• Like
Industrial Revolution
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Industrial Revolution



Published in Economy & Finance , Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. By Alex Industrial Revolution From 1791 to 1860
  • 2. “Father of the Factory System”
    • Samuel Slater is considered to be the “Father of the Factory System”
    • With the help of a blacksmith and a carpenter Samuel Slater put into operation in 1791 the first efficient American machinery for spinning cotton thread.
    • The only problem was that it took to long o pick the cotton for the machine.
  • 3. Cotton Gin
    • Invented by Eli Whitney in 1793
    • Constructed in ten days
    • Built for separating the seed from the short-staple cotton fiber.
    • It was fifty times more effective than the handpicking process
  • 4. Effects of Cotton Gin
    • Almost overnight the raising of cotton became highly profitable.
    • The instant demand for cotton renewed the need for slaves.
    • The American phase of the Industrial Revolution, which first blossomed in cotton textiles, was well on its way.
    • Factories first flourished in New England because of the stony soil, dense population to provide for a labor force, and rapid rivers which provided abundant water power to turn the cogs of the machines.
    • By 1860 more than 400 million pounds of southern cotton poured annually into the gaping maws of over a thousand mills, mostly in New England.
  • 5. Peace of Ghent
    • The manufacturing boom abruptly broke with the peace of Ghent in 1815. (British competitors unloaded their damned up surpluses at ruinously low prices)
    • As a response to this Congress provided some relief with the protective Tariff of 1816 to control the shape of the economy.
  • 6. Interchangeable Parts
    • As the factory system flourished it embraced numerous other industries in addition to textiles. (Firearms) Also lots of steel and iron were used for the railroads.
    • In 1798 Eli Whitney came up with the idea of having machines make each part.
    • This principal of interchangeable parts was widely adopted by 1850 and became basis of modern mass-production, the assembly line.
  • 7. Other Inventions
    • In 1844 Samuel F.B. Morse invented the telegraph. By the Civil War, a web of singing wires spanned the continent, revolutionizing news gathering, diplomacy, and finance.
    • In 1846 Elias Howe and Isaac Singer invented the sewing machine. It became the foundation of the ready made clothing industry, which took root about the time of the Civil War.
    • By 1860 there were a total of 28,000 patents.
  • 8. Working Conditions
    • The working conditions in factories were horrid.
    • Hours were long, wages were low, and meals were skimpy.
    • In 1820 a significant portion of the factory workers were children under the age of ten.
    • Women were also forced to work in the factories.
  • 9. Farming in the West
    • Farms were flourishing in the West. Many of these farms were based on corn.
    • The corn was not only used as a food source for humans, . but was also used to make liquor and feed hogs.
    • In 1837 John Deere of Illinois produced the steel plow.
    • In the 1830’s Cyrus McCormick invented the mechanical mower-reaper. It was to the western farmers what the cotton gin was to the southern planters.
    • A single man could do the work of five.
    • This made the production in the west very abundant and profitable. Now all that was needed was the means to transport it.
  • 10. The end