Transportation Revolution, 1790-1860 (turnpikes, canals[1]

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  • 1. TRANSPORTATION REVOLUTION, 1790-1860(TURNPIKES, CANALS, TRAILS, RAILROADS,STEAMBOATS)
  • 2. SIGNIFICANCE Westward Expansion Industrial Revolution (connecting raw materials with factories and markets) Created a national market economy with regional areas specializing in certain economic activites. Jump started the building of new cities.
  • 3. TURNPIKES AND ROADS The Lancaster Turnpike in Pennsylvania was highly successful, and helped jump start western development. Turnpike boom lasted about 20 years. The National Road (Cumberland Road) is built in 1811.
  • 4. STEAMBOATS Overlapped the turnpike boom The first successful steamboat was built by Robert Fulton. Steamboats were a big hit because in changed America’s navigable steams which doubled the carrying capacity. Ran 10 miles an hour Played a big part in opening the West and South
  • 5. CANALS The Erie Canal linked the Great Lakes with the Hudson River (1817-1825) Shipping time reduced from 20 days to 6 days. New cities emerged such as Rochester and Syracuse. NY became the fastest growing and wealthiest city on the east coast.
  • 6. RAILROADS The first transcontinental railroad is built in 1869. They were faster and cheaper to build than canals. By 1860, 30,000 miles of railroad track covered the US.
  • 7. OPPOSITION Turnpikes- States’ rights advocates didn’t want federal aid to local internal improvements, and the Eastern states were concerned over population growth. Railroads- canal builder, turnpike investors and some famers who made money transporting goods were opposed to the railroad system.