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Elizabethan theater and shakespeare
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Elizabethan theater and shakespeare

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  • DISCOVERY SPACE: a small room behind a curtain - which allows characters to be suddenly revealed by opening the curtain Behind the entrances is the TIRING HOUSE, for actors to dress, prepare and wait offstage.
  • Many Inns were used as playhouses until the theatres began to be built in London from 1576 - 1629
  • Coach students to remember one play performed at the Globe
  • Start clip at about 2:10, end about 6:00 when Richard Dreyfuss says “We can do RAPIERS.”

Transcript

  • 1. Elizabethan Theatre Conventions of the Time
  • 2. Convention
    • Special or traditional way of doing things
      • What are some conventions of our time?
  • 3. The Elizabethan Era HIGHLIGHTS
    • Queen Elizabeth I embodied power and beauty
    • An extravagant and brutal age!
    • The first theaters in England appeared
  • 4. p Performances started in inn yards/taverns
  • 5.
    • Evolved to outdoor stages
  • 6.  
  • 7. Elizabethan Theatre
    • Finally ended up in theatres
  • 8.  
  • 9. TAVERNS OUTDOOR STAGES THEATRES
  • 10. Theatre Structure Public theaters were either a round, square, or octagonal wooden structure which consisted of:
    • unroofed courtyard
    • roofed galleries
    • platform stage
    • tiring-house
    • curtained discovery space
    • trap door
  • 11. Major Elizabethan Theatres
    • -The Theatre (1576) first theatre
    • - The Rose (1587) a rose by any other name… odor problem!
  • 12. The Globe Theater
    • Built in 1599 by Cuthbert Burbage
    • Burned to the ground after a cannon malfunction (1642)
    • associated with Shakespeare
  • 13. Cockpit Salisbury Red Lion Curtain Rose Swan Globe Theatre Fortune Red Bull Boar’s Head Hope Bell Inn Blackfriars Paul’s Bulls Inn BelSavage Inn Cross Keys Inn
  • 14. Yay! The Globe!
  • 15. Shakespeare performed many of his plays at The Globe Theatre including:
  • 16.
    • Productions were performed during the daytime – candles were the only light source available
    • Flag flown on the playhouse usually alerted citizens that a play would be shown that day
  • 17. SEATING
    • Determined by the wealth and the social status of the people.
    • The wealthiest people took the best seats (higher up = better!)
  • 18. - GROUNDLINGS: People standing on the ground in front of the stage. This was the cheapest area.
  • 19.
    • -Performers often tried to please the groundlings more than others. Why?
        • Threw food!
        • Yelled at performers!
  • 20.
    • Theatres were shut down because of the plague
    • Alternatives?
      • Origin of traveling theatre troupes
  • 21. BEAR BAITING __________________ ________________________
  • 22. Rooster Fights __________________ ________________________
  • 23. Public Executions
  • 24. Public Executions By hanging, drawing, and quartering for the traitors
  • 25. Public Executions By burning for heretics Monty Python and the Holy Grail: "She's a Witch!"
  • 26. Public Executions By boiling in oil for prisoners
  • 27. Acting Companies
    • Before the theaters were built, performances were put on by traveling troupes
    • They had the reputation of being vagabonds
    • Many people gathered and sometimes behaved in disorderly manner Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead: Travelling Theater Troupe
  • 28. Actors
    • Actors were expected to be able to:
    • sing
    • clown
    • weapon/sword skills for stage combat
    • perform acrobatic feats
    • dance
  • 29.  
  • 30.
    • Women did not perform
      • Female roles were performed by young boys
  • 31. Elizabethan Playwrights
    • Playwrights were practical men bent on making a living
    • Once a playwright sold his manuscript, he had no personal right to it
    • Plays were written to be acted , not read
  • 32. Elizabethan Playwrights
    • William Shakespeare – be able to name five plays that he wrote
    • Christopher Marlowe Dr. Faustus – man sells his soul to the devil for power and knowledge
  • 33. Elizabethan Playwrights
    • Ben Jonson Volpone – man fakes his own death (greed/poor morals)
    • Thomas Middleton The Chaste Maid of Cheapside – exposed the harsh reality of prostitution, sin, and poverty
  • 34. Costumes
    • Consisted of Elizabethan clothing
  • 35.  
  • 36.