Indian Removal Michael
Westward Expansion in US <ul><li>Beginning of 1800’s </li></ul><ul><li>United States was growing west and south </li></ul>...
Government Policy <ul><li>Up until Jackson’s Presidency, government had let Indians stay </li></ul><ul><li>Many tribes had...
Indian Removal Act <ul><li>In 1830 Congress passed the Indian Removal Act </li></ul><ul><li>Said government would negotiat...
Indian Removal Act <ul><li>Many tribes were reluctant because they had lived on that land for a long time </li></ul><ul><l...
Treaties <ul><li>By the end of Jackson’s presidency, over seventy treaties had been negotiated  </li></ul><ul><li>Cherokee...
Indians vs. State of Georgia <ul><li>Went to Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>Case was tossed by John Marshall because he s...
Indians vs. State of Georgia <ul><li>Jackson refused the courts decision </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiated a treaty with Cherok...
Trail of Tears <ul><li>100,000 Indians were transplanted to areas west of the Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>Many died on t...
Rebellion <ul><li>Sauk and Fox braves from Illinois and Wisconsin refused to leave their lands </li></ul><ul><li>Crushed b...
Effects <ul><li>Other than the Seminole tribe, all Indians in the South negotiated treaties and moved west of the Mississi...
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Indian Removal

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Indian Removal

  1. 1. Indian Removal Michael
  2. 2. Westward Expansion in US <ul><li>Beginning of 1800’s </li></ul><ul><li>United States was growing west and south </li></ul><ul><li>Indian tribes already inhabited the land </li></ul><ul><li>Settlers asked government to remove the tribes </li></ul>
  3. 3. Government Policy <ul><li>Up until Jackson’s Presidency, government had let Indians stay </li></ul><ul><li>Many tribes had become “civilized” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Seminoles, and Cherokee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cherokee formed their own government, with a constitution and a three branch system of government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opened schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some Indians became slaveholders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some accepted Christianity </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Indian Removal Act <ul><li>In 1830 Congress passed the Indian Removal Act </li></ul><ul><li>Said government would negotiate treaties with Indian tribes to buy their land </li></ul><ul><li>Indians would be granted land west of the Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>Indians would receive food and transportation, and would live on their newly acquired land under the government’s protection forever </li></ul><ul><li>Was a chance for Indians to move West if they wanted to </li></ul>
  5. 5. Indian Removal Act <ul><li>Many tribes were reluctant because they had lived on that land for a long time </li></ul><ul><li>Their ancestors were buried on their land </li></ul><ul><li>They would be leaving behind their heritage and history </li></ul>
  6. 6. Treaties <ul><li>By the end of Jackson’s presidency, over seventy treaties had been negotiated </li></ul><ul><li>Cherokee refused to negotiate a treaty </li></ul><ul><li>Went to court against the State of Georgia </li></ul>
  7. 7. Indians vs. State of Georgia <ul><li>Went to Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>Case was tossed by John Marshall because he said the tribes were domestic dependent nations </li></ul><ul><li>Later the Supreme Court corrected itself and said the Cherokee were sovereign and were immune from Georgia laws </li></ul>
  8. 8. Indians vs. State of Georgia <ul><li>Jackson refused the courts decision </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiated a treaty with Cherokee to leave Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>Under military force, Cherokee were led to Oklahoma on the “Trail of Tears” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Trail of Tears <ul><li>100,000 Indians were transplanted to areas west of the Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>Many died on the journey to their new lands because of lack of food and poor organization by the government </li></ul>
  10. 10. Rebellion <ul><li>Sauk and Fox braves from Illinois and Wisconsin refused to leave their lands </li></ul><ul><li>Crushed by U.S. troops </li></ul><ul><li>Seminole Indians in Florida waged guerilla warfare against soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Seminoles lost when their leader, Osceola, was captured, although fighting continued for two more years </li></ul>
  11. 11. Effects <ul><li>Other than the Seminole tribe, all Indians in the South negotiated treaties and moved west of the Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>The five “civilized” tribes suffered the most by the Indian Removal Act </li></ul>
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