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2nd party system 3

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  • 1. The Second Party System Whigs v. Democrats
  • 2. Era of Good Feelings  During the Monroe administration, as the Federalist Party died.  A deceptive name, despite the fact that the Democratic Republicans were the only party with any real influence.  Divisions regarding various policies existed within the party.
  • 3. End of an Era  The panic of 1819  The issue of slavery  The 1824 election was held among Adams, Clay, Calhoun, and Jackson.  After Adams was chosen, Jackson accused him of forming a “corrupt bargain” with Clay.
  • 4. The Democratic Party  Formed by Andrew Jackson supporters soon after the Corrupt Bargain of 1824 in opposition to Adams  Stressed executive power  States’ and individual rights  Represented the common man.
  • 5. Democratic Presidents
  • 6. The Whig Party  Established in 1834 by opponents of Jackson, mainly National Republicans and Anti- Masons  Named after the opponents of monarchy during the Revolution  Supported government programs.
  • 7. Whig Presidents
  • 8. Differences from the First Party System  Region was not indicative of support  Voter turnout increased dramatically to almost 80% of eligible voters in 1840  Candidates aimed to appear modest  Nominating conventions and platforms
  • 9. Issues Contested  The Second Bank of the United States  Expansion  Slavery  The Specie Circular (speculation)
  • 10. Election of 1840  Martin Van Buren (Democrat)  William Henry Harrison (Whig)  Former portrayed as aristocratic  Latter portrayed as humble  Harrison won, but died after only thirty one days in office
  • 11. Decline  The Free soil party formed from members of both parties.  Many Cotton Whigs joined the Democrats  Decline Facilitated by the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854  The Republican Party became the Democratic Party’s main competition.
  • 12. Sources  Kennedy, D. M., Cohen, L., & Bailey, T. A. (2010).The american pageant. Boston, MA: Wadsworth.  Holt, M. F. (2002). The Democratic Party. Getting the message out! national political campaign materials, 1840-1860. Retrieved November 9, 2010, from http://dig.lib.niu.edu/message/about.html  Holt, M. F. (2002). The Whig Party. Getting the message out! national political campaign materials, 1840-1860. Retrieved November 9, 2010, from http://dig.lib.niu.edu/message/ps-whig.html  Mintz, S. (2010). Emergence of a New Party System. Hypertext history: our online american history textbook . Retrieved November 9, 2010, from http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=635  http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/resources/graphic/large/AndrewJackson.jpg  http://clinton4.nara.gov/WH/glimpse/presidents/html/wh9.html  Kruszewski, J. (2006). Differences between the first and second american political party systems. Informally published manuscript, Department of History and Social Behavior, Middlesex County College, Edison, New Jersey. Retrieved from http://www.middlesexcc.edu/faculty/John_Kruszewski/221supplementary2.html  http://www.historyplace.com/specials/portraits/presidents/index.html

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