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Audience relevance People think that concussions are only diagnosed in football but they are just myths that they are hearing any sport that an athlete is participating in has still a risk of a concussion occurring to them.
THESIS STATEMENT Concussions have been happening more and more often in recent years due to the risks athletes take, but some of the dangers of this serious injury can be lessened with certain preventions.
WHAT IS A CONCUSSION? A concussion is a brain injury that might result in a bad headache or unconsciousness and can cause further problems http://www.webmd.com/brain/tc/traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-overview?page=2
Causes of a Concussion When the head hits an object or a moving object strikes the head Causes the brain to hit the skull http://www.webmd.com/brain/tc/traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-overview?page=2
Levels of a concussion Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC233178/
WHO GETS HURT “Don't just happen to professional players. Youth players suffer concussions too. “ (Brian Logue) All sports Male and female athletes http://www.laxmagazine.com/sports/m-lacros/spec-rel/092807aac.html
Soccer Boys/ Girls Ball hitting the head Bumping Girls Second-most diagnosed concussions among all sports http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/health/2010/jan/Concussion-or-Brain-Injury--Both-Are-Serious.html
Case Study – Melissa Inzitari http://sports.espn.go.com/espnmag/story?id=3958650
Basketball Throwing elbows Ball hitting the head Diving for a save http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC233178/
SYMPTOMS There are many symptoms that indicate a concussion. Repeating Vomiting Unequal Pupils Confused mental state or varying levels of consciousness. Inability to wake up at all (Coma) http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000799.htm
EMERGENCY SYMPTOMS Things to look out for when receiving a blow to the head. Altered level of consciousness. Muscle Weakness- on one or both sides Repeated Confusion. Remaining Unconsciousness. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000799.htm
EXAMS AND TESTS There are a couple test and exams to use for an athlete to determine how serious the concussion is. A Neurologist Examination Head CT MRI on the head http://www.headbraininjuries.com/brain-injuries-mri-ct-scan
Possible Outcomes of a Concussion Second Impact Syndrome Post Concussion Syndrome Possible Death Determined by the significance of the concussion. http://sportsmedicine.about.com/cs/head/a/aa020103a.htm
Its really not a concussion if you do not get knocked out.
PERCENTAGE PER YEAR Concussion occur occasionally during contact sports Each year 300,000 people suffer concussions during sport activities. 50% of all high school players have suffered concussion 35% have had more than one http://patients.aan.com/resources/neurologynow/?event=home.showArticle&id=ovid.com:/bib/ovftdb/01222928-200703050-00019
Work Cited Bell, Stephania. “Concussions: Common sense and conservative approach are the wise choice, especially in dealing with young athletes.” Outside The Lines (Feb. 2010): n. pag. Web. 11 May 2010. Brody, Cheryl. “Heads Up!” CosmoGirl (Sept. 2008): n. pag. Gale’s Cengage Learning. Web. 29 Nov. 2009. Brody, Jane E. “Concussion-Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Concussion.” The New York Times May 2010: n. pag. Web. 11 May 2010. Burrows, Peter. “Don’t Put Me Back In, Coach.” Business Week (2005): n. pag. Gale’s Cengage Learning. Web. 28 Nov. 2009. Caswell, Shane V., and Richard G. Deivert. “Lacrosse Helmet Designs and the Effects of Impact Forces.” Journal of Athletic Training (Spring 2002): n. pag. Web. 11 May 2010. “Concussion: Risk factors.” MayoClinic.com. Mayo Clinic, 24 Mar. 2009. Web. 11 May 2010. “Concussion ( Traumatic Brain Injury): Symptoms, Causes, Treatments.” WebMD. N.p., May 2010. Web. 11 May 2010.
Covassin, Tracy, C. BuzSwanik, and Michael L. Sachs. “Sex Differences and the Incidence of Concussions Among Collegiate Athletes.” Journal of Athletic Training: n. pag. Web. July 2003. Cummings, Dean P., M.D. “Concussions in Sports.” www.hughston.com/hha/a.concus.htm. Hughston Health Alert, n.d. Web. 11 May 2010. Fresella, Nicole. “Heading For Trouble: Personal Account.” ESPN The Magazine 2010: No. 1. Web. 11 May 2010.
Brondou, Colleen. "Concussion or Brain Injury? Both Are Serious." findingDulcinea. January 19, 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2010. http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/health/2010/jan/Concussion-or-Brain-Injury--Both-Are-Serious.html
Special Thanks To Ryan McGee Breohn Anderson Liz Salinas John Gonoude Mike Shannon Mrs. Durland