Sabbatical (Memorial University of Newfoundland) - Exploring Issues Related to Online Learning at the K-12 Level Across Canada


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Barbour, M. K. (2011, February). Exploring issues related to online learning at the K-12 level across Canada. An invited presentation in the Doctoral Speaker Series in the Faculty of Education at Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, NL.

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Sabbatical (Memorial University of Newfoundland) - Exploring Issues Related to Online Learning at the K-12 Level Across Canada

  1. 1. distance education virtual schoolcorrespondence education online learning e-learning cyber school distributed learning tele-learning web-based learning
  2. 2. Definitions• distance education = distributed learning• online learning = web-based learning = telelearning = e-learning• virtual school - supplemental• cyber school - full-time
  3. 3. State of the Nation: K-12 Online Learning inCanada
  4. 4. MethodologyProvince/Territory 2008 2009 2010Newfoundland & KS / DA MoE / DA DALabradorNova Scotia DA MoE / DA MoEPrince Edward Island DA KS / DA MoENew Brunswick DA MoE / DA MoEQuebec KS KS / DA MoE / KSOntario KS / DA KS / DA KS / DAManitoba KS MoE / DA MoESaskatchewan KS / DA MoE MoEAlberta DA KS / DA KS / DABritish Columbia MoE / DA MoE / DA MoE
  5. 5. National Overview Single provincial program Combination of provincial and district-based programs Primarily district- based programs Use programs from other provinces Between 150,00 and 175,000 K-12 students took one or more DE courses
  6. 6. Atlantic Canada• NL/NB - Ministry operated programs• NS - multiple Ministry operated programs (including legacy) & district-based programs• PE - small video conferencing program & online learning from NB
  7. 7. Central Canada • QC - correspondence program operated by districts / synchronous online program / province-wide PD program • ON - district-based programs using Ministry CMS and content
  8. 8. Western Canada• MN - three province-wide programs provided by the Ministry, one of which is operated by the districts• SK - all district-based programs (most online learning)• AB - single province-wide, multiple district-based & private programs• BC - all district-based programs
  9. 9. Northern Canada • YK/NT/NV - all use programs from Alberta (generally ADLC) • YK - also uses programs from BC & has small video-conferencing program • NV - trying to develop more culturally sensitive programs
  10. 10. Some Interesting Findings• first online learning programs began in 1993 in British Columbia - still most extensive user with over 71,000 students enrolled in one or more courses• most extensive distance education regulations found in British Columbia - funding follows student• several provinces provide content and infrastructure, but districts operate programs
  11. 11. Some Interesting Findings• method of delivery is still print-based in many instances - greater reliance upon synchronous tools than elsewhere• unions are cautious supporters - BCTF has conducted most of the research into their programs - NSTU has 11 provisions concerning distance education in their agreement
  12. 12. Some Interesting Findings• seen as a substitute when face-to-face learning is not feasible or economic - largely in rural areas - primarily in specialized subject areas - often for highly selective students
  13. 13. YourQuestions andComments
  14. 14. Preparation of Teachers to Design, Deliver &Support K-12 Online Learning
  15. 15. What Is Availablelimited Canadian opportunities focused on preparing K-12 teachers to design, delivery and support online learning - Ontario recently introduced an e-learning teaching qualificationgrowing number of US-based opportunities, particularly graduate-level certificate programs - some states even have online teaching endorsements
  16. 16. Memorial University of NewfoundlandDiploma in TeleLearning and Rural School Teaching TeleLearning in a Rural School Intranet Effective Teaching Strategies for Multi-grade/Multi-age Classrooms Special Needs in the Context of Rural Schools Leadership Perspectives in Rural Schools Contemporary Educational Issues in Rural Schools Resource-based Learning in the Context of Rural SchoolsChoose four of the following: Curriculum Connections in Multi-grade/Multi-age Classrooms Rural Schools and Community Relations Rural Schools as Community Learning Centres Curriculum Implementation in All-grade Rural Schools Student Assessment in the Context of Rural Schools General Classroom Music Special Topics Courses in TeleLearning and Rural School Teaching
