Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Gift For Kenton
Gift For Kenton
Gift For Kenton
Gift For Kenton
Gift For Kenton
Gift For Kenton
Gift For Kenton
Gift For Kenton
Gift For Kenton
Gift For Kenton
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Gift For Kenton

291

Published on

Hope u like it

Hope u like it

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
291
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Name of student: Student number: Name of Module: Tutor: 1
  • 2. Introduction: Appendixes A, B and C reported the same news about Jill Vidal on 25 April, 2009 by Sing Tao Daily, Apply Daily and South China Morning Post respectively. This piece of newspaper talked about the latest drug scandal about a pop star, Jill Vidal. In late February, she was arrested because of possession of drug, heroine. She was detained in jail for 60 days and stood trial. She admitted taking drugs at least twice each week. She felt a need to take drug into Japan. She regretted bringing drugs into Japan and taking drugs. She apologised publicly to her family, fans and friends and promised to kick the habit of drug addiction. A Tokyo judge gave her a 2-year term suspended for three years for heroin possession. Let us talk about some related concepts in psychology with her news. The concepts include stress, habit formation, punishment, Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs, conflicts between id and superego, anxiety and stress coping strategies, and industry vs inferiority in Erikson’s stages of personalities development. Analysis 1. Stress From the Apple Daily newspaper, she claimed that paparazzo tracked her for news reports and incorrectly reported her fake news on livelihood, social circles and lover. These made her feel stressful because her image will be damaged, making her infamous in eyes of her fans. She was afraid that this news will make her have less work to do, affecting her earning. According to SparkNotes (2009), stressors are psychologically or physically demanding events or circumstances and stress occurs when people experience frustration, conflict, or pressure. According to Atkinson (1993), conflict occurs when a person must choose between incompatible, or mutually exclusive goals or course of action. Maybe her workload was too heavy. Her amount of work was related to her public image. She must maintain a good public image for her fans so that she could earn more money through accepting more jobs. But this thought made her feel anxious. So, she faced an inner conflict creating anxiety and hence, stress. She felt relieved instantly when taking heroin. But she knew that she could not let this fact – her addiction - be discovered by public media. She faced a conflict, greater than the previous one. The more she took heroin, the more she was afraid of being discovered, the more she was driven in this viscous cycle. Personal stressor includes major life events such as the loss of one’s job. Her taking heroin pushed her into the conflict further between her pleasure derived from taking heroin and her fear not to let her addiction be disclosed to the public, which subsequently led to her boss rescinding a contract with her. The more she took heroin, the harder she could withdraw from heroin addition, the more uncontrollable this event seemed, the more likely it was perceived as stressful one. This fueled the viscous cycle of conflicting thoughts. She may be driven into learned helplessness, which occurs 2
