Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Strategies for instructors on how to promote an onlinegroupwork                   Myung Hwa Koh              Riverside Cit...
Overview of Presentation  Research Questions  Methodology    Research  Site    Participants    Data Analysis  Findin...
Research Purpose and Questions         The purpose of this study was to explore the          experience of students in on...
Research Design The  study adopted qualitative  methods (a background survey and  individual interviews) to answer the  t...
Research Site  The course was supported by WebCT   and HorizonWinba.  The course had two phases of the   course flow.   ...
Participants  The  target population for this study was   graduate students at a large southern   university who were tak...
Data Analysis  Constant  comparative methods were   used to analyze and interpret the   interviews.  Qualitative data wa...
Research Question One How do students perceive their online groupwork?    Online groupwork helped students to construct k...
Research Question Two What do students suggest for faculty members how to facilitate student groupwork?  Categories       ...
Research Question Two (cont) Categories   Sub-categories        Strategies for Instructors Process      Helping Group     ...
Conclusions and Implications   In this study, participants indicated that the    instructor’s role should include being a...
Questions and Comments           Dr. Myung Hwa Koh           mhkoh67@gmail.com   Riverside City College, Riverside, CA    ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

AERA 2009 - Strategies for Instructors on How to Improve Online Groupwork

154

Published on

Koh, M. H., & Barbour, M. K. (2009, April). Strategies for instructors on how to improve online groupwork. Paper discussion presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, CA.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
154
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "AERA 2009 - Strategies for Instructors on How to Improve Online Groupwork"

  1. 1. Strategies for instructors on how to promote an onlinegroupwork Myung Hwa Koh Riverside City College, CA Michael K. Barbour Wayne State University, MI AERA Conference 2009 , San Diego 1
  2. 2. Overview of Presentation  Research Questions  Methodology  Research Site  Participants  Data Analysis  Findings  Conclusions and Implications AERA Conference 2009 , San Diego 2
  3. 3. Research Purpose and Questions  The purpose of this study was to explore the experience of students in online groupwork. Our intent was to find strategies that could be implemented to assist students in completing groupwork online.  The main two research questions were 1. How do students perceive their online groupwork? 2. What do students suggest for faculty members how to facilitate student groupwork? AERA Conference 2009 , San Diego 3
  4. 4. Research Design The study adopted qualitative methods (a background survey and individual interviews) to answer the two research questions. AERA Conference 2009 , San Diego 4
  5. 5. Research Site  The course was supported by WebCT and HorizonWinba.  The course had two phases of the course flow.  Phase One (Synchronous online classes)  Phase Two (Asynchronous online classes)  The course required students to be involved in weekly group activities and a group project. AERA Conference 2009 , San Diego 5
  6. 6. Participants  The target population for this study was graduate students at a large southern university who were taking one course in instructional technology.  Sixstudents, all the two group members, in two groups completed a background survey and participated in four interviews at one- month intervals. AERA Conference 2009 , San Diego 6
  7. 7. Data Analysis  Constant comparative methods were used to analyze and interpret the interviews.  Qualitative data was organized according to the participants’ response to each interview question. AERA Conference 2009 , San Diego 7
  8. 8. Research Question One How do students perceive their online groupwork?  Online groupwork helped students to construct knowledge by allowing them to experience multiple perspectives from the other group members.  When Julia was asked, “Did you learn through group work?” she answered “Yes, you learn because other people are sharing their ideas, experiences, feedback, seeing how people communicate.”  However, they have encountered delayed feedback from group members, lack of accountability, difficulty communicating with each other in order to make decisions, and difficulty understanding group project goals. AERA Conference 2009 , San Diego 8
  9. 9. Research Question Two What do students suggest for faculty members how to facilitate student groupwork? Categories Sub- Strategies for Instructors categories Course Designing for Providing multiple communication methods for Design facilitating groups interaction Providing an Providing a specific deadline, checklists, rubrics, overall plan and examples. for the class Giving plenty of clear benchmarks about where students should be at certain points in the semester. Posting weekly announcement Preparing for Setting up a WebCT course in advance before the technology first class started AERA Conference 2009 , San Diego 9
  10. 10. Research Question Two (cont) Categories Sub-categories Strategies for Instructors Process Helping Group Providing group formation guidelines formation Limiting group size Helping students a find a group Building sense of Having a face-to-face meeting connection Providing a time for group members to learn each others’ background and skills Building virtual Having students knowing how to use communication tools. team skills Addressing groupwork process , strategies, and characteristics of groupwork Being involving in Checking if they were on track group process Monitoring their groupwork process Checking to see if there is any problem Evaluating the Being more involved in group evaluation. group process Providing a group evaluation rubric or checklist for group evaluation. Having students submit individual work samples. Assigning a group meeting time, attend their group meeting, and evaluate each group member. AERA Conference 2009 , San Diego 10
  11. 11. Conclusions and Implications In this study, participants indicated that the instructor’s role should include being a facilitator, motivator, and guide. They also felt that instructors should be prepared to design and facilitate exceedingly effective learning experiences. Future research studies with larger samples and different courses in other universities are needed to further examine how to form effective groups in online learning environments. Another important area of research is the development of an instructional design model for online groupwork. AERA Conference 2009 , San Diego 11
  12. 12. Questions and Comments Dr. Myung Hwa Koh mhkoh67@gmail.com Riverside City College, Riverside, CA Dr. Michael K. Barbour mkbarbour@gmail.com Wayne State University, Detroit, MI AERA Conference 2009 , San Diego 12

×