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The Hartford Convention

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  • 1. The HartfordConvention
  • 2. OverviewGathering of Federalists delegates inHartford, Connecticut from 5 differentNew England states: Connecticut,Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermontand New HampshireDecember 15, 1814-January 5, 1815Delegates discussed grievancesagainst Democratic-Republican policiesduring the War of 1812Proposed changes to governmentpolicies
  • 3. Causes Of DiscontentThe War of 1812 was extremelyunpopular in New England:  Were sympathetic with Britain; resented Democratic-Republicans sympathy with the “anti-Christ of the age,” Napoleon Acquisition of Canada would only increase number of agrarian states • Would weaken Federalist voting power in Congress
  • 4. Causes of Discontent Enactment of coastal tradeembargo depressed economyand reduced federal revenues •Additionally aggravated New England because disallowed New England’s illicit trade with the British in Canada Federal government also proposed the nationalizing of all statemilitias •Didn’t want to support national cause; didn’t want Democratic- Republicans to have this much power
  • 5. The Hartford ConventionInitiated after Massachusetts governor proposedradical action to the state legislature Moderates instead called for meeting of delegates from entire region People involved: Twenty-six delegates total; only three popularly elected, the rest were appointed by state legislatures Led by Massachusetts’ George Cabot  Considered extralegal and held in secret Actual convention very moderate, despite previous discussion by some of secession
  • 6. Demands and Proposals Financial compensation for lost tradeTwo-thirds vote in Congress to pass an embargo, admitnew states or declare warAbolish three-fifths clauseLimit presidents to a single term and disallow twosuccessive presidents from a single state Wanted to end “Virginia Dynasty”These represent New England’s wish to retain it’spower; didn’t want to become subservient to expandingagrarian regions
  • 7. ResultsProposals delivered right after U.S.victory in New Orleans and later theTreaty of GhentNew England was merelydisregarded or even consideredtreasonousEnd of the Federalists: no othersuccessful federalists presidentialcampaigns after this humiliation