  • 3. when one concludes that unpleasant or aversive stimuli cannot be controlled, dragging her into depression. 2. Habit (addiction) formation Atkinson (1993) quoted that “heroine, at first, produces a sense of well-being. Experienced users report a special thrill or rush within a minute or two after an intravenous injection. Some describe this sensation as intensely pleasurable, similar to an orgasm. Young people who sniff it report that they forget everything that troubles them. Following this, the user feels fixed, or gratified with no awareness of hunger, pain, or sexual urges.” According to positive reinforcement in operant conditioning in your note, a positive reinforcer increases the likelihood of behaviour by adding something rewarding to a situation. The behaviour is taking drugs and the reward is happiness experienced from taking heroin. The situation was that she faced much pressure from her work and inner conflicts as said in point 1. This leads to the formation of the habit- addiction. 3. Punishment According to your note, punishment is any event that decreases the likelihood that the behaviour that precedes it will occur again. The event includes being arrested and jailed. Her loss of jobs and self-esteem plus negative reports from mass media are all punishment that reduces the likelihood of the behaviour – taking drugs. 4. Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs Atkinson (1993) quoted that “esteem needs means the need to achieve, be competent and gain approval and recognition”. A pop star is admired by fans. So she felt competent to be a pop star and got the recognition to be a super star. This esteem need gave her much pressure so she took heroin. The Apply Daily news article said that she felt sad and regretful after being detained because her esteem need was no longer satisfied. After kicking the habit, she felt refreshed and healthy physically and mentally, as said in Apply Daily. It was because she has restored her esteem as a result of support from her family and friends. The regain of self-esteem made her happy. 5. Stress coping strategies According to SparkNotes (2009), coping refers to efforts to manage stress. Coping can be adaptive or maladaptive. Adaptive coping strategies generally involve confronting problems directly, making reasonably realistic appraisals of problems, recognising and changing unhealthy emotional reactions, and trying to prevent adverse effects on the body. Maladaptive coping includes using alcohol or drugs to escape problems. In this case, she shoplifted in Japan and took heroin to cope with stress, which is maladaptive. 6. Conflicts between id and superego 3
  • 4. According to SparkNotes (2009), Freud believed that the id, the ego, and the superego are in constant conflict. Id is a reservoir of instinctual energy that contains biological urges such as impulses toward survival, sex, and aggression. The id is unconscious and operates according to the pleasure principle, the drive to achieve pleasure and avoid pain. The id is characterised by primary process thinking, which is illogical, irrational, and motivated by a desire for the immediate gratification of impulses. Superego is the moral component of personality. It contains all the moral standards learned from parents and society. The superego forces the ego to conform not only to reality but also to its ideals of morality. Hence, the superego causes people to feel guilty