Ancient Theatre: Greek and Roman

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Theater I Powerpoint presentation created by KL; 2010.

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Ancient Theatre: Greek and Roman

  1. 1. Ancient Theatre: Greek and Roman
  2. 2. The Theatre of Dionysus <ul><li>built at the beginning of the 5th century </li></ul><ul><li>Dionysus: greek god of wine and festivity “God of the fun stuff” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Amphitheatres <ul><li>Plays were performed outside </li></ul><ul><li>The side of the mountain was scooped out into a bowl shape, and tiers of stone seats were built on the hill. </li></ul><ul><li>often seated as many as 20,000 </li></ul>
  4. 5. Roman Sea Battles <ul><li>Performers actually died! </li></ul><ul><li>The largest known sea battle involved 19,000 participants and approximately ½ of them died </li></ul><ul><li>Performance spaces are Massive! </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>theatron =&quot;viewing-place” </li></ul><ul><li>Word origin for “theatre” </li></ul><ul><li>where the audience sits and was usually part of the hillside around the performance space </li></ul>
  6. 7. The Greek Chorus
  7. 8. <ul><li>The traditional Greek Chorus usually moves and speaks in unison </li></ul>
  8. 9. Functions of the chorus <ul><li>an agent : gives advice, asks, takes part </li></ul><ul><li>ideal spectator - reacts as playwright hopes audience would </li></ul><ul><li>sets mood and heightens dramatic effects </li></ul><ul><li>adds movement, spectacle, song, and dance </li></ul><ul><li>pauses / paces the action so that the audience can reflect. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Today’s Greek </li></ul><ul><li>Chorus </li></ul>
  10. 11. Word Origin <ul><li>Thespian= relating to drama/ actor or actress </li></ul><ul><li>comes from thespis - a popular greek writer </li></ul>
  11. 12. Word Origin <ul><li>The word “comedy” comes from the Greek word “komos” which means “band of revelers.” </li></ul>
  12. 13. The Actors <ul><li>All of the actors were men. Women were not allowed to participate. </li></ul><ul><li>The actors played multiple roles. a wooden, cork, or linen mask was used to show the change in character or mood. </li></ul><ul><li>The actor made himself taller by wearing thick soled platform shoes </li></ul>
  13. 14. Costumes <ul><li>standard Greek attire with masks </li></ul>
  14. 15. Dionysus Festival <ul><li>'City Dionysia', a festival of entertainment held in honor of the god Dionysus. </li></ul><ul><li>This festival featured competitions in music, dance, plays, and poetry. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Communal Involvement <ul><li>The entire city would be in attendance. </li></ul><ul><li>All other businesses not directly involved with the 6-day festival would shut down, so that everyone could attend. </li></ul><ul><li>The government even offered financial assistance to those who could not afford to attend. </li></ul>
  16. 17. And the grand prize…
  17. 19. Tragedy <ul><li>The word tragedy came to be derived from the Greek tragos (goat) and ode (poem). Tragedy literally means goat song or goat poem. </li></ul>

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