Antebellum reform movements 3

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Antebellum reform movements 3

  1. 1.  Liberal faiths like Deism and Unitarianism arose in the 1700s.  Wave of religious revivals spread.  Many sects created.  Religion was now feminized.  Peter Cartwright and Charles Grandison Finney.
  2. 2.  Different Classes = Different Religions  Episcopalians, Presbyterians, Congregationalists from wealthy levels of society.  Methodists, Baptists spawned from less properous.  Foreshadowed Civil War  Burned-Over Districts
  3. 3.  Aka Christians of Latter-Day Saints  Joseph Smith/Brigham Young  Faced opposition  Settled in present-day Utah  Infamous for polygamy
  4. 4.  Through taxes  Inefficient  Male-dominated  Curriculum (Three R’s)  Teachers—not paid well, ill-tempered
  5. 5.  Horace Mann—better houses and teachers  Webster  William McGuffey  Ideas about morality, patriotism, and idealism  Due to the Second Great Awakening, liberal arts colleges established.  Ivy Leagues offered math, Latin, Greek.  Universities in South.
  6. 6.  Criminal codes softened  Idea that prisons should not punish but “fix” people.  Leads to penitentiaries.  Dorothea Dix  Gave reports on asylums
  7. 7.  Before: excessive alcohol; affect factories  American Temperance Society  1826, Boston  Cold Water Army  Sign pledges  Wasn’t elimination as much as temperance  Maine Law of 1851 (Neal S. Dow)
  8. 8.  Before 19th century, women had few rights.  Lucretia Mott  Elizabeth Cady Stanton  Susan B. Anthony  Elizabeth Blackwell
  9. 9.  Woman’s Rights Convention at Seneca Falls  Stanton’s Declaration of Sentiments  Overshadowed by Civil War  Started permitting rights (college, marriage)
  10. 10.  Came from Enlightenment  Several Experiments  New Harmony (Robert Owen)  Brook Farm  Oneida Community  Shakers
  11. 11.  Science: Americans were better with inventions than experiments.  Jefferson—plow  Bowditch—navigation  Maury—ocean winds  Silliman—chemist and geologist  Asa Gray—botanist  Audobon—ornithologist  Medicine—not there yet; we still bleed to cure
  12. 12.  Art:  Greek and Roman entry  Jefferson—an architect  Gilbert Stuary—a portrait artist  Hudson River School—landscape art  Music—”darky”; capture spirit of slaves
  13. 13.  1830s  Less about reason and mind; truth transcends the senses  Ralph Waldo Emerson  Henry David Thoreau  Transcendentalist Policy: • Give freedom to the slave. • Give well-being to the poor and the miserable. • Give learning to the ignorant. • Give health to the sick. • Give peace and justice to society.

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