when they go against society’s rules. In her case, the id drove her to get more addicted to heroin. The pleasure was derived from the instant physiological effect of taking heroin. Besides, when she thought about her jobs and possible loss of jobs due to heavy workload and probable disclosure of her addiction to mass media, she became anxious and stressful. This created pain. According to pain and pleasure principles operated by the id, she may be driven more into taking heroin. However, her superego kept telling her that taking heroin was morally wrong and socially unacceptable. Internal conflicts could make her feel anxious. In Freud’s view, anxiety arises when the ego cannot adequately balance the demands of the id and the superego. The id demands gratification of its impulses, and the superego demands maintenance of its moral standards. This conflict caused anxiety and hence stress, which drove her more into stress coping strategies. In her case, she resorted to maladaptive coping strategies, including shoplifting and drug addiction, which further straining the tension between id and superego, tearing her ego apart more. A viscous cycle was sustained and strengthened, resulting in more stress and in turn maladaptive coping strategies until the case was disclosed and forced withdrawal, like detention or police intervention, stepped in. 7. Industry vs inferiority in Erikson’s stages of personalities development According to SparkNotes (2009), Erikson proposed that in young adulthood, people face the challenge of developing intimate relationships with others. If they do not succeed, they may become isolated and lonely. So, she travelled with her boyfriend, Kwan, to Japan. Conclusion In viewing Jill Vidal’s incidence, many psychological theories and concepts are involved. Therefore, we can learn them from our everyday life. 4
  • 5. Reference 1. Atkinson, R. L. (1993). Introduction to Psychology (11th ed). USA: Harcourt Brace. 2. SparkNotes LLC, (2009). SparkNotes: 101s. Retrieved May 1, 2009, from Introduction: Psychology: SparkNotes: 101s Web site: http://www.sparknotes.com/ 101/psychology/introduction Appendix A 自爆海洛英減壓 詩 : 年 吸 150 次 詩成功戒毒顯得有點面圓發福,脫下囚衣換上少女服裝,擺甫 士由任拍照。   (星島日報報道)女歌手) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) 詩在日本藏毒案昨在東 京地方裁判所審訊,面容憔悴的她在庭上聲淚俱下作供,坦承因減壓而吸食海 洛英,更大爆一年來吸毒達一百五十次,而搜獲的毒品,則是在港透過櫃員機 付款購買,她在日被拘押兩個月接受戒毒,不斷反省深表悔意,承諾不再接觸 毒品,最後獲裁判官判監兩年,緩刑三年,當庭釋放,最快今日返回本港。   在日本因藏毒已被拘押六十日的。。。。。。。。。 詩,昨獲法庭輕判 緩刑,不需坐監。她在庭上承認每周吸毒二至三次,孿生姊姊衛蘭也知她吸毒 及多次勸喻戒毒,但因毒癮太深一直未能戒掉,卻在被拘押期間戒毒成功,功 詩聲稱現感身體健康和強壯,保證絕對不會再吸毒。她傍晚在東京下榻的酒店 接受傳媒拍照,不發一言 。   剛在獄中度過二十七歲生辰的的詩,今年二月二十四日和歌手關楚耀,在 東京涉谷雜貨店涉偷竊被截查,揭發藏有大麻煙被捕。關楚耀沒被起訴上月底 獲釋返港,底底底底底底底底底底底底底底底 詩則因藏十一小包共重一點八三 六克海洛英,被日警方引用《麻藥及向精神藥取締法》起訴,昨在東京地方裁 判所四二六號庭開審,裁裁裁裁裁裁裁裁裁裁裁裁裁裁裁裁裁裁裁裁 詩父親、經理人陳善之亦被傳召到庭作供。   。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。 詩穿藍色運動裝囚衣,藍色膠拖鞋, 被鎖上手銬,腰纏膠鎖鏈,昨晨被押到法院等候應訊。案件在當地時間下午二 時半開審,二二二二二二二二二二二二二二二 詩由兩名庭警左右押 上庭,她臉容憔悴,悴悴悴悴悴 一條馬 尾,頭髮蓬鬆。   她接受檢控官質詢及辯護律師引導作供時,均以英語回答,大爆自己成癮 君子經過。「出道以來很大壓力,經常被傳媒作負面報道,所以在○八年四月, 有朋友引誘下吸毒。」她承認吸食海洛英,一年來吸毒一百五十次,作供期間 不時哭泣抹淚。   。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。 詩續供稱,今年二月二十一日,在 港透過櫃員機付款,購買十多包海洛英。其間,控方展示一包白色粉末,在 詩承認藏有海洛英,她就此在庭上公開道歉,對不起朋友、香港人及日本人。   。。。。。。 詩三度強調獄中生活好恐怖,聲稱被拘押期間已經戒毒,「覺得健康、 強壯了,我不想過悲傷的生活。」 5
