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Marbury v madison 5
Marbury v madison 5
Marbury v madison 5
Marbury v madison 5
Marbury v madison 5
Marbury v madison 5
Marbury v madison 5
Marbury v madison 5
Marbury v madison 5
Marbury v madison 5
Marbury v madison 5
Marbury v madison 5
Marbury v madison 5
Marbury v madison 5
Marbury v madison 5
Marbury v madison 5
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Marbury v madison 5

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  • 1. M ARBURY V. M ADISON
  • 2. BACKGROUND
  • 3. AND THE JUDICIARY ACT OF 1801 M IDNIGHT JUDGES The last important law passed by the Federalist Congress 16 new Federalist judgeship positions Nickname for judgeships became midnight judges Jeffersonians outraged at the Judiciary Act of 1801
  • 4. Justice of the Peace of Washington, D.C. On the behalf of several other midnight judges, Marbury sued Madison for the missing commissions. Marbury’s lawyer issued writ of mandamus, leading the case to the Supreme Court. THE TWO PARTIES: WILLIAM MARBURY
  • 5. Secretary of the State Ordered by Jefferson to withhold any commissions to prevent the fulfillment of the Judiciary Act THE TWO PARTIES: JAMES MADISON
  • 6. THE CASE
  • 7. Strict Federalist and enemy to Thomas Jefferson Realized futility in declaring executive branch to enforce writ of mandamus PRESIDING JUDGE: JOHN MARSHALL
  • 8. COURT HOUSE Brought to the Supreme Court in 1803 IN THE 6 month long recess from Congress to allow concrete evidence Judiciary Act of 1801 revoked by Congress after 1 year Once court returned, Marshall dismissed Marbury’s case
  • 9. THE VERDICT
  • 10. TO AVOID DIRECT POLITICAL CONFRONTATION, M ARSHALL DISM ISSED THE CASE ON THE GROUNDS OF UNCONSTITUTIONALITY.
  • 11. M OTIVE Direct confrontation would ensure a loss to the Supreme Court Created the power of judicial review Marshall formed first distinctive power for the Court
  • 12. JUDICIAL REVIEW Removed important power from powerful Congress PRINCIPLE OF Directly contrasted ideas seen in Kentucky Resolutions Power to determine or deem an act of Congress unconstitutional First definitive power given to the Court
  • 13. THE SIGNIFICANCE
  • 14. THE SUPREM E COURT Supreme Court essentially irrelevant without power of judicial review POW ERS TO Definitive power to limit Congress & Executive Branch Limits previously strong power of the states First case to actually define certain powers of Judicial Branch
  • 15. SOURCES: INFO KENNEDY, DAVID, LIZABETH COHEN, AND THOM AS BAILEY. THE AM ERICAN PAGEANT. 14TH. BOSTON, M A: W ADSW ORTH, 2006. PRINT. “M ARBURY V. M ADISON." OUR DOCUM ENTS. N.P., N.D., W EB. 8 NOV2010. <W W W .OURDOCUM ENTS.GOV>. M R. KLOPFENSTEIN’S LECTURE NOTES
  • 16. SOURCES: PICTURES JAM ES M ADISON: http://www.google.com /im gres? im gurl=http://upload.wikim edia.org/wikipedia/com m ons/archive/1/1d/20080927092749! Jam es_M adison.jpg&im grefurl=http://com m ons.wikim edia.org/wiki/File:Jam es_M adison.jpg&usg=__jVOINm 5L9pnRP JCojOZHAks4U=&h=348&w=375&sz=20&hl=en&start=1&sig2=6Yuw5uU6IQQ9tVKwQ59Hxw&zoom =1&um =1&itbs= 1&tbnid=PBW iscVDAm 5YiM :&tbnh=113&tbnw=122&prev=/im ages%3Fq%3Djam es%2Bm adison%26um %3D1%26hl %3Den%26tbs%3Disch:1&ei=SZzYTOKzKcX6lweV2-CACQ W ILLIAM M ARBURY http://www.google.com /im gres? im gurl=http://upload.wikim edia.org/wikipedia/com m ons/d/d0/M arbury.jpg&im grefur l=http://com m ons.wikim edia.org/wiki/File:M arbury.jpg&usg=__EHZXNR11yzlsU9LIJz H0SStIohg=&h=234&w=181&sz=40&hl=en&start=3&sig2=20ym vIvKDwTEK_Kp_5w UfQ&zoom =1&um =1&itbs=1&tbnid=BVqh5V9n9C0O9M :&tbnh=109&tbnw=84&prev =/im ages%3Fq%3Dwilliam %2Bm arbury%26um %3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN %26tbs%3Disch:1&ei=0ZvYTOeeJcOblgeChaC0CQ SECTION PICTURE: http://www.google.com /im gres? im gurl=http://upload.wikim edia.org/wikipedia/com m ons/b/b9/M arbury_v_M adison_John_M arshall_by_ Swatjester.jpg&im grefurl=http://com m ons.wikim edia.org/wiki/File:M arbury_v_M adison_John_M arshall_b y_Swatjester.jpg&usg=__k1nAlRm kE_C_zD9KtZhJnT0cLBU=&h=677&w=1024&sz=200&hl=en&start=4& sig2=b4XOtI90qVroVo0cYOenGQ&zoom =1&um =1&itbs=1&tbnid=sEKttBEak7CeXM :&tbnh=99&tbnw=15 0&prev=/im ages%3Fq%3Dm arbury%2Bv.%2Bm adison%26um %3D1%26hl%3Den%26tbs %3Disch:1&ei=bJzYTLuQKoO0lQe8scX_CA

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