour into fermenter
    Give a good stir with a sanitized spoon
    Seal the fermenter with sanitized lid, and add airlock
  • 52. How do you actually make beer?
    Step 9: Clean Everything
    Take good care of the equipment, clean after every use
    Step 10: Wait
    Beer ferments for between 2 and 3 weeks
    In the third week, take three specific gravity readings at 24 hour intervals; stable gravity = time to bottle
  • 53. How do you actually make beer?
    Step 11: Prep for Bottling
    Soak and scrub all bottles the night before
    Day of, clean bottling bucket, spigot, bottle filler, siphon
  • 54. How do you actually make beer?
    Step 12: Prime and Transfer to Bottling Bucket
    Sanitize everything, let bottles drip dry
    Boil and dissolve priming sugar into 2 cups of water
    Add sugar water to bottling bucket
    Using the sanitized auto-siphon, transfer the beer from primary to bottling bucket
  • 55. How do you actually make beer?
    Step 13: Bottle and Store
    Fill each beer to top and put sanitized cap on top
    Seal all bottles with capper
    Store in a cool dark place for 3 weeks
  • 56. Cool! How do I get started?
    • Don’t take my word for it
    • 57. Keep reading, there’s a ton of info out there
    • 58. The Complete Joy of Home Brewing
    • 59. HomebrewTalk.com (Forums)
    • 60. TastyBrew.com (Recipe Database)
    • 61. Purchase an equipment kit and recipe
    • 62. I buy from AustinHomebrew.com
    • 63. Tons of recipes, $7.99 flat rate shipping
  • What to do after my first batch?
    • Get another fermenter and try two-stage fermentation
    • 64. Transfer from primary to secondary after 7-10 days
    • 65. Gets away from dead yeast, and allows for clarification
    • 66. Come up with your own recipe
    • 67. Software available to help build recipes
    • 68. Mini-Mash and All-Grain brewing
    • 69. Mini-mash is all-grain technique for a small amount of grain
    • 70. All-grain is using nothing but grains
  • Resources
    • Equipment / Recipes
    • 71. AustinHomebrew.com
    • 72. NorthernBrewer.com
    • 73. Knowledge
    • 74. HomebrewTalk.com
    • 75. TastyBrew.com
    • 76. This Presentation
    • 77. slideshare.net/mlamb2005
    • 78. CHS Homebrew Club?
    • 79. If interested, email me at:matthewlamb@gmail.com