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American Industrial Revolution[2]

American Industrial Revolution[2]






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    American Industrial Revolution[2] American Industrial Revolution[2] Presentation Transcript

    • American Industrial Revolution Gavin
    • Industrial Revolution
      • 1791-1860
      • American economy shifted focus from agriculture to manufacturing and Inventing
      • Many notable inventors and Inventions came from this time period
    • Textile Industry
      • Help begin Industrial Revolution
      • Francis Cabot Lowell built first dual purpose textile mill in 1814
      • Early factories just spun fiber into tread, weaving was done by hand
      • Three story mill was built on the bank of the Charles River
      • Significance- Shifted manufacturing from home to factory
    • Samuel Slater (1768-1835)
      • Born in Belper England
      • Started as an apprentice at the age of fourteen
      • Believing Industrial revolution was over in England, he moved to Providence, Rhode Island
      • Built first successful cotton spinning machine in the United States
      • Known as Father of Industrial Revolution in United states
      • Factory system-wage slaves, child labor
    • Eli Whitney
      • Invented the Cotton Gin in1793
      • 50 times more effective than picking by hand
      • Made little money on his Invention due to copyright infringement
    • Cotton Gin- Eli Whitney
      • Separates the cotton fibers from the seedpods
      • Made producing cotton highly profitable
      • Slavery began to rise
      • Westward expansion, due to the need for more land
      • Stimulated Industrial revolution by supplying New England with Cotton
    • Interchangeable Parts – Eli Whitney
      • 1798- Whitney manufactured rifles for the U.S. Army.
      • Discovered Interchangeable Parts
      • Modern day assembly still uses interchangeable parts
    • Sewing Machine- Howe/Singer
      • Originally invented by Elias Howe in 1846
      • Perfected by Isaac Singer in 1853
      • Led to mass production of shoes and boots for the Civil War
      • Moved Sewing from the home to the Factory
      Howe’s Sewing Machine Singer’s Sewing Machine
    • Samuel F.B. Morse
      • Invented the Telegraph
      • Strung a wire 40 miles from Washington D.C. to Baltimore, first message “What hath God wrought?”
      • Gave instant communication from long distances
    • Other inventions
      • Steel plow- John Deere
      • Mechanical Mower-Reaper- Cyrus McCormick
      • Steamboat- Robert Fulton
      • Railroad
    • Work Force
      • Farmer’s daughters were hired to work in factories
      • Lowell promised strict supervision and mandatory church
      • Female work force was replaced by water and steam power as well as cheap immigrants such as German and Irish
    • Why New England?
      • Poor soil discouraged Agriculture
      • Dense population provided labor
      • Seaports made importing and exporting easy
      • Rapid rivers provided power
    • Why Not the South?
      • Capital was tied up in slaves
      • Most of the Consumers were too poor to afford most finished goods
    • Effects of the Industrial Revolution
      • Moved many tasks from the home to factories
      • Made production of goods faster
      • Helped Union win Civil War
    • How Industrial Revolution effected the Civil War
      • North had more factories which mage them more supplies such as rifles, boots, and clothing.
      • North was more prosperous before Civil War
      • Higher technology such as the telegraph
    • Other effects of Industrial Revolution
      • Urbanization
      • Ten hour work day
      • Economic Expansion
      • Social standards
      • Commonwealth V Hunt