  • 6.   當檢控官質疑,她是否可以真正戒毒, 詩突然大聲說: 「絕對絕對已經戒掉,以後都不會再吸毒。」   經過一小時二十分鐘審訊,一直緊皺眉頭的裁判官判案時,語重心長說: 「你以後再是這樣,想再站起來便更加困難了。」他判了了了了了 詩監禁兩 年,獲緩刑三年,並解釋她在緩刑期間的刑責和權利,可在十四日內上訴。   。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。 詩當庭獲釋,與父親等人由法庭秘 密通道離開。據悉,秘秘秘秘秘秘秘秘秘秘 詩最快可於今日返港 2009-04-25 Appendix B 藏 11 包 海 洛 英   承 認 每 周 吸 兩 三 次 衞 詩 判 監 緩 刑 今 返 香 港 評分: 7.0 (54 人) 瀏覽人次: 9,100 回應: 80 【本報訊】香港女歌手衞詩今年2月底在日本涉嫌藏毒被捕,被 囚 60 日 後 昨 日 受 審 。 衞 詩 承 認 有 吸 毒 習 慣 , 每 星 期 吸 兩 、 三 次 , 案 發 期 間 因 「 有 需 要 」 , 才 冒 險 由 香 港 帶 了 11 包 、 共 重 1.836 克 的 海洛英往日本。她在庭上感激家人及男友關楚耀的支持,「想向 關心我的人道歉,我很對不起家人、朋友和香港人,甚至日本相 關部門。」主審法官判她入獄兩年、緩刑三年。衞詩隨即獲釋, 會在今日返港。 記者:黃文偉、梁美玲東京報道 現 年 27 歲 的 衞 詩 , 日 本 時 間 昨 早 9 時 半 ( 本 港 時 間 8 時 半 ) 乘 囚 車 到 達 東 京 地 方 裁 判 所 , 至 下 午 2 時 32 分 在 庭 警 押 解 下 現 身 法 庭 。 其 父 親 Joey Vidal 及 經 理 人 陳 善 之 均 出 席 作 供 , 眾 人 均 說 英 語 , 由 繙譯員以日語向法官轉述。 檢 察 官 讀 出 案 情 , 指 衞 詩 於 2 月 中 在 香 港 透 過 朋 友 買 了 16 包 海 洛 英 , 2 月 20 日 她 將 毒 品 從 香 港 經 日 本 羽 田 機 場 帶 入 境 , 日 本 警 方 24 日 在 她 的 行 李 中 搜 出 11 包 、 共 重 1.836 克 的 海 洛 英 。 衞 詩 承 認 在 08 年 4 月 開 始 吸 毒 , 每 星 期 吸 兩 至 三 次 , 過 去 一 年 吸 食 海 洛 英 達 100 至 150 次 。 她 在 香 港 會 致 電 毒 品 買 家 買 貨 , 並 透 過 銀 行 櫃 員 機 付款。當檢察官出示當日搜出的海洛英作呈堂證物時,衞詩不停 流淚,承認毒品屬她所有。 衞蘭一直勸她戒毒 衞蘭昨晚離開錄音室,沒有就其妹衞詩獲釋一事回應。 李志明 攝 辯護律師問衞詩為何吸毒,她聲稱其藝人職業及針對性的報道令 她感到很大壓力,但她知道海洛英是違禁品,罪行嚴重。律師再 問她知否吸毒會破壞其藝人身份?衞詩說:「知道,很恐怖,希 望能盡快康復。」她形容監獄是個很恐怖的地方,不過被囚後沒 有吸毒,令她身心健康了。 6
  • 7. 主審法官平出喜一問她曾否想過戒毒,衞詩回答想過很多次,姊 姊衞蘭也一直勸她戒毒,至今次她發生人生中最悲慘的事情,感 到很後悔,不想再入獄,故承諾遠離毒品。 衞詩父親作供時,被律師問到他知道女兒吸毒後有何感覺時,即 時 激 動 得 哽 咽 語 塞 , 顫 抖 地 說 : 「 I can't speak 」 。 其 後 衞 父 指 衞 蘭 已承諾照顧妹妹,一家人會協助衞詩改過自新。 檢察官結案陳詞時指,衞詩吸毒一年,擔心她日後再犯,其名人 身份會影響大眾,要求判她入獄兩年;辯護律師求請時稱,衞詩 對工作熱誠,但藝人身份令她有壓力,她仍年輕,對吸毒感到後 悔,加上有父母朋友求情,當日日本警方只在其男友關楚耀身上 搜出大麻煙,求法官判被告緩刑。主審法官終判衞詩入獄兩年, 緩刑三年,並告誡不能再令家人失望,要好好做人,緩刑期間她 不可再於日本犯事,否則緩刑失效。 唱片公司暗示解約 大批香港記者在法庭外採訪。 衞詩當場獲釋後,與父親等返回位於新宿的酒店,晚上步出酒店 給 記 者 拍 照 , 但 神 色 尷 尬 , 未 有 接 受 訪 問 。 同 行 的 Amusic 唱 片 公 司發言人沈小姐表示,衞詩將於今日返港。 對於衞詩緩刑獲釋,衞蘭昨晚離開北角錄音室時,不肯作出回應。 Amusic 高 層 王 凱 文 昨 則 強 調 , 公 司 在 早 前 的 記 者 會 上 已 表 明 立 場 , 言下之意即會跟衞詩解約。 衞詩在日本涉藏毒案雖已告一段落,但她返港後仍需協助香港警 方 調 查 。 昨 日 衞 詩 在 庭 上 供 稱 出 發 赴 日 本 前 曾 在 港 買 了 16 包 海 洛 英,據警方消息透露,毒品調查科會在機場等候衞詩錄取口供並 進行搜屋程序,以調查毒品來源。由於同一控罪不能作雙重指控, 故除非警方在衞詩寓所搜得毒品,否則她將不會被香港警方起訴。 衞詩受審示意圖 1. 衞 詩 的 雙 手 被 索 上 膠 帶 , 由 庭 警 押 解 上 庭 後 才 鬆 綁 , 答 辯 時 由 犯人座位步往法庭中間,其間多次落淚 2. 檢 察 官 手 持 一 袋 海 洛 英 作 為 呈 堂 物 品 3. 繙 譯 員 把 法 官 及 檢 察 官 的 日 語 繙 譯 為 英 語 , 又 將 衞 詩 的 英 語 譯 為日語 4. 衞 詩 父 親 自 認 教 女 無 方 , 激 動 落 淚 5. 辯 護 律 師 指 衞 詩 對 吸 毒 感 到 後 悔 , 請 求 法 官 判 她 緩 刑 6. 法 官 平 出 喜 一 告 誡 衞 詩 不 能 再 令 家 人 失 望 , 日 後 要 好 好 做 人 話你知 五年內被禁入日境 7
  • 8. 衞詩承認藏毒,被判入獄兩年、緩刑三年。根據日本法律,被判 入獄少於三年的犯人,不少可獲一至五年的緩刑期,其間不需入 獄,但若在緩刑期間又在當地犯法,則需執行之前的刑期。一般 獲判緩刑的外國犯人,除非有親人在日本,否則會被強制送還, 五年內被禁進入日本。 熟悉日本法律的香港大律師林沙文表示,由於衞詩違犯了麻藥及 向精神藥取締法,可被判刑、或被勒令出境及五年內不得出入日 本,不過可能因為她之前已被扣留兩個月,故法官才判以緩刑。 「今次案件性質畀人嘅感覺係個人吸食海洛英案件,加上佢第一 次犯案,年紀輕,帶入嚟嘅份量又唔算多,所以今次唔算輕判。」 特稿 居日港人旁聽睇明星 代田區的東京地方裁判所進行審訊,法院內外,喧鬧非常。除了 大批香港記者外,十多名純粹八卦的日本人及居日港人,在睇明 星心態下,也旁聽了為時一個半小時的聆訊。 14 名 港 記 者 旁 聽 一名居日港人表示,是從報章得知衞詩事件,問她對案件有何看 法,她說:「沒所謂,只要對自己做過的事負責便可。」日本人 山田先生坦言,今趟是頭一次往法院聽審,他稱庭外護衞指衞詩 案比較簡單,遂「推薦」他聽審此案。對於衞詩獲判緩刑,居日 港人黃女士覺得法官比較寬容,而辯護律師也表現優秀,反而不 滿庭上繙譯表現一般。 衞詩案於下午2時半才開審,但三十多名香港記者一早已到達法 院外等候。庭外護衞對記者提早五、六小時到場,也大表驚訝。 結 果 當 中 14 人 、 包 括 本 報 記 者 , 成 功 爭 取 入 內 旁 聽 。 由於被告是香港藝人,日本報章一直有報道事件,惟昨日因為醉 酒在公園全裸的日本男星草弓剪剛獲釋,成了當地傳媒焦點,故 昨日未見有日本記者往採訪衞詩。日本人武田先生是電視台職員, 他說是奉命來旁聽,以決定是否跟進事件,但其實他不知道衞詩 的身份,也不知道她所犯何罪。 本報記者 Appendix C Jill Vidal free on suspended 2-year term -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Canto-pop singer admits buying packets of heroin in Hong Kong Canto-pop singer Jill Vidal is free to return to Hong Kong after a Tokyo judge gave her a two-year jail term suspended for three years for heroin possession yesterday. The star, whose stage name is Wei Si, received the sentence after she pleaded guilty to possessing the drug, which she said she had brought from Hong Kong. 8
