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Transportation Revolution 1790   1860
 

Transportation Revolution 1790 1860

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    Transportation Revolution 1790   1860 Transportation Revolution 1790 1860 Presentation Transcript

    • The Transportation Revolution 1790 - 1860 By Connor
    • Cause
      • Main cause - Panic of 1819: need for more effective transportation goods.
    • Modes of Transportation
    • Steamboats
      • Steamboat - first one in 1807 known as “Clermont” on the Hudson River
        • Preferred mode of water transportation
        • Number of Steamboats rose from 17 to 69 between 1817 and 1820. By 1855 number reached 727.
        • Before Steamboats were flatboats which carried goods down the Mississippi River. Once reached bottom, sold as firewood.
        • Symbol of the West
    • Dangers of Steamboats
      • Fires were common due to huge furnaces and carried flammable cargo
      • Boiler explosions destroyed steamer and its passengers
    • Waterways
      • Steamboats gained popularity - building of canals.
      • 1816 - US had only 100 miles of canal
      • Erie Canal - first major canal project
      • The canal system linked the major trading and manufacturing center of the nation.
    • Railroads
      • Railroad boom kicked in late 1830s
      • By 1840, 3,000 miles of track had been lain in America
      • Investment in railroads had outstripped that in canals.
      • Railroads - faster, cheaper, and greater range than canals
    • Effects
      • Rapid growth of towns and cities