The Hartford Convention
The Hartford Convention was an event happening
from December 15, 1814– January 4, 1815 in the Hartford,
Connecticut during...
The Causes
Thomas Jefferson's anti-foreign trade policies,
particularly the Embargo Act of 1807 and James Madison's
Non-In...
When Madison was re-elected in 1812, the reaction in
New England was even more intense. The war turned against
the America...
The suffering
So after Massachusetts and Connecticut both denied
their militias to be used by the War Department, President
James Madiso...
So finally…
On October 10th
, 1814, the Massachusetts Legislature
decided to call for the Hartford Convention so that dele...
Delegates
Massachusetts: 12
Connecticut: 7
Rhode Island: 4
Vermont and New Hampshire: 3
Unfortunately, no records were kept of the secret
meetings as they continued on through January 4th
, 1815. We
do know tha...
Constitutional Amendments
Prohibiting any trade embargo lasting over 60 days
Requiring a two-thirds Congressional majori...
Failure
Even after all of the meetings though, the amendments
brought forth by the Hartford Convention weren’t
reasonable ...
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Hartford 5

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Transcript of "Hartford 5"

  1. 1. The Hartford Convention
  2. 2. The Hartford Convention was an event happening from December 15, 1814– January 4, 1815 in the Hartford, Connecticut during the War of 1812 in which New England's opposition to the war reached the point where secession from the United States was discussed.
  3. 3. The Causes Thomas Jefferson's anti-foreign trade policies, particularly the Embargo Act of 1807 and James Madison's Non-Intercourse Act of 1809, were very unpopular in the northeastern United States, especially among merchants and shippers. Jefferson's successor, President James Madison, was even less popular in New England, particularly after his prosecution of the War of 1812, which ended legal trade with England.
  4. 4. When Madison was re-elected in 1812, the reaction in New England was even more intense. The war turned against the Americans, and the British effectively blocked the entire east coast. Almost all naval activity (apart from smuggling) was stopped and New England suffered.
  5. 5. The suffering
  6. 6. So after Massachusetts and Connecticut both denied their militias to be used by the War Department, President James Madison threw them under the bus and decided not to pay for their expenses.
  7. 7. So finally… On October 10th , 1814, the Massachusetts Legislature decided to call for the Hartford Convention so that delegates could meet to form new amendments to the Constitution so that none of New England would have to secede.
  8. 8. Delegates Massachusetts: 12 Connecticut: 7 Rhode Island: 4 Vermont and New Hampshire: 3
  9. 9. Unfortunately, no records were kept of the secret meetings as they continued on through January 4th , 1815. We do know that they chose George Cabot as president on the convention, and Theodore Dwight as secretary. We also know as well from letters that have survived since then that Federalist representatives were trying to make sure that New England seceded. When this was found out by the other delegates, they had an army officer stationed conveniently near them so that no treason could occur.
  10. 10. Constitutional Amendments Prohibiting any trade embargo lasting over 60 days Requiring a two-thirds Congressional majority for declaration of offensive war, admission of a new state, or interdiction of foreign commerce  Removing the three-fifths representation advantage of the South Limiting future Presidents to one term Requiring each President to be from a different state than his predecessor. (This provision was aimed directly at the ruling Virginia Dynasty.)
  11. 11. Failure Even after all of the meetings though, the amendments brought forth by the Hartford Convention weren’t reasonable enough and never got the positive attention by the Democratic- Republican Congress to be passed. Massachusetts even sent three commissioners to D.C. to try and persuade them to pass the amendments. But when they arrived, news had gotten around that Andrew Jackson had won the Battle of New Orleans and the Treaty of Ghent was signed shortly thereafter. Both of these overshadowed the commissioner’s appeal, and they left, and the Federalist party eventually disbanded because there name had become synonymous with treason and disunion. Overall the Hartford Convention was a total failure.

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