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Lewisandclark 5

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    Lewisandclark 5 Lewisandclark 5 Presentation Transcript

    • The Lewis and Clark Expedition
    • The Louisiana Purchase
      • Purchased by Thomas Jefferson from France for $15 million in 1803 money.
      • Jefferson was uneasy about France and Spain being able to block US trade to New Orleans.
      • Doubled the size of the United States.
      • Largely unknown territory.
      • Jefferson thought there could be a waterway that connected to the Pacific Ocean.
    • Were there earlier expeditions in western North America?
      • Lewis and Clark were the third recorded expedition across North America.
      • Sir Alexander Mackenzie crossed North America in 1789.
      • Cabeza de Vaca reached the Pacific Ocean in 1536 with three others with the Narváez expedition.
    • Corps of Discovery
      • Scientific and Military expedition to explore the newly acquired Louisiana Purchase.
      • Made up of Meriwether Lewis and William Clark plus 31 other men.
      • Were supposed find a water passage from the United States to the Pacific Ocean for commerce and communication.
      • Also to study the natural resources of the Pacific Northwest.
    • Meriwether Lewis
      • Born in Virginia in 1774.
      • Had skills of an outdoorsman.
      • Joined the US Army in 1795 until 1801.
      • Was an aide to President Jefferson and resided in the presidential mansion.
      • Was chosen by Jefferson to lead an expedition to explore the recently purchased Louisiana Purchase.
    • William Clark
      • Also born in Virginia in 1770.
      • Chosen by Meriwether Lewis to help lead the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
      • Afterwards he was the territorial governor of Missouri.
      • Served as the Superintendent of Indian Affairs.
    • The Start of the Expedition
      • Meriwether Lewis departed Pittsburg, Pennsylvania on August 31, 1803, which was the true start of the expedition.
      • The expedition departed Camp Dubois in the Illinois Territory and followed the Missouri River Westward.
    • Missouri River
      • After departing St. Charles the expedition passed La Charrette, which was the last white settlement on the Missouri.
      • Lewis and Clark passed through what is now Kansas City, Missouri and Omaha, Nebraska and camped at the confluence of the Missouri and Kansas Rivers.
      • Sergeant Charles Floyd died of acute appendicitis on August 20, 1804. The first death for the Corps of Discovery.
    • Encounters with Natives
      • Lewis and Clark encountered many natives along the Missouri River.
      • The Yankton Sioux were the first tribe they encountered and were for the most part peaceful.
      • The Lakota tribe was much more hostile and demanded a boat from the expedition.
      • The Corps were prepared to fight back when the Lakota pulled back.
    • Sacagawea
      • During the winter of 1804-05 the expedition built Fort Mandan.
      • It was here Lewis and Clark employed a French fur trapper and his young Shoshone wife, Sacagawea.
      • Sacagawea served as a translator and sometimes a guide for the expedition.
    • Crossing the Rockies
      • Lewis and Clark crossed over the Continental Divide at Lemhi Pass.
      • The expedition thought they would cross the Rockies in a day but it turned into an 11 day ordeal.
      • Americans were not aware of the size of the Rocky Mountains.
    • The Pacific Ocean
      • After crossing the Rocky Mountains the Corps of Discovery made their way towards the Columbia River.
      • They followed the Columbia River past present day Portland, Oregon and eventually to the Pacific Ocean.
      • The party built Fort Clatsop, near present day Astoria, Oregon, as their winter camp.
    • The Return
      • On their journey home Lewis and Clark used four dugout wood canoes.
      • After an encounter with the Blackfeet natives in which two natives were killed.
      • Lewis and Clark separated fleeing the Blackfeet and were reunited at the confluence of the Yellowstone and Missouri Rivers.
      • After reuniting the Corps of Discovery followed the Missouri River back to St. Louis on September 23, 1806.
    • The Legacy
      • Lewis and Clark filled in a large blank space on the map of North America, which had not previously been mapped.
      • The expedition documented 178 plants and 122 species of animals, including a Prairie Dog which was sent to Thomas Jefferson alive.
      • The Corps also established somewhat cordial relations with Natives in the area.
    • Sources
      • http://lewis-clark.org /
      • http:// www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark /
      • http:// www.pbs.org/lewisandclark /