War Of 1812


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  • British troops lined up, planning to attack General William Henry Harrison on the banks of the Thames, driving the Americans off the road with cannon fire. Tecumseh's warriors took up positions in a swamp, while Tecumseh rode along the line of British soldiers shaking hands with the officers before joining his warriors. General Harrison surveyed the battlefield and ordered a frontal attack against the British regulars with his mounted Kentucky riflemen. Immediately Procter and about 250 of his men fled from the field. The rest surrendered. Tecumseh and his followers remained and carried on fighting.
  • British fleet of about nineteen ships began pounding the fort. After the initial exchange of fire, British withdrew to just beyond the range of Fort McHenry’s cannons and continued to bombard the Americans for the next 25 hours. Despite the many cannonballs launched, damage was light.
  • The treaty released all prisoners and restored all war lands and boats and returned to America approximately 10,000,000 acres of territory.. The treaty made no major changes to the pre-war situation, but did make a few promises. Britain promised to return captured black slaves, but instead a few years later paid the United States for them. The British proposal to create an Indian buffer zone in Ohio and Michigan collapsed after the Indian coalition fell apart. The United States ignored the guarantees made regarding American treatment of the Indians.
  • War Of 1812

    1. 1. War of 1812 By: Alexa
    2. 2. Causes of the War <ul><li>First, a series of trade restrictions introduced by Britain to impede American trade with France, a country with which Britain was at war. </li></ul><ul><li>Second, an impressment (forced recruitment) of American soldiers into the Royal Navy </li></ul><ul><li>Third, British military support of the American Indians (Britain offering armed resistance to westward expansion) </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Fighting <ul><li>On the oceans—they preyed on each other’s merchant ships </li></ul><ul><li>Along the Atlantic coast—U.S. blockaded by British </li></ul><ul><li>On the long frontier—along the St. Lawrence river and Great Lakes to separate U.S. from Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Along the coast of Gulf of Mexico </li></ul>
    4. 4. England burns Washington <ul><li>Washington D.C. was attacked in August of 1814 by the invading British army making its way to Chesapeake Bay </li></ul><ul><li>James Madison was president at the time </li></ul>
    5. 5. Battle of Thames <ul><li>October 5, 1813 </li></ul><ul><li>American victory </li></ul><ul><li>Led to reestablishment of Northwest frontier </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Tecumseh was killed during battle, destroying alliance with Native Americans. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Siege of Baltimore <ul><li>American forces warded off a British sea invasion of the port city of Baltimore, Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>Battle inspired Francis Scott Key to write our “Star Spangled Banner” </li></ul><ul><li>September 13, 1812 </li></ul>
    7. 7. Plattsburgh Battle <ul><li>A British army under Lieutenant General Sir George Prévost and a navy under Captain George Downie converged on the lakeside town of Plattsburgh, which was defended by American troops. </li></ul><ul><li>Attacked on September 11, 1814 </li></ul><ul><li>Prevost abandoned the battle and retreated to Canada stating that if Plattsburgh was captured, it could not be supplied without control of the lake. </li></ul>                                
    8. 8. Battle of New Orleans <ul><li>December 23, 1814to January 8, 1815 </li></ul><ul><li>Commanded by Andrew Jackson, American forces defeated an invading British army intent on capturing New Orleans and the vast territory America had acquired through the Louisiana Purchase </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Ghent was formed </li></ul>
    9. 9. Treaty of Ghent <ul><li>Peace treaty between America and Britain that ended the War of 1812. </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty came before the Battle of New Orleans, but because communication was so slow, news hadn’t reached Britain before they attacked. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Results <ul><li>There was no resolution of the original disputes </li></ul><ul><li>No territory gained for either side </li></ul>
    11. 11. Importance <ul><li>War promoted American nationalism and patriotism </li></ul><ul><li>Crushed Indian resistance in South and West </li></ul><ul><li>Federalist Party died </li></ul><ul><li>Industrialization began in New England </li></ul>