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  • 1. The Second Party System Whigs v. Democrats
  • 2. Era of Good Feelings
    • During the Monroe administration, as the Federalist Party died.
    • A deceptive name, despite the fact that the Democratic Republicans were the only party with any real influence.
    • Divisions regarding various policies existed within the party.
  • 3. End of an Era
    • The panic of 1819
    • The issue of slavery
    • The 1824 election was held among Adams, Clay, Calhoun, and Jackson.
    • After Adams was chosen, Jackson accused him of forming a “corrupt bargain” with Clay.
  • 4. The Democratic Party
    • Formed by Andrew Jackson supporters soon after the Corrupt Bargain of 1824 in opposition to Adams
    • Stressed executive power
    • States’ and individual rights
    • Represented the common man.
  • 5. Democratic Presidents
  • 6. The Whig Party
    • Established in 1834 by opponents of Jackson, mainly National Republicans and Anti-Masons
    • Named after the opponents of monarchy during the Revolution
    • Supported government programs.
  • 7. Whig Presidents
  • 8. Differences from the First Party System
    • Region was not indicative of support
    • Voter turnout increased dramatically to almost 80% of eligible voters in 1840
    • Candidates aimed to appear modest
    • Nominating conventions and platforms
  • 9. Issues Contested
    • The Second Bank of the United States
    • Expansion
    • Slavery
    • The Specie Circular (speculation)
  • 10. Election of 1840
    • Martin Van Buren (Democrat)
    • William Henry Harrison (Whig)
    • Former portrayed as aristocratic
    • Latter portrayed as humble
    • Harrison won, but died after only thirty one days in office
  • 11. Decline
    • The Free soil party formed from members of both parties.
    • Many Cotton Whigs joined the Democrats
    • Decline Facilitated by the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
    • The Republican Party became the Democratic Party’s main competition.
  • 12. Sources
    • Kennedy, D. M., Cohen, L., & Bailey, T. A. (2010). The american pageant . Boston, MA: Wadsworth.
    • Holt, M. F. (2002). The Democratic Party.  Getting the message out! national political campaign materials, 1840-1860 . Retrieved November 9, 2010, from http://dig.lib.niu.edu/message/about.html
    • Holt, M. F. (2002). The Whig Party.  Getting the message out! national political campaign materials, 1840-1860 . Retrieved November 9, 2010, from http://dig.lib.niu.edu/message/ps-whig.html
    • Mintz, S. (2010). Emergence of a New Party System.  Hypertext history: our online american history textbook  . Retrieved November 9, 2010, from http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=635
    • http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/resources/graphic/large/AndrewJackson.jpg
    • http://clinton4.nara.gov/WH/glimpse/presidents/html/wh9.html
    • Kruszewski, J. (2006).  Differences between the first and second american political party systems . Informally published manuscript, Department of History and Social Behavior, Middlesex County College, Edison, New Jersey. Retrieved from http://www.middlesexcc.edu/faculty/John_Kruszewski/221supplementary2.html
    • http://www.historyplace.com/specials/portraits/presidents/index.html