A
SEMINAR
ON
PAPER
BATTERY
PRESENTED BY:
MANISH KUMAR SHARMA
GOVT. ENGG. COLLEGE AJMER
VIII SEM ECE (10EC41)
4/5/2014 1
Cellulose Paper
+ Nano-technology
An Overview of the battery technology that
powers our mobile society.
__________________...
INTRODUCTION
• The creation of the paper battery drew from a diverse pool
of disciplines, requiring expertise in materials...
Battery Chemistry
Electrochemical reaction - a chemical
reaction between elements which creates
electrons.
Oxidation occur...
• It is a hybrid energy storage device that
combines characteristics of batteries and
super capacitors.
• It takes the hig...
Materials and Description
This energy storage device is based on two basic,
inexpensive materials:
 carbon nanotubes
 a...
How it is made
• To create this paper we have to first
dissolve the cellulose in the ionic liquid and
then infiltrate the ...
BLOCK D IAGRAM
4/5/2014 8
A paper battery is a flexible, ultra-thin
energy storage and production device
formed by combining carbon nanotube s
with...
WHAT IS A CARBON NANOTUBE?
 A carbon nanotube is a tube-shaped
material, made of carbon, having a diameter
measuring on t...
 Carbon Nanotubes can be categorized by their structures:
 Single-wall Nanotubes (SWNT)
 Multi-wall Nanotubes (MWNT)
4/...
• While a conventional battery contains a
number of separate components, the paper
battery integrates all of the battery
c...
• Electricity is the flow of electrical power or electrons
• Batteries produce electrons through a chemical reaction
betwe...
• The flexible battery can function even if it is rolled up,
folded or cut.
• "If we stack 500 sheets together in a ream, ...
APPLICATIONS
4/5/2014 15
Paper battery offers future power
The black piece of paper can power a small light.
 Flexible paper batteries could meet...
CONCLUSION
• This energy storage device is cost-effective because
the device can be able to be used in the smallest and
mo...
4/5/2014 18
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Presentation on Paper battery

  1. 1. A SEMINAR ON PAPER BATTERY PRESENTED BY: MANISH KUMAR SHARMA GOVT. ENGG. COLLEGE AJMER VIII SEM ECE (10EC41) 4/5/2014 1
  2. 2. Cellulose Paper + Nano-technology An Overview of the battery technology that powers our mobile society. ___________________________ ? 4/5/2014 2
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION • The creation of the paper battery drew from a diverse pool of disciplines, requiring expertise in materials science, energy storage and chemistry. • In august 2007, a research team at Rensselear polytechnic Institute developed the paper battery, also known as nano composite paper. 4/5/2014 3
  4. 4. Battery Chemistry Electrochemical reaction - a chemical reaction between elements which creates electrons. Oxidation occurs on the metals (“electrodes”), which creates the electrons. Electrons are transferred down the pile via the saltwater paper (the “electrolyte”). A charge is introduced at one pole, which builds as it moves down the pile. 4/5/2014 4
  5. 5. • It is a hybrid energy storage device that combines characteristics of batteries and super capacitors. • It takes the high energy storage capacity of the battery and the high energy density of the super capacitor which producing bursts of extreme power. What is Nanocomposite paper 4/5/2014 5
  6. 6. Materials and Description This energy storage device is based on two basic, inexpensive materials:  carbon nanotubes  and cellulose. Also an ionic liquid provides the third component:  electrolyte. 4/5/2014 6
  7. 7. How it is made • To create this paper we have to first dissolve the cellulose in the ionic liquid and then infiltrate the cellulose paper with aligned carbon nanotubes which form the uniform film. • Then it is solidified on dry ice, after this it is soaked in ethanol to remove the ionic liquid and dried in a vacuum, which gives us our final product: Nanocomposite paper. 4/5/2014 7
  8. 8. BLOCK D IAGRAM 4/5/2014 8
  9. 9. A paper battery is a flexible, ultra-thin energy storage and production device formed by combining carbon nanotube s with a conventional sheet of cellulose- based paper. A paper battery acts as both a high- energy battery and super capacitor , combining two components that are separate in traditional electronics . PAPER BATTERY: 4/5/2014 9
  10. 10. WHAT IS A CARBON NANOTUBE?  A carbon nanotube is a tube-shaped material, made of carbon, having a diameter measuring on the nanometer scale.  Carbon Nanotubes have many structures, differing in length, thickness, and in the type of helicity and number of layers.  Although they are formed from essentially the same graphite sheet, their electrical characteristics differ depending on these variations, acting either as metals or as semiconductors. 4/5/2014 10
  11. 11.  Carbon Nanotubes can be categorized by their structures:  Single-wall Nanotubes (SWNT)  Multi-wall Nanotubes (MWNT) 4/5/2014 11
  12. 12. • While a conventional battery contains a number of separate components, the paper battery integrates all of the battery components in a single structure, making it more energy efficient, Integrated devices. • The battery contains carbon nanotubes, each about one millionth of a centimeter thick, which act as an electrode. The nanotubes are embedded in a sheet of paper soaked in ionic liquid electrolytes, which conduct the electricity. How a paper battery works? 4/5/2014 12
  13. 13. • Electricity is the flow of electrical power or electrons • Batteries produce electrons through a chemical reaction between electrolyte and metal in the traditional battery. • Chemical reaction in the paper battery is between electrolyte and carbon nanotubes. • Electrons collect on the negative terminal of the battery and flow along a connected wire to the positive terminal. • Electrons must flow from the negative to the positive terminal for the chemical reaction to continue. 4/5/2014 13
  14. 14. • The flexible battery can function even if it is rolled up, folded or cut. • "If we stack 500 sheets together in a ream, that's 500 times the voltage. If we rip the paper in half we cut power by 50%. So we can control the power and voltage issue." • Because the battery consists mainly of paper and carbon, it could be used to power pacemakers within the body where conventional batteries pose a toxic threat. • “We wouldn't want the ionic liquid electrolytes in our body, but it works without them that is we can implant a piece of paper in the body and blood would serve as an electrolyte." 4/5/2014 14
  15. 15. APPLICATIONS 4/5/2014 15
  16. 16. Paper battery offers future power The black piece of paper can power a small light.  Flexible paper batteries could meet the energy demands of the next generation of gadgets. The ambition is to produce reams of paper that could one day power a car. The paper battery was a glimpse into the future of power storage.  The versatile paper, which stores energy like a conventional battery, can also double as a capacitor capable of releasing sudden energy Bursts for high-power applications.4/5/2014 16
  17. 17. CONCLUSION • This energy storage device is cost-effective because the device can be able to be used in the smallest and most diversely designed electronics. Such as cell phones, mp3 players and medical equipment. • The researchers say that it can also be used in automobiles and aircraft. But it has a poor processibility, being that it is particularly insoluble of infusible. Lastly, the use of ionic liquid makes the device environmentally friendly; a major concern in nanotechnology. 4/5/2014 17
  18. 18. 4/5/2014 18
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