Art And Literature 1800 To 1860


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Art And Literature 1800 To 1860

  1. 1. Art & Literature In the early 19th century, the Romantic Movement was in full swing, and it's influences were highly visible in both art and literature. It was part of a revolt against the social consequences of aristocracy and the political consequences of the Enlightenment. In art, the central themes of Romanticism were criticisms of the past, and an emphasis on heroics. The French Revolution was regarded as the heroic struggle of the lower classes against aristocrats and an unfair government. The central theme of Romanticism is the idea that the human race is perfectible. 1800-1860
  2. 2. Ralph Waldo Emerson <ul><li>Wrote The American Scholar , Self-Reliance </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the Transcendentalist movement </li></ul><ul><li>His philosophies helped to shape the mid-19th century New Thought Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Was an abolitionist </li></ul><ul><li>Famously asked Henry David Thoreau, &quot;Do you keep a journal?&quot; </li></ul>Literature
  3. 3. Henry David Thoreau <ul><li>Wrote Civil Disobedience , Walden </li></ul><ul><li>Famously spent a night in jail for refusing to pay his taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Is sometimes cited as an inspiration for anarchists </li></ul><ul><li>Conducted experiments in simple living </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the Transcendentalist movement </li></ul>Literature
  4. 4. Edgar Allan Poe <ul><li>Wrote The Raven </li></ul><ul><li>Best known for intense, dark stories </li></ul><ul><li>Linked to Horror fiction, and Romanticism </li></ul><ul><li>Was partially inspired in his later writings after the death of his15-year-old wife </li></ul><ul><li>Once claimed of the Transcendentalists that &quot;only the pretenders and sophists among them&quot; </li></ul>Literature
  5. 5. Nathaniel Hawthorne <ul><li>Wrote The Scarlet Letter , The House of the Seven Gables </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the (Dark) Romantic Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote mainly short stories </li></ul><ul><li>Many of his stories were set in New England Puritan society </li></ul><ul><li>Though married to a Transcendentalist, later writings revealed criticisms of the movement </li></ul>Literature
  6. 6. Thomas Cole <ul><li>“ Romantic Landscape with Ruined Tower” </li></ul><ul><li>Also tried his hand at architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Primarily painted landscapes, as well as allegorical works </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in the Catskill Mountains for one summer, drawing Fort Putnam’s ruins </li></ul><ul><li>Often painted melancholy scenes </li></ul>Art
  7. 7. Albert Bierstadt <ul><li>Part of the Hudson River School </li></ul><ul><li>Completed over 500 paintings in his lifetime, but some estimate that number could be as high as 4,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Used very large canvases </li></ul><ul><li>Used vivid, exaggerated colors </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired by the American West </li></ul>Art
  8. 8. Frederic Edwin Church <ul><li>Landscape Painter </li></ul><ul><li>Traveled to South America between 1853 and 1857 </li></ul><ul><li>A pupil of Thomas Cole </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the Romantic Movement </li></ul><ul><li>His painting, The Heart of the Andes sold for $10,000 in 1859, then the highest price paid for an American artist’s work </li></ul>Art
  9. 9. The Hudson River School <ul><li>An American art movement </li></ul><ul><li>Created by a group of landscape painters </li></ul><ul><li>Heavily influenced by Romantic style </li></ul><ul><li>Was not an actual school, but a group of people with a common creative vision meant to inspire each other </li></ul><ul><li>Venerated in America’s natural beauty, along with contemporary American Writers </li></ul>Art
  10. 10. BY: Tori