Almost overnight the raising of cotton became highly profitable.
The instant demand for cotton renewed the need for slaves.
The American phase of the Industrial Revolution, which first blossomed in cotton textiles, was well on its way.
Factories first flourished in New England because of the stony soil, dense population to provide for a labor force, and rapid rivers which provided abundant water power to turn the cogs of the machines.
By 1860 more than 400 million pounds of southern cotton poured annually into the gaping maws of over a thousand mills, mostly in New England.