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2nd party system 3






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    2nd party system 3 2nd party system 3 Presentation Transcript

    • The Second Party System Whigs v. Democrats
    • Era of Good Feelings
      • During the Monroe administration, as the Federalist Party died.
      • A deceptive name, despite the fact that the Democratic Republicans were the only party with any real influence.
      • Divisions regarding various policies existed within the party.
    • End of an Era
      • The panic of 1819
      • The issue of slavery
      • The 1824 election was held among Adams, Clay, Calhoun, and Jackson.
      • After Adams was chosen, Jackson accused him of forming a “corrupt bargain” with Clay.
    • The Democratic Party
      • Formed by Andrew Jackson supporters soon after the Corrupt Bargain of 1824 in opposition to Adams
      • Stressed executive power
      • States’ and individual rights
      • Represented the common man.
    • Democratic Presidents
    • The Whig Party
      • Established in 1834 by opponents of Jackson, mainly National Republicans and Anti-Masons
      • Named after the opponents of monarchy during the Revolution
      • Supported government programs.
    • Whig Presidents
    • Differences from the First Party System
      • Region was not indicative of support
      • Voter turnout increased dramatically to almost 80% of eligible voters in 1840
      • Candidates aimed to appear modest
      • Nominating conventions and platforms
    • Issues Contested
      • The Second Bank of the United States
      • Expansion
      • Slavery
      • The Specie Circular (speculation)
    • Election of 1840
      • Martin Van Buren (Democrat)
      • William Henry Harrison (Whig)
      • Former portrayed as aristocratic
      • Latter portrayed as humble
      • Harrison won, but died after only thirty one days in office
    • Decline
      • The Free soil party formed from members of both parties.
      • Many Cotton Whigs joined the Democrats
      • Decline Facilitated by the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
      • The Republican Party became the Democratic Party’s main competition.
    • Sources
      • Kennedy, D. M., Cohen, L., & Bailey, T. A. (2010). The american pageant . Boston, MA: Wadsworth.
      • Holt, M. F. (2002). The Democratic Party.  Getting the message out! national political campaign materials, 1840-1860 . Retrieved November 9, 2010, from http://dig.lib.niu.edu/message/about.html
      • Holt, M. F. (2002). The Whig Party.  Getting the message out! national political campaign materials, 1840-1860 . Retrieved November 9, 2010, from http://dig.lib.niu.edu/message/ps-whig.html
      • Mintz, S. (2010). Emergence of a New Party System.  Hypertext history: our online american history textbook  . Retrieved November 9, 2010, from http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=635
      • http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/resources/graphic/large/AndrewJackson.jpg
      • http://clinton4.nara.gov/WH/glimpse/presidents/html/wh9.html
      • Kruszewski, J. (2006).  Differences between the first and second american political party systems . Informally published manuscript, Department of History and Social Behavior, Middlesex County College, Edison, New Jersey. Retrieved from http://www.middlesexcc.edu/faculty/John_Kruszewski/221supplementary2.html
      • http://www.historyplace.com/specials/portraits/presidents/index.html