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Antebellum reform movements 3






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Antebellum reform movements 3 Antebellum reform movements 3 Presentation Transcript

    • Liberal faiths like Deism and Unitarianism arose in the 1700s.
    • Wave of religious revivals spread.
    • Many sects created.
    • Religion was now feminized.
    • Peter Cartwright and Charles Grandison Finney.
    • Different Classes = Different Religions
      • Episcopalians, Presbyterians, Congregationalists from wealthy levels of society.
      • Methodists, Baptists spawned from less properous.
    • Foreshadowed Civil War
    • Burned-Over Districts
    • Aka Christians of Latter-Day Saints
    • Joseph Smith/Brigham Young
    • Faced opposition
    • Settled in present-day Utah
    • Infamous for polygamy
    • Through taxes
    • Inefficient
    • Male-dominated
    • Curriculum (Three R’s)
    • Teachers—not paid well, ill-tempered
    • Horace Mann—better houses and teachers
    • Webster
    • William McGuffey
      • Ideas about morality, patriotism, and idealism
    • Due to the Second Great Awakening, liberal arts colleges established.
    • Ivy Leagues offered math, Latin, Greek.
    • Universities in South.
    • Criminal codes softened
    • Idea that prisons should not punish but “fix” people.
    • Leads to penitentiaries.
    • Dorothea Dix
      • Gave reports on asylums
    • Before: excessive alcohol; affect factories
    • American Temperance Society
      • 1826, Boston
    • Cold Water Army
    • Sign pledges
    • Wasn’t elimination as much as temperance
    • Maine Law of 1851 (Neal S. Dow)
    • Before 19 th century, women had few rights.
    • Lucretia Mott
    • Elizabeth Cady Stanton
    • Susan B. Anthony
    • Elizabeth Blackwell
    • Woman’s Rights Convention at Seneca Falls
      • Stanton’s Declaration of Sentiments
    • Overshadowed by Civil War
    • Started permitting rights (college, marriage)
    • Came from Enlightenment
    • Several Experiments
      • New Harmony (Robert Owen)
      • Brook Farm
      • Oneida Community
      • Shakers
    • Science: Americans were better with inventions than experiments.
      • Jefferson—plow
      • Bowditch—navigation
      • Maury—ocean winds
      • Silliman—chemist and geologist
      • Asa Gray—botanist
      • Audobon—ornithologist
      • Medicine—not there yet; we still bleed to cure
    • Art:
    • Greek and Roman entry
    • Jefferson—an architect
    • Gilbert Stuary—a portrait artist
    • Hudson River School—landscape art
    • Music—”darky”; capture spirit of slaves
    • 1830s
    • Less about reason and mind; truth transcends the senses
    • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    • Henry David Thoreau
    • Transcendentalist Policy:
        • Give freedom to the slave.
        • Give well-being to the poor and the miserable.
        • Give learning to the ignorant.
        • Give health to the sick.
        • Give peace and justice to society.