Costa Rica
Clean Energy
  Initiative
Peak Oil
Sometime over the next months
or years when the current
economic crisis ends, the price of
oil will go up to keep...
Energy Consumption
10 BOE
3




         Oil                              Costa Rica has increased the use of energy over
...
Energy Consumption by Source
  Of the energy consumed, 65.7% was Oil
  That is 42,000 Barrels of Oil per Day (65.7%@ 64,00...
Consumption of Oil by Sector
      Of that, 32,000 Barrels of Oil per Day was used on
      Transportation (77%@ 42,000 Ba...
Electric Energy Generation
In Costa Rica more than 90% of Electric Energy comes
from Renewable Sources




               ...
Long Term Goals…
Costa Rica is relatively well positioned to reduce
its dependency for Oil, by using surplus Electric
Ener...
Costa Rica Clean Energy
         Initiative
Reduce Oil consumption 2,500 Barrels of Oil
per day in 3 years.

This can be a...
Costa Rica Clean Energy
           Initiative
Setup a tax on Oil
    A tax that would set a floor at the price of a barrel...
Clean Technologies
Use of Electric Energy to power vehicles:
     http://www.betterplace.com/


Conversion of vehicles int...
Rationale
In 2007 Costa Rica consumed 23 MM BOE or 64,000 BOE per Day
Of that it used 42,000 Barrels of Oil per Day (65.7%...
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Costa Rica Clean Energy Initiative

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Presentation about an initiative to use energy more efficiently while mitigation Carbon emissions

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Costa Rica Clean Energy Initiative

  1. 1. Costa Rica Clean Energy Initiative
  2. 2. Peak Oil Sometime over the next months or years when the current economic crisis ends, the price of oil will go up to keep a balance between Supply and Demand This increase in cost, will challenge countries to find alternative sources of energy and to become more energy efficient Volatility and uncertainty in the price of oil is an extra burden that consumers, investor and producers have not been able to manage well. This increase of efficiency take years and a moving to a oil-free economy will take decades
  3. 3. Energy Consumption 10 BOE 3 Oil Costa Rica has increased the use of energy over Biomass time to sustain economic growth Electric Energy In 2007 it consumed 23 MM BOE or 64,000 BOE Coal per Day BOE = Barrels of Oil Equivalent (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barrel_of_oil_equivalent )
  4. 4. Energy Consumption by Source Of the energy consumed, 65.7% was Oil That is 42,000 Barrels of Oil per Day (65.7%@ 64,000 BOE)
  5. 5. Consumption of Oil by Sector Of that, 32,000 Barrels of Oil per Day was used on Transportation (77%@ 42,000 Barrels of Oil) Others Public Services Commercial & Services Agriculture Residential Industry Transportation
  6. 6. Electric Energy Generation In Costa Rica more than 90% of Electric Energy comes from Renewable Sources Hydro Geothermal Wind Biomass Oil
  7. 7. Long Term Goals… Costa Rica is relatively well positioned to reduce its dependency for Oil, by using surplus Electric Energy from renewable resources This is consistent with the goal set by President Arias for the country to become Carbon Neutral by 2021. Doing this would boost the economy with the investment to grow Renewable Energy production while reducing imports of Oil. 7
  8. 8. Costa Rica Clean Energy Initiative Reduce Oil consumption 2,500 Barrels of Oil per day in 3 years. This can be accomplished by storing excess Electric Energy of peak times to be used on transportation. That would translates into savings of $64 million per year (@ $70 per Barrel of Oil) 8
  9. 9. Costa Rica Clean Energy Initiative Setup a tax on Oil A tax that would set a floor at the price of a barrel of oil at $70. This would provide financing for this plan, for public transportation systems and for increasing renewable energy production base. It would provide certainty for the consumers to make purchase decisions. Most important however is that it would take financial uncertainty to allow the market economy to finance the new projects Store excess electric energy into Hydrogen, Electric Batteries or Air: The public utility companies already have a low cost plans when the energy is used at off peak hours. Since the average drive in San Jose is less that 90 Km per day, most of the energy would be stored on the batteries at night at home. Promote purchase and conversion of Vehicles: Promote conversion and purchase of Electric vehicles, Air vehicles and Plug-in-Hybrid electric vehicles Promote/Require Public transportation vehicles that run on Hydrogen This can be done by eliminating import duties on these type of vehicles (overall import tax on vehicles is 65%). Develop the infrastructure required to provide energy to the vehicles: 60% of the population of Costa Rica lives on a 70 by 20 mile valley. With a handful of stations, full coverage can be accomplished. 9
  10. 10. Clean Technologies Use of Electric Energy to power vehicles: http://www.betterplace.com/ Conversion of vehicles into Plug-in-Hybrids: http://ecobella.blogspot.com/2008/12/electric-plan-for-energy- resilience.html Use of Air Vehicles: http://ecobella.blogspot.com/2008/07/first-compressed-air-vehicles- mdi.html http://www.mdi.lu/english/ Use of Hydrogen to power vehicles: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogen_vehicle 10
  11. 11. Rationale In 2007 Costa Rica consumed 23 MM BOE or 64,000 BOE per Day Of that it used 42,000 Barrels of Oil per Day (65.7%@ 64,000 BOE) And 32,000 Barrels of Oil per Day was used on Transportation (77%@ 42,000 Barrels of Oil) Costa Rica produced 12,700 BOE per Day in Electric Energy (19.8% @ 64,000 BOE per Day) The Electric Energy installed capacity supplies 90% of the energy at peak time. About 50% of time (12 hrs/day) the system is 40% under peak capacity. If we could store that energy to be used in transportation, that would save an equivalent of 2,500 bpd 11

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