Preliminary Causes of Conflict
• The precursors of the conflict emerged at the
end of the Mexican War of Independence
• Indian raids were causing problems
• Grant given to Stephen Austin to colonize
The New Texans
• Texans soon outnumbered Mexicans in Texas-
• Mexican government issues several regulatory
measures to control the Texans
• Texans obviously ignored or circumvented
• Reasons for discontentment: slavery,
government location, religion, Mexican
• The Mexicans also restricted the Texans from
• Stephen Austin went to Mexico City to talk to
Santa Anna, the dictator.
• In 1835 the Mexican government
began to transition to Centralism.
• This new strong federal
government began to anger
Texans, who staged a minor revolt.
• Santa Anna then reinforced
Mexican military positions in Texas
Battle of Gonzales• Santa Anna
calls to disarm
• The Texans in
Gonzales had a
they refused to
give up, so 100
in to take it.
• The Mexicans
found only 18
Texans, but the
Siege of Bexar
• The Mexicans retreated to Bexar amidst
several minor skirmishes.
• The Texans looted thousands of dollars of
food, blankets, clothing, and other provisions.
• Cos, in charge of 200 Mexican cavalrymen
moved to the nearby Alamo mission.
Surrender of Cos
• On December 11, 1835 Cos surrendered.
• Under the terms of the treaty he was
supposed to leave Texas and no longer fight.
The Provisional Government
• After Cos left the Texans set up a intermediate
• Sam Houston was Commander-in-Chief and
Henry Smith was the Governor.
• Their main goal was to resist the Mexicans so
they began to set up a country
Santa Anna’s Offensive
• Santa Anna stepped
down from the
relieve Cos as head
of the Army
• He believed he
could quell the
rebellion in Texas
• Santa Anna takes
Jackson and the
U.S. not to get
• The new bold strategy worked well for the
Mexicans. After winning minor battles at
Battle of San Patricio and Battle of Agua
Dulce, the Mexicans defeated the Texans at
• They caught the Texans in retreat, and forced
them to surrender. A week later they lined
them up and killed all 300 in the “Goliad
• About 180 Texans at the Alamo, commanded by
William Travis faced off against 1500 Mexicans.
• After a long battle all the Texans died as well as
an estimated 600 Mexicans
Santa Anna Surrenders at San Jacinto
• Santa Anna heads towards Galveston to smash
the Provisional government.
• The Texans meet his column and do to Houston's
indecisiveness end up waiting, while Santa Anna
• The Texans fight outnumbered 900 to over 1200,
but win effectively