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  • The first political party system of the U.S. was the Federalist party and the Democratic-Republican party. The Republican party would soon turn into the Democratic Party and Federalist Party would turn into the Whig Party. The federalists, like the Whigs were nationalists who believed in business and commerce, and were elitist. The early Republicans, like the later Democrats, were more for state power and favored the average man.
  • INTRO: Both the Whigs and the Democrats wanted what was best for America, but they each had different ways of going about doing so. As a party it did not exist before 1834, but its nucleus was formed in 1824 when the adherents of John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay joined forces against Andrew Jackson. A political party of the United States during the era of Jacksonian democracy the Whig Party was a reaction to the authoritarian policies of Andrew Jackson . “King Andrew,” as his critics labeled him, had enraged his political opponents by his actions regarding the Bank of the United States , Native Americans, the Supreme Court and his use of presidential war powers. The term Whig was taken from English politics, the name of a faction that opposed royal tyranny. 3. Jackson critics, states’ rights advocates, and supporters of the American System made up the Whig Party
  • In the election of 1852, the party was torn wide open by sectional interests. Both Clay and Webster died during the campaign, and Winfield Scott, the Whig presidential candidate, won only 42 electoral votes. This brought about a quick end to the party, and its remnants gravitated toward other parties. The newly formed (1854) Republican party and the sharply divided Democratic party absorbed the largest segments. Other Whigs, led by Fillmore, drifted into the Know-Nothing movement.

Transcript

  • 1. The 2 nd Party System 1834-1856 Whig vs. Democrats
  • 2. History
    • YEAR HAMILTONIANS JEFFERSONIANS
    • ca. 1792 Federalists Democratic-Republicans
    • ca. 1816 Death of Federalists
    • ca. 1820 Republicans One Party:
      • Era of Good Feelings
    • ca. 1825 National Republicans Democratic-Republicans
    • 1834 Whigs Democrats
    • 1854 Republicans
      • To present To present
  • 3.
    • WHIGS
    • DEMOCRATS
    Vs.
  • 4. Whigs
    • Modernization
    • Active from 1833-1856
    • Industry
    • The party broke off into the Free Soil Party, the Know-Nothing Party, and the modern Republican Party
  • 5. Whigs
    • Party of modernization
    • Active from 1834-1856
    • In the beginning, the party was held together by an opposition to Andrew Jackson
    • The name was chosen to echo the American Whigs of 1776, who fought for independence, and because "Whig" was then a widely recognized label of choice for people who saw themselves as opposing tyranny
  • 6. Whigs
    • More industry oriented
      • Nationalists
      • Wanted big business and commerce
    • Believed in progress through internal growth
    • Favored gradual territorial expansion over time
  • 7. Whigs
    • Favored a federalist government
    • Favored the elite
  • 8. Whigs
    • Supported the supremacy of Congress over the presidency
    • Favored a program of modernization and economic protection
    • Advocated a loose interpretation of the Constitution
    • Supported the Protective Tariff and the National Bank
  • 9. Whigs
    • The party broke off into the Free soil Party, the Know-Nothing Party, and the modern Republican Party
  • 10. Democrats
    • Tradition
    • Emphasis on farming
    • State rights
  • 11. Democrats
    • Party of tradition
    • Favored the common man
    • Glorified the individual
    • Founded in 1828
      • Andrew Jackson was the first major leader
  • 12. Democrats
    • Farming oriented
    • Favored state rights
      • Less federal involvement in the development of states
  • 13. Democrats
    • Believed in progress through external growth
    • Against the Protective Tariff and the National Bank
    • Favored rapid territorial expansion over space by purchase or war
  • 14. Significance
    • The rivalry between the parties was important because it started the Second Party System that exists today.