Dionysus
GREEK DRAMA
BEGAN AS A FORM
OF RELIGIOUS
WORSHIP TO THE
GREEK
GOD, DIONYSUS.
Dionysus & Religious
Worship
• DIONYSUS IS THE GOD OF WINE AND VEGETATION.
• DIONYSUS WAS BELIEVED TO DIE EACH WINTER
AND ...
Dionysian Festival
Or “Let’s have wine and put on a show!”
Dionysian Festival
• THE GREATER DIONYSIA WAS HELD FOR FIVE
DAYS DURING THE SPRING.
• EACH WRITER WOULD PRESENT THREE
TRAG...
Parts of a
Greek Tragedy
Your project will require
you to have knowledge
of the various parts of a
traditional Greek
trage...
1. Prologue
 A monologue or dialogue preceding the entry of the
chorus, which presents the tragedy's topic.
 Example: Th...
2. Parados
The entering lyric of the Chorus which explains
background information.
Example: In Antigone, the entrance of t...
3. Episodes
 Parts of the play where characters perform/act
out the events.
 Example: Think of an episode of your favori...
4. Choral Odes
The Chorus speaks about the THEME of the story
by using metaphor, simile, or an anecdote.
Example: In music...
5. Exodus
 As the characters leave, the Chorus tells us what
we should have learned from the story.
 Example: The EPILOG...
Other Words of Note
 Proagon
A “trailer” for upcoming plays. Actors would perform small
section for public as advertiseme...
Other Words of Note
 Archon
Person responsible for picking out
plays 11 months before festival.
 Choregus
Producer. They...
Greek Theater & Parts of a Tragedy
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Greek Theater & Parts of a Tragedy

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tragedy, Dionysus, ancient theater

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Greek Theater & Parts of a Tragedy

  1. 1. Dionysus GREEK DRAMA BEGAN AS A FORM OF RELIGIOUS WORSHIP TO THE GREEK GOD, DIONYSUS.
  2. 2. Dionysus & Religious Worship • DIONYSUS IS THE GOD OF WINE AND VEGETATION. • DIONYSUS WAS BELIEVED TO DIE EACH WINTER AND WAS REBORN IN THE SPRING. • THIS CYCLICAL REVIVAL, WITH THE SEASONAL RENEWAL OF THE FRUITS OF THE EARTH, EMBODIED THE PROMISE OF RESURRECTION. • YEARLY RIGHTS TO DIONYSUS EVOLVED INTO THE STRUCTURED FORM OF GREEK DRAMA.
  3. 3. Dionysian Festival Or “Let’s have wine and put on a show!”
  4. 4. Dionysian Festival • THE GREATER DIONYSIA WAS HELD FOR FIVE DAYS DURING THE SPRING. • EACH WRITER WOULD PRESENT THREE TRAGEDIES AND A SATYR PLAY. • What word in English is “satyr” similar to? • A SATYR PLAY IS A FARCICAL, OFTEN BAWDY PARODY OF THE GODS AND THEIR MYTHS. • PEOPLE WOULD SIT THROUGH THE PLAYS IN THE THEATER AND WOULD VOTE FOR THEIR FAVORITE PLAYS BY CASTING BALLOTS.
  5. 5. Parts of a Greek Tragedy Your project will require you to have knowledge of the various parts of a traditional Greek tragedy. Here are some definitions and facts to help your group out!
  6. 6. 1. Prologue  A monologue or dialogue preceding the entry of the chorus, which presents the tragedy's topic.  Example: The “prologue” in Shakespeare’s Romeo & Juliet operates much like a Greek prologue.  Two households, both alike in dignity, 
 In fair Verona, where we lay our scene, 
 From ancient grudge break to new mutiny, 
 Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean. 
 From forth the fatal loins of these two foes 
 A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life…
  7. 7. 2. Parados The entering lyric of the Chorus which explains background information. Example: In Antigone, the entrance of the Chorus tells us that the war has left Antigone’s brothers dead – and that the king has forbidden any burial for one.
  8. 8. 3. Episodes  Parts of the play where characters perform/act out the events.  Example: Think of an episode of your favorite TV show. Actors act out the events – but don’t comment on it.  In a Greek tragedy episode, the only character who can comment on the action is the Chorus.  Think of Bernie Mac in The Bernie Mac Show.
  9. 9. 4. Choral Odes The Chorus speaks about the THEME of the story by using metaphor, simile, or an anecdote. Example: In musicals, the characters sometimes burst into song to sing about their thoughts about the action of the play. It’s sort of like that.
  10. 10. 5. Exodus  As the characters leave, the Chorus tells us what we should have learned from the story.  Example: The EPILOGUE of a great many Shakespeare plays or the MORAL of the story.  Think of Aesop’s Fables…
  11. 11. Other Words of Note  Proagon A “trailer” for upcoming plays. Actors would perform small section for public as advertisement.
  12. 12. Other Words of Note  Archon Person responsible for picking out plays 11 months before festival.  Choregus Producer. They would pick one playwright to sponsor for one year. Paid all major expenses related to chorus: rehearsals, costumes, musicians, which was considered a form of paying taxes. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LQyHdgvd1yo
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