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Horticulture Is Therapy


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  • 1. Horticulture is Therapy
    Mike MaddoxHorticulture Educator, Rock Co. UW-ExtensionDirector of Education, Rotary Botanical Gardens
  • 2. Horticulture
    The art and science of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants
  • 3. Benefits of Plants
    Social / personal wellness
  • 4. Benefits of Plants: Wellness
    Surgery Recovery
    Shorter post-operative stays
    Less use of potent drugs and better attitudes
    Roger Ulrich. Texas A &M. Studies on nature and medical recovery
  • 5. The Neese Memorial Rooftop Garden, Beloit Hospital
  • 6. Benefits of Plants: Wellness
    Lifestyle Recovery
    Attention fatigue restored
    Improved relationships and career coping
    Cimprich, B. 1992. Attentional Fatigue Following Breast Cancer Surgery. Research in Nursing and Health 15, 199-207
  • 7. Blackhawk Technical College, Janesville
  • 8. University of Wisconsin- Rock County, Janesville
  • 9. Boerner Botanical Gardens, Hales Corners
  • 10. Benefits of Plants: Wellness
    In laboratory research, visual exposure to settings with trees has produced significant recovery from stress within five minutes, as indicated by changes in blood pressure and muscle tension.
    Dr. Roger S. Ulrich Texas A&M University
  • 11. Marathon County roadside views, Wisconsin
  • 12. Horticultural Therapy
    Horticultural therapy (HT) is not only an emerging profession, it is a time-proven practice. The therapeutic benefits of peaceful garden environments have been understood since ancient times. In the 19th century, Dr. Benjamin Rush, a signer of the Declaration of Independence and considered to be the "Father of American Psychiatry," reported that garden settings held curative effects for people with mental illness.
    Rehabilitative care of hospitalized war veterans in the 1940’s and 1950’s greatly expanded the practice of HT. Today, HT is recognized as a practical and viable treatment with wide-ranging benefits for people in therapeutic, vocational, and wellness programs.
    American Horticulture Therapy Association
  • 13. Horticultural Therapy
    The use of plants by a trained professional as a medically prescribed procedure through which certain clinically defined goals of a client may be met.
    American Horticultural Therapy Association
    Active process
  • 14. Fine and Gross
    Motor Skills
  • 15. Therapeutic Horticulture
    The process by which individuals may develop well-being using plants and horticulture
    No professional training required!
    Active or passive process
  • 16. Therapeutic Horticulture
    Plants and the individual
    Measurable physiological effects
    Heart rate
    Blood pressure
    Brain waves
    Measurable psychological effects
  • 17. Therapeutic Horticulture
    Restorative Environments
    Recovery from mental fatigue
    Recovery from stress
    “Healing Gardens”
  • 18. Therapeutic Horticulture
    Viewing landscapes
    Dorm room
    Prison / jail
    Nursing home
    Tolerance to pain
    Reaction times
    Hospital time
    Health complaints
  • 19. Therapeutic Horticulture
    Residential Gardens
    Social interaction
    Personal satisfaction
    Leisure-time activity
  • 20. Therapeutic Horticulture
    Community Gardens
    Provide green space for neighborhood
    Opportunities for social interaction
    Improved quality of life
    Fresh, better tasting foods
    Enjoyment of nature
  • 21. Therapeutic Horticulture
    Children’s Gardens
    Improved self-esteem
    Stress reduction
    Improved nutrition
    Science education
    Environmental awareness
  • 22. Therapeutic Horticulture
    Nearby-by nature
    Property values
    Residential neighborhood satisfaction
    Life satisfaction
    Social interaction
  • 23. Therapeutic Horticulture
    Healing landscapes
    Found in treatment settings
    A space to look out at
    A space for passive or quasi-passive activities
    Can be used by patients, visitors, and staff
    Have therapeutic effects
    Not for organized treatment
  • 24. Therapeutic Horticulture
    Healing landscape benefits
    Stress reduction
    Reduction of depression
    Improved quality of life
    Reduced pain
    Improved way-finding
    Reduced provider costs
    Increased patient mobility
    Higher patient satisfaction
    Increased staff job satisfaction
  • 25. Rock Haven, Janesville
  • 26. Therapeutic Horticulture
    The process by which individuals may develop well-being using plants and horticulture
    Active or passive process
  • Intellectual
    Memory stimulation
    Alph. Cultivars
    Measure and layout beds
    Read instruction
  • 40. Intellectual
    Vocational skills
    Tool usage
    Work ethic
    Working in groups
    Working independently
    Following instructions
  • 41. Physical
    Sensory stimulation
    Daily life skills
    Physical activity
  • 42. Physical
    Fine and gross motor skills
    Tool usage
    Carrying produce
    Washing produce
    Mowing and tilling
  • 43. Emotional
    Self worth
    Self esteem
  • 44. Social
    Working together
  • 45. Spiritual
  • 46. Initial Program Ideas
    Teach gardening to jail inmates
    MGV selected and hired to be garden educators
    Nutrition education segment added later
    In response to need to feed participants
    Utilize harvest in kitchen to offset meal preparation costs
    County went to caterer that year; produce not wanted by subcontractor
  • 47. What Really Happened
    Program evolved into reinforcing life-skills development taught in RECAP.
    Communication, following directions, team work, responsibility, success, etc.
    Preparation for vocational placement.
    Outside of green industry
    Diversionary activity for when released.
    Reduce recidivism
    Produce donated to area food pantries (80%) and other county institutions (20%)
  • 48. Results
    Over 20,000lbs has been donated
  • 49. Impact
    "Getting out of unit and away from same four walls - keeps my mind occupied and not think of bad stuff." Steven.
    “My wife and kids go to Echo [food pantry]. Even though I’m in here, I still feel like I’m providing for them.” Chip.
  • 50. Impact
    “I need to be a good role model for my kids… I like that the garden gives back to the community…” Chris.
    “I already know how to rototill… it’s now learning how to work with others.” Gary.
  • 51. Impact
    “… vegetable soup really ain’t all that bad! I did not pick anything out of it and I ate it all. I would NEVER even try it had I been on the outside.” Tammy.
    “There was noticeable improvement in attitude after the inmates ate the vegetable soup for lunch in the unit.” Lyle Yaun, RECAP Community Service Coordinator.
  • 52. Impact
    “…before this, my idea of cooking was going through the drive thru at McDonalds." John.
    “…I never knew where food came from. When I get out, I want to go to culinary school at [the tech-college]." Ebert.
  • 53. Impact
    "I learned how to enjoy life's simple pleasures." Carlos.
    “…I never had a garden before but would like to have one now that I know more.” Carl.
  • 54. Therapeutic Horticulture and YOU!