Who was Monroe?•5th President•Anti-federalist•Got 80% of vote.•Had prior experience.•Signified the "end of an era".
What was going on?•End of Napoleonic Wars = establishment of Holy Alliance.•Holy Alliance wanted to reestablish Bourbon control over Spain and colonies (Mexico, Latin America)
Would jeopardize Britains influence of trade in that region.Britain wants joint statement separating Old World from New.USA says, "That sounds like a good idea," then proceeds to declare statement separating Old World from New.
The Actual Doctrine•Monroe wanted to protect the newly independent Spanish colonies.• Any act of interference or colonization in the Americas by a European power would be received as an act of aggression towards the United States.• The US agreed to do the same.• Not an actual law.
Reactions•British supported it.•Latin America supported it.•The British enforced it the most.
Notable Future Uses•1842 annexing of Hawaii.•1862 French Invasion of Mexico by Napoleon III.• Venezuela Crisis of 1895.• Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962.• The Roosevelt Corollary.
Overall Impact•Supported Washingtons isolationist policy.•US became policemen of the Americas.•US became undisputed power of the New World.• National security secured for the most part.• US became heavily involved in Latin American affairs, for better or worse.• Ensured Latin American countries kept control of their own people.