  17. 17. Queen’s UniversityTeaching and Learning OnlineCourse Aims and Objectives to critically examine present and proposed uses of the Internet/Web in teaching and learning to collaboratively construct images of what effective online learning could be for each class member, to increase understanding and skills related to the development, presentation, and delivery of online content and learning resourcesIncludes an alternate practicum to allow students to do some student teaching online
  18. 18. Ontario• Teaching qualification for Teaching & Learning Through e-Learning - analyzing, interpreting and implementing Ministry of Education curriculum and district school board policies and guidelines particularly in the area of e-Learning - having and applying the theoretical understanding necessary to design, implement and assess e- Learning programs and practices - modeling and adapting expectations, strategies and assessment practices in response to the individual needs of students in the e-Learning environment - facilitating the creation of e-Learning environments conducive to the intellectual, social, emotional, physical, linguistic, cultural, spiritual and moral development of the student collaborating with in- school personnel, parents/guardians and the community - accessing and exploring a variety of resources, including technological resources, within and beyond the educational system to enhance professional knowledge in support of student e- Learning - refining professional practice through ongoing inquiry, dialogue and reflection - supporting and modeling ethical practices - understanding the need to respect and conserve resources in the environment - understanding how to create and sustain professional e-Learning communities - developing awareness of First Nations, Métis and Inuit (Aboriginal) ways of knowing and perspectives - integrating environmentally respectful practices - creating and sustaining safe, equitable and inclusive learning environments - that honor and respect diversity.
  19. 19. Plymouth State UniversityFramingham State CollegeNorthwest Nazarene UniversityNorthwest Nazarene UniversityGraduate Certificate in Online UniversityNorthwest Nazarene Teaching and Learning (in partnership with Virtual High School) 21st Century Teaching and Learning Web-enhanced Classroom Online-extended Teaching Web 2.0: Collaborative Instruction Becoming an Online Teacher
  20. 20. Boise State UniversityGraduate Certificate in Online Teaching Online Teaching in the K-12 Environment Advanced Online Teaching MethodsChoose one of the following: The Internet for Educators Online Course Design Teaching and Learning In Virtual Worlds Educational Games and Simulations
  21. 21. University of FloridaGraduate Certificate in Online Teaching and LearningChoose three of the following: Designing and Delivering Online Content Distance Teaching and Learning Virtual Schools Philosophy and Pedagogy Distance Education Leadership and Management
  22. 22. Wayne State UniversityGraduate Certificate in Online Teaching Foundations of Distance Education Facilitation of On-Line and Face-To-Face Learning Practicum in Instructional TechnologyChoose two of the following: Designing Web Tools for the Classroom Web-Based Courseware Development Internet in the Classroom Multimedia for Instruction Advanced Multimedia for Instruction
  23. 23. Arizona State UniversityGraduate Certificate in Online Teaching K-12 Principles and Issues in Online Teaching Methods of Teaching Online Online Course Design Practicum in Online TeachingChoose one of the following: Technology and Integration Digital Video in the Classroom Using the Internet in Education Technology in Language Arts and Social Studies in Education Technology in Mathematics and Science Education Emerging Technologies Technology as Mindtools
  24. 24. State of Georgia Online Teaching Endorsement ProgramGeorgia State University Valdosta State University Integrating Technology  Course Management Systems into School-Based for E-LearningResources and Environments Strategies for E- Evaluation and Assessment LearningDesign and Delivery of Instruction for E-Learning for Online Learning The Internet for Educators E-Learning Environments
  25. 25. Iowa State UniversityTeacher Education Goes Into Virtual Schooling introduction of an online student teaching experience creation of virtual schooling content
  26. 26. YourQuestions andComments
  27. 27. Assistant Professor Wayne State University http://www.michaelbarbour.com