  • 9. Vidal, 27, had been in detention since February 24, when she and fellow singer Kelvin Kwan Chor-yiu were arrested in the Japanese capital on suspicion of shoplifting. Kwan was not charged and has returned to Hong Kong. The court heard police found 11 packets of powder, each weighing 1.836 grams, inside the cover of Vidal's suitcase. The powder was found to contain heroin. quot;I just want to apologise to the people who really care about me. I'm really sorry for people in Hong Kong, Japan, my family and my company,quot; Vidal said, sobbing. Pleading guilty, Vidal said that on February 13, before going to Tokyo, she had bought 16 packets of the drug in Hong Kong, paying for it through an ATM machine. A Hong Kong police spokesman said last night that officers would contact the Japanese authorities about the case. A police source said officers would question Vidal when she returned to the city. Judge Kiichi Hirade warned Vidal that if she committed a crime within three years, she would be sentenced for that as well as serving the two years for the drug charge. quot;Please do not betray your family or friends from now on,quot; he said, adding that Vidal had the right to appeal in 14 days. The convicted idol, who was selected to be an ambassador for a government anti-drug campaign in 2007, detailed her drug history at the trial. She told the court she began using heroin in April last year on a friend's recommendation. She said she had been buying it two or three times a week, paying through an ATM and having it delivered by a dealer. Her defence lawyer said Vidal had been under tremendous stress from her career and took the drugs for temporary relief. The court quot;can't categorically blame herquot; because of the circumstances such as the easy availability of the drugs in Hong Kong. He added that the long detention had already served as a punishment for Vidal, who had been socially damaged to the extent that it would be difficult to make a comeback as an entertainer. She had also suffered by being left alone after the departure of Kwan, whom the lawyer described as her boyfriend. In his closing argument, prosecutor Tomotaka Fujio demanded a two-year jail term, pointing out that Vidal was clearly addicted to heroin. 9
  • 10. Mr Fujio added that Vidal's deep addiction showed that there was a high possibility that she would offend again. But Vidal insisted that she had managed to quit the drug. Hong Kong barrister Shahmim K. Khattak, who is familiar with Japanese law, said the penalty was relatively light but the detention before the trial had been too long. Normally a suspect held in Japan would only be detained for up to 23 days. Hong Kong Performing Artistes Guild chairman Alan Tam Wing-lun said the 60-day detention was a long enough punishment for Vidal and he hoped she would not make the same mistake again. A police source said Vidal would face a similar investigation to that undergone by Kwan when he returned to the city on March 28. The singer was questioned by police when he arrived at the airport and was met by a narcotics division officer who searched his home but found no drugs. Vidal and Kwan were arrested in the Dogenzaka shopping area, in the Shibuya district of Tokyo, at 1am on February 24. Police found a rolled-up cigarette containing cannabis on Kwan but he was not charged. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Vivienne Chow and Phyllis Tsang 2009-04-25 10

×