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Lewisandclark 5 Lewisandclark 5 Presentation Transcript

  • The Lewis and Clark Expedition
  • The Louisiana Purchase
    • Purchased by Thomas Jefferson from France for $15 million in 1803 money.
    • Jefferson was uneasy about France and Spain being able to block US trade to New Orleans.
    • Doubled the size of the United States.
    • Largely unknown territory.
    • Jefferson thought there could be a waterway that connected to the Pacific Ocean.
  • Were there earlier expeditions in western North America?
    • Lewis and Clark were the third recorded expedition across North America.
    • Sir Alexander Mackenzie crossed North America in 1789.
    • Cabeza de Vaca reached the Pacific Ocean in 1536 with three others with the Narváez expedition.
  • Corps of Discovery
    • Scientific and Military expedition to explore the newly acquired Louisiana Purchase.
    • Made up of Meriwether Lewis and William Clark plus 31 other men.
    • Were supposed find a water passage from the United States to the Pacific Ocean for commerce and communication.
    • Also to study the natural resources of the Pacific Northwest.
  • Meriwether Lewis
    • Born in Virginia in 1774.
    • Had skills of an outdoorsman.
    • Joined the US Army in 1795 until 1801.
    • Was an aide to President Jefferson and resided in the presidential mansion.
    • Was chosen by Jefferson to lead an expedition to explore the recently purchased Louisiana Purchase.
  • William Clark
    • Also born in Virginia in 1770.
    • Chosen by Meriwether Lewis to help lead the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
    • Afterwards he was the territorial governor of Missouri.
    • Served as the Superintendent of Indian Affairs.
  • The Start of the Expedition
    • Meriwether Lewis departed Pittsburg, Pennsylvania on August 31, 1803, which was the true start of the expedition.
    • The expedition departed Camp Dubois in the Illinois Territory and followed the Missouri River Westward.
  • Missouri River
    • After departing St. Charles the expedition passed La Charrette, which was the last white settlement on the Missouri.
    • Lewis and Clark passed through what is now Kansas City, Missouri and Omaha, Nebraska and camped at the confluence of the Missouri and Kansas Rivers.
    • Sergeant Charles Floyd died of acute appendicitis on August 20, 1804. The first death for the Corps of Discovery.
  • Encounters with Natives
    • Lewis and Clark encountered many natives along the Missouri River.
    • The Yankton Sioux were the first tribe they encountered and were for the most part peaceful.
    • The Lakota tribe was much more hostile and demanded a boat from the expedition.
    • The Corps were prepared to fight back when the Lakota pulled back.
  • Sacagawea
    • During the winter of 1804-05 the expedition built Fort Mandan.
    • It was here Lewis and Clark employed a French fur trapper and his young Shoshone wife, Sacagawea.
    • Sacagawea served as a translator and sometimes a guide for the expedition.
  • Crossing the Rockies
    • Lewis and Clark crossed over the Continental Divide at Lemhi Pass.
    • The expedition thought they would cross the Rockies in a day but it turned into an 11 day ordeal.
    • Americans were not aware of the size of the Rocky Mountains.
  • The Pacific Ocean
    • After crossing the Rocky Mountains the Corps of Discovery made their way towards the Columbia River.
    • They followed the Columbia River past present day Portland, Oregon and eventually to the Pacific Ocean.
    • The party built Fort Clatsop, near present day Astoria, Oregon, as their winter camp.
  • The Return
    • On their journey home Lewis and Clark used four dugout wood canoes.
    • After an encounter with the Blackfeet natives in which two natives were killed.
    • Lewis and Clark separated fleeing the Blackfeet and were reunited at the confluence of the Yellowstone and Missouri Rivers.
    • After reuniting the Corps of Discovery followed the Missouri River back to St. Louis on September 23, 1806.
  • The Legacy
    • Lewis and Clark filled in a large blank space on the map of North America, which had not previously been mapped.
    • The expedition documented 178 plants and 122 species of animals, including a Prairie Dog which was sent to Thomas Jefferson alive.
    • The Corps also established somewhat cordial relations with Natives in the area.
  • Sources
    • http://lewis-clark.org /
    • http:// www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark /
    • http:// www.pbs.org/lewisandclark /