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  • 1. The Missouri Compromise
  • 2. Background
    • America, in the 1800’s, was divided into slave and free states.
    • There was a want of both types of states to have equal numbers of each.
  • 3. Division of the States before 1820
    • Slave States
    • Delaware
    • Georgia
    • Maryland
    • South Carolina
    • Virginia
    • North Carolina
    • Kentucky
    • Tennessee
    • Louisiana
    • Mississippi
    • Alabama
    • Free States
    • New Jersey (slave until 1804)
    • Pennsylvania
    • Connecticut
    • Massachusetts
    • New Hampshire
    • New York (slave until 1799)
    • Rhode Island
    • Vermont
    • Ohio
    • Indiana
    • Illinois
  • 4. Reasons for the Compromise
    • Missouri, having a high enough population, wished to become a state.
    • However the free states did not wish for another slave state to be admitted without a free state.
  • 5. Facts about the Compromise
    • It was passed in 1820.
    • It involved the regulation of slavery in the western territories
    • It was an agreement between both the pro-slavery and anti-slavery parties in congress.
  • 6. Main points of the Compromise
    • It admitted to the United States Maine, a free state, and Missouri, a slave state.
    • It prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Territory above the parallel 36°30' north, except for within Missouri.
    • This was known as the
    • Missouri Compromise Line.
  • 7. Historical Significance
    • This was the first instance of Congressional exclusion of slavery from public territory since the Northwest Ordinance.
    • Until 1836, no other states were admitted to the United States.
  • 8. Repeal
    • The prohibition of slavery north of the parallel 36°30' north was repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854.
    • In the Dred Scott v. Sandford case in 1857, the Supreme Court ruled that Congress did not have the power to prohibit slavery in territories and that the Missouri Compromise Line was unconstitutional.
  • 9. Works Cited
    • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/85/US_Slave_Free_1789-1861.gif
    • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c8/United_States_1820-1821-07.png
    • http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/score_lessons/evolution_of_civilrights/images/map.jpg