American Industrial Revolution[2]


Published on

Published in: Business, Lifestyle
1 Comment
1 Like
  • This is great. Thank you
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

American Industrial Revolution[2]

  1. 1. American Industrial Revolution Gavin
  2. 2. Industrial Revolution <ul><li>1791-1860 </li></ul><ul><li>American economy shifted focus from agriculture to manufacturing and Inventing </li></ul><ul><li>Many notable inventors and Inventions came from this time period </li></ul>
  3. 3. Textile Industry <ul><li>Help begin Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Francis Cabot Lowell built first dual purpose textile mill in 1814 </li></ul><ul><li>Early factories just spun fiber into tread, weaving was done by hand </li></ul><ul><li>Three story mill was built on the bank of the Charles River </li></ul><ul><li>Significance- Shifted manufacturing from home to factory </li></ul>
  4. 4. Samuel Slater (1768-1835) <ul><li>Born in Belper England </li></ul><ul><li>Started as an apprentice at the age of fourteen </li></ul><ul><li>Believing Industrial revolution was over in England, he moved to Providence, Rhode Island </li></ul><ul><li>Built first successful cotton spinning machine in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Known as Father of Industrial Revolution in United states </li></ul><ul><li>Factory system-wage slaves, child labor </li></ul>
  5. 5. Eli Whitney <ul><li>Invented the Cotton Gin in1793 </li></ul><ul><li>50 times more effective than picking by hand </li></ul><ul><li>Made little money on his Invention due to copyright infringement </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cotton Gin- Eli Whitney <ul><li>Separates the cotton fibers from the seedpods </li></ul><ul><li>Made producing cotton highly profitable </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery began to rise </li></ul><ul><li>Westward expansion, due to the need for more land </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulated Industrial revolution by supplying New England with Cotton </li></ul>
  7. 7. Interchangeable Parts – Eli Whitney <ul><li>1798- Whitney manufactured rifles for the U.S. Army. </li></ul><ul><li>Discovered Interchangeable Parts </li></ul><ul><li>Modern day assembly still uses interchangeable parts </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sewing Machine- Howe/Singer <ul><li>Originally invented by Elias Howe in 1846 </li></ul><ul><li>Perfected by Isaac Singer in 1853 </li></ul><ul><li>Led to mass production of shoes and boots for the Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Moved Sewing from the home to the Factory </li></ul>Howe’s Sewing Machine Singer’s Sewing Machine
  9. 9. Samuel F.B. Morse <ul><li>Invented the Telegraph </li></ul><ul><li>Strung a wire 40 miles from Washington D.C. to Baltimore, first message “What hath God wrought?” </li></ul><ul><li>Gave instant communication from long distances </li></ul>
  10. 10. Other inventions <ul><li>Steel plow- John Deere </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical Mower-Reaper- Cyrus McCormick </li></ul><ul><li>Steamboat- Robert Fulton </li></ul><ul><li>Railroad </li></ul>
  11. 11. Work Force <ul><li>Farmer’s daughters were hired to work in factories </li></ul><ul><li>Lowell promised strict supervision and mandatory church </li></ul><ul><li>Female work force was replaced by water and steam power as well as cheap immigrants such as German and Irish </li></ul>
  12. 12. Why New England? <ul><li>Poor soil discouraged Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Dense population provided labor </li></ul><ul><li>Seaports made importing and exporting easy </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid rivers provided power </li></ul>
  13. 13. Why Not the South? <ul><li>Capital was tied up in slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the Consumers were too poor to afford most finished goods </li></ul>
  14. 14. Effects of the Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Moved many tasks from the home to factories </li></ul><ul><li>Made production of goods faster </li></ul><ul><li>Helped Union win Civil War </li></ul>
  15. 15. How Industrial Revolution effected the Civil War <ul><li>North had more factories which mage them more supplies such as rifles, boots, and clothing. </li></ul><ul><li>North was more prosperous before Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Higher technology such as the telegraph </li></ul>
  16. 16. Other effects of Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Urbanization </li></ul><ul><li>Ten hour work day </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Social standards </li></ul><ul><li>Commonwealth V Hunt </li></ul>