During the Monroe administration, as the Federalist Party died.
A deceptive name, despite the fact that the Democratic Republicans were the only party with any real influence.
Divisions regarding various policies existed within the party.
End of an Era
The panic of 1819
The issue of slavery
The 1824 election was held among Adams, Clay, Calhoun, and Jackson.
After Adams was chosen, Jackson accused him of forming a “corrupt bargain” with Clay.
The Democratic Party
Formed by Andrew Jackson supporters soon after the Corrupt Bargain of 1824 in opposition to Adams
Stressed executive power
States’ and individual rights
Represented the common man.
The Whig Party
Established in 1834 by opponents of Jackson, mainly National Republicans and Anti-Masons
Named after the opponents of monarchy during the Revolution
Supported government programs.
Differences from the First Party System
Region was not indicative of support
Voter turnout increased dramatically to almost 80% of eligible voters in 1840
Candidates aimed to appear modest
Nominating conventions and platforms
The Second Bank of the United States
The Specie Circular (speculation)
Election of 1840
Martin Van Buren (Democrat)
William Henry Harrison (Whig)
Former portrayed as aristocratic
Latter portrayed as humble
Harrison won, but died after only thirty one days in office
The Free soil party formed from members of both parties.
Many Cotton Whigs joined the Democrats
Decline Facilitated by the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
The Republican Party became the Democratic Party’s main competition.
Kennedy, D. M., Cohen, L., & Bailey, T. A. (2010). The american pageant . Boston, MA: Wadsworth.
Holt, M. F. (2002). The Democratic Party. Getting the message out! national political campaign materials, 1840-1860 . Retrieved November 9, 2010, from http://dig.lib.niu.edu/message/about.html
Holt, M. F. (2002). The Whig Party. Getting the message out! national political campaign materials, 1840-1860 . Retrieved November 9, 2010, from http://dig.lib.niu.edu/message/ps-whig.html
Mintz, S. (2010). Emergence of a New Party System. Hypertext history: our online american history textbook . Retrieved November 9, 2010, from http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=635
Kruszewski, J. (2006). Differences between the first and second american political party systems . Informally published manuscript, Department of History and Social Behavior, Middlesex County College, Edison, New Jersey. Retrieved from http://www.middlesexcc.edu/faculty/John_Kruszewski/221supplementary2.html