A SATYR PLAY IS A FARCICAL, OFTEN BAWDY PARODY OF THE GODS AND THEIR MYTHS.
PEOPLE WOULD SIT THROUGH THE PLAYS IN THE THEATER AND WOULD VOTE FOR THEIR FAVORITE PLAYS BY CASTING BALLOTS.
Parts of aGreek Tragedy Your project will require you to have knowledge of the various parts of a traditional Greek tragedy. Here are some definitions and facts to help your group out!
1. Prologue A monologue or dialogue preceding the entry of the chorus, which presents the tragedy's topic. Example: The “prologue” in Shakespeare’s Romeo & Juliet operates much like a Greek prologue. Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene, From ancient grudge break to new mutiny, Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean. From forth the fatal loins of these two foes A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life…
2. Parados The entering lyric of the Chorus which explains background information. Example: In Antigone, the entrance of the Chorus tells us that the war has left Antigone’s brothers dead – and that the king has forbidden any burial for one.
3. Episodes Parts of the play where characters perform/act out the events. Example: Think of an episode of your favorite TV show. Actors act out the events – but don’t comment on it. In a Greek tragedy episode, the only character who can comment on the action is the Chorus. Think of Bernie Mac in The Bernie Mac Show.
4. Choral Odes The Chorus speaks about the THEME of the story by using metaphor, simile, or an anecdote. Example: In musicals, the characters sometimes burst into song to sing about their thoughts about the action of the play. It’s sort of like that.
5. Exodus As the characters leave, the Chorus tells us what we should have learned from the story. Example: The EPILOGUE of a great many Shakespeare plays or the MORAL of the story. Think of Aesop’s Fables… Little friends can prove to be great friends!