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Election

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Transcript

  • 1. The Elections of By: Matt 1824 and 1828
  • 2. The Election of 1824
  • 3. The Candidates
    • Andrew Jackson, Tennessee
      • Hero of the War of 1812
      • Former US Representative, then-current US Senator
    • John Quincy Adams, Massachusetts
      • Son of former President John Adams
      • Former member of Federalist party
      • Former US Senator, then-current Secretary of State
    • William H. Crawford, Georgia
      • Former US Minister to France, US Senator, and Secretary of War
      • Then-current Secretary of the Treasury
    • Henry Clay, Kentucky
      • Then-current Speaker of the House of Representatives
    All candidates Democratic-Republicans
  • 4. Democratic-Republicans Split
    • In the years leading up to the 1824 presidential election, the United States had experienced a period of one-party government, because the Federalist Party had dissolved and only the Democratic-Republicans remained.
    • In the election of 1824, the Democratic-Republicans splintered as all four candidates ran as members of the party.
      • The faction led by Andrew Jackson would later form the Democratic Party
      • The faction led by John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay would later form the National Republican Party, and eventually the Whig Party.
  • 5. The Campaign
    • The paramount policy issues of the campaign pertained to the candidates’ positions on tariffs and internal improvements.
    • However, the election was as more about the candidates’ sectional popularity than their policies.
    • Support was very sectional:
      • Adams was strong in the Northeast
      • Jackson in the South, West and mid-Atlantic
      • Clay in parts of the West
      • Crawford in parts of the East.
  • 6. Election Results
  • 7. Corrupt Bargaining Agreement
    • Henry Clay,the Speaker of the House at the time, convinced the House to elect Adams.
    • When Adams went on to name Clay his Secretary of State, supporters of Jackson claimed that a “corrupt bargain” had been made.
    • Jackson called Clay the “Judas of the West” and remarked that his end would be the same.
  • 8. Aftermath
    • The nation was shocked by Adams’ victory, as Jackson had won a plurality of both the popular and electoral votes.
    • By appointing Clay his Secretary of State, Adams essentially declared him the heir to the presidency, as Adams, Monroe, Madison, and Jefferson had all ascended to the presidency from the office of the Secretary of State.
  • 9. The Election of 1828
  • 10. Candidates
    • Andrew Jackson
      • Democrat
      • Tennessee
    • John Quincy Adams
      • National Republican
      • Massachusetts
  • 11.
    • This election was a rematch between incumbent President Adams and his main rival Andrew Jackson.
    • The campaign was marked with mudslinging and personal attacks from both candidates.
    Campaign
  • 12. Adams’ Attacks on Jackson
    • Jackson’s marriage came under attack
      • When he had married his wife Rachel, Jackson had believed that she was divorced
        • However, the divorce was not yet finalized, so he had to remarry her once the legal papers were complete.
        • The Adams campaign made this a scandal.
        • A newspaper columnist asked, “Ought a convicted adulteress and her paramour husband to be placed in the highest offices of this free and Christian land?”
  • 13. Jackson’s Attacks on Adams
    • Jacksonians hammered Adams for the corrupt bargain of 1824.
    • It was charged that Adams, while serving as Minister to Russia, had surrendered an American servant girl to the appetites of the Czar.
    • Adams was accused of using public funds to buy gambling devices for the presidential residence (it turned out that these were a chess set and a pool table).
  • 14. Election Results
  • 15. Aftermath
    • Jackson became the first ever Democratic President.
    • When the results of the election were announced, mobs swarmed the White House in celebration, damaging furniture and lights.
      • Jackson had to escape through the back entrance, and large punch bowls were set up outside to lure the mobs out of the building.
      • National Republicans were outraged and horrified by this, and used it as an example of the horrible things to come under the rule of the Democratic Party.
  • 16. Aftermath
    • During the campaign, Rachel Jackson experienced chest pains which had been aggravated by the personal attacks levied on her regarding her marriage.
      • She became sick and died on December 22, 1828.
      • Andrew Jackson blamed Adams and the National Republican Party for her death.
  • 17. Significance
    • This election marked a shift away from Jeffersonian Democracy and the beginning of Jacksonian Democracy, an era that would last until the mid 1850s.